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Hyacinth Macaw

 (Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus)

Also known as: Hyacinthine Macaw, Blue Macaw, Black Macaw

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Hyacinth Macaw
© Luiz Claudio Marigo

Did You Know?

The Hyacinth Macaw takes palm nuts from the ground out of cattle dung. The nuts are consumed by the cattle and pass through undigested.

Programs & Projects

WPT has worked with numerous partners to help save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus

Species Profile

Genus: Anodorhynchus | Species: hyacinthinus

Size:

90-100cm (35-39 in)

Weight:

1200-1450g (42-50.75 oz)

Races including nominate:

one

Colour Adult:

Both adults purple/blue body colour; slightly darker on wings, paler on head. Bill grey/black. Eye ring bare, yellow. Moon-shaped lappet surrounding base of mandible yellow. Eye dark brown.

Colour Juvenile:

As in adult but with shorter tail, and eye ring and lappets paler.

Call:

Loud croaking and screeching notes, warning cry harsh and loud.  Call sometimes two staccato notes with brief pause before repeating.  While roosting will also scold, yap and growl, also deep purring.  Flocks produce prodigious noise.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1 | Video 2 | Video 3

More Information:

Avibase
Handbook of the Birds of the World

Content Sources:

CITES
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
ML Media Collection Catalogue 89176, Hyacinth Macaw Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus, Marantz, Curtis, Mato Grosso, Brazil, Jan. 6 1998, Cornell Lab of Ornithology.
Parrots: Status Survey and Conservation Plan 2000-2004, Snyder, McGowan, Gilardi and Grajal, 2000.
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1989. 2010 edition
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.
Psittacine Aviculture, Schubot, Clubb and Clubb, 1992.

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Hyacinth Macaw
© Luiz Claudio Marigo

Did You Know?

The Hyacinth Macaw takes palm nuts from the ground out of cattle dung. The nuts are consumed by the cattle and pass through undigested.

Programs & Projects

WPT has worked with numerous partners to help save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus

Species Care

Captive Status:

Rare until 1970's then increased greatly in 1980's due to increased breeding.

Longevity:

30-50 yrs or more.

Housing:

Should have access to a large enclosure at least 15m (50 ft) for at least part of the year; keeping permanently indoors not recommended.

Diet:

Soaked or sprouted sunflower seed; nuts including: walnuts, pecans, Brazil nuts, pine nuts; vegetables and fruit such as: corn on the cob, banana, orange, apple and others, and if possible, palm fruits. Complete kibble for macaws.

Enrichment:

Are vigorous chewers, so provide plenty of bird-safe, unsprayed woods such as fir, pine, willow, and elder; heat sterilized pine cones, large wooden or vegetable tanned leather toys.

Nest Box Size:

Barrel, 21in x 36in in size

Clutch Size:

2

Incubation Time:

28 days

Fledging Age:

14 weeks

Hatch Weight:

22g (0.7 oz)

Peak Weight:

1236g (43.3 oz)

Weaning Weight:

1200-1215g (42-42.5 oz)

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Hyacinth Macaw
© Luiz Claudio Marigo

Did You Know?

The Hyacinth Macaw takes palm nuts from the ground out of cattle dung. The nuts are consumed by the cattle and pass through undigested.

Programs & Projects

WPT has worked with numerous partners to help save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus

Species Wild Status

World Population:

6500

IUCN Red List Status:

Vulnerable

CITES Listing:

Appendix I

Threat Summary:

Very heavy trapping for trade, some local hunting for food and feathers, loss of habitat for hydroelectric dams and agriculture.

Range:

Three isolated groups in C South America: NE Brazil, central E Brazil, S central Brazil to Bolivia and N Paraguay.

Habitat:

Occurs in wide range of areas rich in nut-bearing species of trees and shrubs; in Amazonian Brazil avoids continuous humid forest. In dry areas inhabits plateau country with rocky, steep valleys with deciduous woodland, gallery forest and Mauritia palm swamp. Also in pantanal region in gallery forest with palm groves.

Wild Diet:

Eats nuts of many palms including: Maximiliana, Orbignya, Astrocaryum as well as Syagrus, Scheelea and Acrocomia spp.; other fruits and Pomacea molluscs taken as well.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Found generally in pairs, family groups or small flocks of up to 10, noisy and conspicuous. Peak foraging activity in morning or late afternoon.

Clutch and Egg Size:

2 eggs, 53 x 40mm (2 x 1.5 in)

Breeding Season:

August-December

Related Links:

Wikipedia
Cornell Lab of Ornithology Neotropical Birds
Research: Preliminary observations of tool use in captive Hyacinth Macaws
Research: Genetic variation and population structure of the endangered Hyacinth Macaw: Implications for conservation

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Hyacinth Macaw
© Luiz Claudio Marigo

Did You Know?

The Hyacinth Macaw takes palm nuts from the ground out of cattle dung. The nuts are consumed by the cattle and pass through undigested.

Programs & Projects

WPT has worked with numerous partners to help save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus

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