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Green-rumped Parrotlet

 (Forpus passerinus)

Also known as: Blue-winged Parrotlet, Common Parrotlet, Guiana Parrotlet (F.p. passerinus)

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Green-rumped Parrotlet
© Len Blumin [CC BY-NC-ND 2.0] via Flickr

Did You Know?

Despite their small size, parrotlets should never be kept with other parrot types in the same cage. This is due to the aggressiveness of the male parrotlet.

Academic Research

Related publications: Forpus passerinus

Species Profile

Genus: Forpus | Species: passerinus

Size:

12cm (4.7 in)

Weight:

20-28g (0.7-1.0 oz)

Races including nominate:

five: F.p. passerinus, F.p. viridissimus, F.p. cyanophanes, F.p. cyanochlorus, F.p. deliciosus

Colour Adult:

F.p. passerinus: Male-lower back to upper tail coverts green, grey wash on nape and hindneck; secondary coverts pale blue; outer secondary feathers and inner primary coverts purple/blue; underwing coverts purple/blue tipped with green. Bill pink/horn coloured. Eye brown. Female-green markings instead of blue.
F.p. viridissimus: Male-darker green body; secondary feathers and secondary coverts darker blue; underwing coverts and axillary feathers blue/green with purple/blue patch on lesser underwing coverts. Female-as in passerinus.
F.p. cyanophanes: Male-as in viridissimus, but more extensive purple/blue on primary and secondary coverts forming obvious patch on closed wing. Female-as in passerinus.
F.p. cyanochlorus: Male-as in passerinus, but darker purple/blue on lesser underwing coverts. Female-more yellow/green than passerinus.
F.p. deliciosus: Male-lower back and rump emerald green washed pale blue; primary and secondary coverts pale blue with violet/blue along shafts of feathers. Female-as in passerinus, but with yellow wash on forehead.

Colour Juvenile:

As in adults.

Call:

Calls in flight said to be shrill cheet-it…cheet-it or chee-sup….chee-sup.  Also loud chattering notes while in flocks and more penetrating sounds.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1 | Video 2 | Video 3

More Information:

Avibase

Content Sources:

CITES
BirdLife International
Cornell Lab of Ornithology/Birds of the World
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
ML Media Collection Catalogue 64385, Green-rumped Parrotlet Forpus passerinus, Schwartz, Paul, Aragua, Venezuela, Feb. 27 1973, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1977. 2010 edition
Lexicon of Parrots, Thomas Arndt.
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Green-rumped Parrotlet
© Len Blumin [CC BY-NC-ND 2.0] via Flickr

Did You Know?

Despite their small size, parrotlets should never be kept with other parrot types in the same cage. This is due to the aggressiveness of the male parrotlet.

Academic Research

Related publications: Forpus passerinus

Species Care

Captive Status:

Becoming more common.

Longevity:

Up to 25 yrs.

Housing:

Outdoor or indoor enclosure, minimum length 1.2m (4 ft).

Diet:

Pelleted diet, supplemented with calcium (via cuttlebone or drops); fruits such as: apple, pear, orange, banana, kiwi, pomegranate, etc; vegetables such as: carrot, corn, celery, peas in the pod, green beans and green leaves; seed mix including: millet, safflower, buckwheat, oats and limited sunflower; millet spray; seed grasses where available.

Enrichment:

Bathing, socialization, swings, ropes, bird-safe chew toys (with pine or fir wood, or vegetable tanned leather), puzzle toys, foraging items.

Nest Box Size:

Vertical box, 6" x 6" x 6" (15cm x 15cm x 15cm).

Clutch Size:

5 or 6

Incubation Time:

20-22 days

Fledging Age:

5 weeks

Hatch Weight:

Not recorded.

Peak Weight:

Not recorded.

Weaning Weight:

Not recorded.

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Green-rumped Parrotlet
© Len Blumin [CC BY-NC-ND 2.0] via Flickr

Did You Know?

Despite their small size, parrotlets should never be kept with other parrot types in the same cage. This is due to the aggressiveness of the male parrotlet.

Academic Research

Related publications: Forpus passerinus

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Unknown, decreasing.

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

Generally common.

Range:

F.p. passerinus: Guianas, also introduced unsuccessfully to Martinique, West Indies.
F.p. viridissimus: Trinidad, N Venezuela and NE Colombia. Introduced to Curacao, Netherland Antilles; also Tobago and possibly to Jamaica and Barbados.
F.p. cyanophanes: N Colombia.
F.p. cyanochlorus: Upper Rio Branco, Roraima, N Brazil.
F.p. deliciosus: N Brazil.

Habitat:

Found up to 1800m (5904 ft) in open to semi-open habitats, including dry scrubland, deciduous woodland, gallery forest near water, farmland and other cultivation with scattered trees and urban parks or gardens.

Wild Diet:

Small grass seeds including Croton hirtus, Hyptis suaveolens, Wissadula, Cyperus, Scoparia dulcis and Melochia parviflora, obtained by settling on grass stems and allowing weight to bend seedhead to ground. Also berries including mistletoe, fruits such as Anona and Psidium guajava, leaf buds, blossoms and seeds of Lagerstroemia indica and sunflowers.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Gregarious, forming flocks of up to 100 birds at one time in communal roosts or feeding areas outside of breeding season. About half of wild females attempt second brood in breeding season.

Clutch and Egg Size:

5 or 6 sperical to elliptical eggs, 17.5 x 14.4mm. (0.7 x 0.5 in).

Breeding Season:

Most of the year depending on location. Nest is in hollow stump, limb, trunk or arboreal termitarium. Also more rarely palm frond base and man-made piping.

Related Links:

Wikipedia
Research: Contact calls are used for individual mate recognition in free-ranging Green-rumped Parrotlets

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Green-rumped Parrotlet
© Len Blumin [CC BY-NC-ND 2.0] via Flickr

Did You Know?

Despite their small size, parrotlets should never be kept with other parrot types in the same cage. This is due to the aggressiveness of the male parrotlet.

Academic Research

Related publications: Forpus passerinus

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