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Maroon-fronted Parrot

 (Rhynchopsitta terrisi)

Also known as: Maroon-fronted Macawlet

Click photo to visit gallery

Maroon-fronted Parrots
© Steve Milpacher

Did You Know?

The diet of the Maroon-fronted Parrot, like that of the Thick-billed Parrot, is almost exclusively pine seeds.

Academic Research

Related publications: Rhynchopsitta terrisi

Species Profile

Genus: Rhynchopsitta | Species: terrisi

Size:

40cm (15.6 in)

Weight:

400-450g.

Races including nominate:

one

Colour Adult:

Both adults: dark green body, paler green on cheeks and ear coverts; forehead, forecrown dark maroon stripe; bend of wing, carpal edge and thighs dark red; greater underwing coverts grey/olive.  Bill black, bare eye ring brown/yellow, eye orange/yellow.

Colour Juvenile:

As in adult but with maroon stripe absent, bend of wing and carpal edge green; less red on thighs.  Bill horn coloured with grey at base of upper mandible. Eye brown.

Call:

Notes are high-pitched and rolling.

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More Information:

Avibase

Content Sources:

CITES
BirdLife International
Cornell Lab of Ornithology/Birds of the World
A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
Parrots: Status Survey and Conservation Plan 2000-2004, Snyder, McGowan, Gilardi and Grajal, 2000.
ML Media Collection Catalogue 89565, Maroon-fronted Parrot Rhynchopsitta terrisi, Duncan, Charles, Coahuila, Mexico, Oct. 11 1997, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Vanished and Vanishing Parrots, Forshaw, 2017.
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1977.
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.

Click photo to visit gallery

Maroon-fronted Parrots
© Steve Milpacher

Did You Know?

The diet of the Maroon-fronted Parrot, like that of the Thick-billed Parrot, is almost exclusively pine seeds.

Academic Research

Related publications: Rhynchopsitta terrisi

Species Care

Captive Status:

Rare

Longevity:

Not recorded.

Housing:

Not recorded.

Diet:

Not recorded.

Enrichment:

Not recorded.

Nest Box Size:

Not recorded.

Clutch Size:

2

Incubation Time:

Not recorded.

Fledging Age:

Not recorded.

Hatch Weight:

Not recorded.

Peak Weight:

Not recorded.

Weaning Weight:

Not recorded.

Click photo to visit gallery

Maroon-fronted Parrots
© Steve Milpacher

Did You Know?

The diet of the Maroon-fronted Parrot, like that of the Thick-billed Parrot, is almost exclusively pine seeds.

Academic Research

Related publications: Rhynchopsitta terrisi

Species Wild Status

World Population:

1000-2500, decreasing.

IUCN Red List Status:

Endangered

CITES Listing:

Appendix I

Threat Summary:

Loss of habitat through intensive grazing, logging and conversion to agriculture. Annual fires destroy large areas of suitable habitat, as returning vegetation is likely to be chaparral bush. Drought fuels fires and dries up natural water sources.

Range:

NE Mexico, restricted to 300km (180 mi) section of Sierra Madre Oriental in SE Coahuila, central-western Nuevo Leon, and SW Tamaulipas and sometimes to Queretaro.

Habitat:

Found at between 1300-3700m (4264-12140 ft), in highland mix Pinus, Abies, Quercus woodland, near cliff faces for roosting and nesting.

Wild Diet:

Seeds of Pinus species: P. arizonica, P. gregii, P. teocote, P. montezumae, P. cembroides, and Abies spp. Also the flowers and seeds of Agave macroculnis.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Roosts in nest while breeding but outside the breeding season communally in trees or on cliffs; gregarious and noisy; conspicuous in high long-distance (up to 40km) flights to and from feeding areas.

Clutch and Egg Size:

2 ovate to rounded-ovate eggs, 39.5 x 30.5mm (1.5 x 1.2 in).

Breeding Season:

July-November

Click photo to visit gallery

Maroon-fronted Parrots
© Steve Milpacher

Did You Know?

The diet of the Maroon-fronted Parrot, like that of the Thick-billed Parrot, is almost exclusively pine seeds.

Academic Research

Related publications: Rhynchopsitta terrisi

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