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Niam-niam Parrot

 (Poicephalus crassus)
 

Did You Know?

In the wild a good way to identify Poicephalus species is to observe its flight - the wingbeats meet underneath the body, unlike other parrots.

Academic Research

Related publications: Poicephalus crassus

Species Profile

Genus: Poicephalus | Species: crassus

Size:

25cm (9.75 in)

Weight:

Not available

Races including nominate:

one

Colourization Adult:

Both adults brown head and neck tinged with olive/yellow; olive/brown throat and breast; silver/grey ear coverts; green underwing coverts; olive/brown tail tipped with dull green. Grey/brown upper mandible tipped with black, yellow lower. Cere and eye ring bare and dark brown/grey. Eye yellow.

Colourization Juvenile:

Grey/brown crown and nape strongly marked with olive/yellow; yellow edging on inner secondary feathers. Yellow upper mandible tipped with dark grey, yellow lower.

Call:

Calls made in flight or when perched are very sharp, which can be heard at some distance. Becomes more high-pitched with alarm.

More Information:

Avibase
Handbook of the Birds of the World

Poicephalus Wild Breeding Project

Content Sources:

Did You Know?

In the wild a good way to identify Poicephalus species is to observe its flight - the wingbeats meet underneath the body, unlike other parrots.

Academic Research

Related publications: Poicephalus crassus

Species Care

Captive Status:

Rare

Longevity:

Not available

Housing:

Flight 2 x 1 x 2m (6.5 x 3.3 x 6.5 ft); minimum temperature during acclimatisation 20C (68 F), afterward not less than 10C (50 F).

Diet:

Seed mix such as: safflower, paddy rice, wheat, oats, canary, buckwheat, Pinus seed, millet; millet spray, dry or sprouted; limited sprouted sunflower seed; fruits such as: apple, pear, orange, banana, cactus fruits, pomegranate, papaya; vegetables such as: carrot, celery, green beans and peas in the pod; berries such as: rosehips, rowanberries or elderberries; green leaves such as: Swiss chard, lettuce, kale, sowthistle, dandelion, chickweed; complete pellet.

Enrichment:

Are vigorous chewers so provide plenty of bird-safe, unsprayed woods such as: pine, fir, elder, willow or saskatoon bush. Also provide wooden block and vegetable tanned leather toys and heat sterilized pine cones.

Nest Box Size:

Not available

Clutch Size:

Not available

Incubation Time:

Not available

Fledging Age:

Not available

Hatch Weight:

Not available

Peak Weight:

Not available

Weaning Weight:

Not available

Did You Know?

In the wild a good way to identify Poicephalus species is to observe its flight - the wingbeats meet underneath the body, unlike other parrots.

Academic Research

Related publications: Poicephalus crassus

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Unknown, stable.

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

None at present.

Range:

WC Africa from S Chad and possibly E Cameroon, east to N Democratic Republic of Congo and SW Sudan.

Habitat:

Found up to 1000m (3280 ft) in wooded savanna country, forest savanna mosaic, moist savannas and Syzygium-Adina riparian woodland in savanna.

Wild Diet:

Probably includes a variety of seeds; also millet and grain.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Resident with local movements to and from feeding areas. Seen in pairs or small groups. Wary and difficult to approach.

Clutch and Egg Size:

Not available

Breeding Season:

Possibly August-September.

Did You Know?

In the wild a good way to identify Poicephalus species is to observe its flight - the wingbeats meet underneath the body, unlike other parrots.

Academic Research

Related publications: Poicephalus crassus

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