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Carnaby’s Black Cockatoo

 (Zanda latirostris)

Also known as: White-tailed Black Cockatoo, White-tailed Cockatoo, Slender-billed Cockatoo

Click photo to visit gallery

Carnaby's Black Cockatoo
© Georgina Steytler

Did You Know?

Competition from increasing numbers of Galahs (Eolophus roseicapilla) for nest hollows is a possible problem for this species.

Academic Research

Related publications: Zanda latirostris

Species Profile

Genus: Zanda | Species: latirostris

Size:

55-60cm (21.5-23.4 in)

Weight:

540-760g (19.0-26.6 oz)

Races including nominate:

one

Colour Adult:

Male-large cockatoo, brown/black in colour, white tail patches, white edgings to back of crown, ear coverts and throat; grey/white patch on rear ear coverts. Wings black with brown/white edgings. Tail side feathers with broad white band. Pink around eye. Bill dark grey. Eye brown. Female-shows broader and paler grey/white edgings to feathers, looking scalloped, area around eye grey, ear coverts larger and whiter, side feathers of tail with narrower white tail band. Bill light grey.

Colour Juvenile:

As in adult but with dull white ear coverts; narrow white tail band. Area around eye grey.

Call:

High-pitched and drawn out whistle.  Alarm call harsh screech.  Fledged youngsters emit constant wheezing sound.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1 | Video 2 | Video 3

More Information:

Avibase
Handbook of the Birds of the World
Dept. of Environment Australian Government

Content Sources:

CITES
Lexicon of Parrots
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
xeno-canto Carnaby's Black Cockatoo, Feuersenger, Matthias, XC107829
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
Parrots: Status Survey and Conservation Plan 2000-2004, Snyder, McGowan, Gilardi and Grajal, 2000.
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1989. 2010 edition
Vanished and Vanishing Parrots, Forshaw, 2017.
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.

Click photo to visit gallery

Carnaby's Black Cockatoo
© Georgina Steytler

Did You Know?

Competition from increasing numbers of Galahs (Eolophus roseicapilla) for nest hollows is a possible problem for this species.

Academic Research

Related publications: Zanda latirostris

Species Care

Captive Status:

Uncommon

Longevity:

25-50 yrs

Housing:

Walk-in enclosure, minimum length 7m (23 ft).

Diet:

Nuts, including walnuts, almonds and pine nuts; sunflower seed, wheat, maize and fresh corn, peas in the pod; vegetables, green foods and fruit (except orange) are not eaten by many birds; nutritionally complete kibble; also if available mealworms for rearing young.

Enrichment:

Provide lots of bird-safe chewables such as flowering (non-sprayed) branches, fir, pine; also vegetable tanned leather chew toys; overhead misters for bathing.

Nest Box Size:

Nestbox or log: 28-40" (71cm-131cm) x 14-16" (35.5cm-52.5cm).

Clutch Size:

1 to 2

Incubation Time:

28-29 days

Fledging Age:

11-12 weeks

Hatch Weight:

Not recorded.

Peak Weight:

Not recorded.

Weaning Weight:

Not recorded.

Click photo to visit gallery

Carnaby's Black Cockatoo
© Georgina Steytler

Did You Know?

Competition from increasing numbers of Galahs (Eolophus roseicapilla) for nest hollows is a possible problem for this species.

Academic Research

Related publications: Zanda latirostris

Species Wild Status

World Population:

As low as 10,000.

IUCN Red List Status:

Endangered

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

Since the 1950s, over 80% of the feeding habitat for breeding birds has been cleared for agriculture. Remnants are fragmented. There has also been egg and chick poaching, sometimes with the loss of nest trees. Recent heatwaves have felled almost 200 birds.

Range:

Restricted to SW Australia, inland.

Habitat:

Proteaceous scrubs and heathlands, and adjoining eucalypt woodlands. Also forays into drier mallee and scrublands.

Wild Diet:

Seeds from Proteaceae spp., Hakea, Dryandra, Grevillea; pine nuts.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Pairs form permanent bonds, large flocks form outside breeding season; sometimes seen with Red-tailed Black Cockatoos. Noisy and conspicuous in groups.

Clutch and Egg Size:

1 to 2, ovate eggs, 50 x 35mm (2 x 1.3 in)

Breeding Season:

August-December.

Related Links:

Wikipedia
BirdLife Australia

Click photo to visit gallery

Carnaby's Black Cockatoo
© Georgina Steytler

Did You Know?

Competition from increasing numbers of Galahs (Eolophus roseicapilla) for nest hollows is a possible problem for this species.

Academic Research

Related publications: Zanda latirostris

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