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Emma’s Conure

 (Pyrrhura emma)

Also known as: Venezuelan Parakeet

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Wild Emma's Conure
© Fernando Flores | Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

Emma's Conure was once considered conspecific with the White-eared Conure (Pyrrhura leucotis); it is now considered a separate species.

Academic Research

Related publications: Pyrrhura emma

Species Profile

Genus: Pyrrhura | Species: emma

Size:

23cm (9 in)

Weight:

Probably 50g (1.75 oz).

Races including nominate:

two: P.e. emma, P.e. auricularis

Colour Adult:

P.e. emma: both adults brown/maroon face; off-white ear coverts; green/blue crown to nape and sides of hindneck; green/blue throat and sides of foreneck, margined off-white; green/brown breast with yellow/white and brown barring; brown/red centre of abdomen and patch from lower back to upper tail coverts; red bend of wing; green tail tipped with brown/red; bare cere white. Eye ring bare and white. Eye dark brown.
P.e. auricularis: both adults as in emma, but with larger more white ear coverts; upperparts and flanks slightly darker green and less yellow; bare cere. Eye ring bare and grey.

Colour Juvenile:

P.e. emma: in general duller than adults; dull blue crown washed with grey/brown; less extensive brown/red on centre of abdomen, with scattering of green feathers; tail shorter.

Call:

Calls are described as loud and harsh, particularly when alarmed or distressed.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1 | Video 2

More Information:

Avibase
Handbook of the Birds of the World

Content Sources:

Lexicon of Parrots
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1977. 2010 edition
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Emma's Conure
© Fernando Flores | Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

Emma's Conure was once considered conspecific with the White-eared Conure (Pyrrhura leucotis); it is now considered a separate species.

Academic Research

Related publications: Pyrrhura emma

Species Care

Captive Status:

Uncommon

Longevity:

Up to 35 yrs

Housing:

Aviary or suspended enclosure, minimum length 2m (6.5 ft).

Diet:

Fruit such as: apple, pear, orange, banana, pomegranate, cactus fruits, forming about 30 percent of the diet; vegetables such as: carrot, celery, green beans and peas in the pod; green leaves such as: Swiss chard, lettuce, sowthistle, dandelion, chickweed; spray millet; small seed mix such as: canary, millet, and smaller amounts of oats, buckwheat, safflower and a little hemp; soaked and sprouted sunflower seed; cooked beans and pulses, boiled maize and complete kibble.

Enrichment:

Are voracious chewers so provide bird-safe, unsprayed flowering, fir, pine and willow branches, perches, heat sterilized pine cones, wooden and vegetable tanned leather toys. Also enjoy bathing so provide overhead misters or shallow bowls of water.

Nest Box Size:

Vertical box 8" x 8" x 28" (20.3cm x 20.3cm x 71cm).

Clutch Size:

4-5

Incubation Time:

20-24 days

Fledging Age:

6-7 weeks

Hatch Weight:

3-4g (0.1-0.14 oz)

Peak Weight:

Not recorded.

Weaning Weight:

Not recorded.

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Emma's Conure
© Fernando Flores | Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

Emma's Conure was once considered conspecific with the White-eared Conure (Pyrrhura leucotis); it is now considered a separate species.

Academic Research

Related publications: Pyrrhura emma

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Unknown, decreasing.

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern

CITES Listing:

Appendix II, as congener of P. leucotis.

Threat Summary:

Population may be in a slow decline.

Range:

P.e. emma: Coastal mountains of N Venezuela, form Yaracuy and Carabobo east to Distrito Federal and interior mountains of southern Aragua, Miranda and western Anzoategui.
P.e. auricularis: Mountains of NE Venezuela, in eastern Anzoategui, Sucre, and northern Monagas.

Habitat:

Found up to 1700m (5576 ft) in humid and wet forests and forest edges in hilly areas.

Wild Diet:

Diet probably includes fruits, flowers, seeds and some larvae.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Resident, moving seasonally in response to food and breeding. Seen in pairs, but mostly in flocks of up to 15 individuals. Feeds at all levels of canopy.

Clutch and Egg Size:

4-5 broadly elliptical eggs, 26.5 x 20.5mm (1 x 0.8 in).

Breeding Season:

Probably May-July.

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Emma's Conure
© Fernando Flores | Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

Emma's Conure was once considered conspecific with the White-eared Conure (Pyrrhura leucotis); it is now considered a separate species.

Academic Research

Related publications: Pyrrhura emma

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