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Orange-bellied Parrot

 (Neophema chrysogaster)

Also known as: Orange-bellied Grass-Parakeet, Orange-breasted Parrot or Grass-Parakeet

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Male Orange-bellied Parrot
© Ron Knight [CC BY 2.0]

Did You Know?

In the 19th century this species occurred in flocks of thousands of individuals.

Programs & Projects

WPT has worked with numerous partners to help save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Neophema chrysogaster

Species Profile

Genus: Neophema | Species: chrysogaster

Size:

22cm (8.6 in)

Weight:

40-50g (1.4-1.75 oz)

Races including nominate:

one

Colour Adult:

Male-bright grass green crown and upperparts; deep blue wide frontal band, bordered above by light blue line; green sides of head, turning to yellow on face and breast; green/yellow abdomen, orange patch in centre; bright yellow undertail coverts and underside of tail; purple/blue outer secondary coverts; deep green central upper tail feathers. Bill grey/black. Eye dark brown. Female-in general duller than male; scattering of dull green feathers on upperparts; frontal band slightly paler; centre of abdomen has less orange; pale underwing stripe sometimes present.

Colour Juvenile:

In general duller than female, but upperparts quite green; faint blue edging to feathers in frontal area, replacing frontal band; minimal orange on abdomen; pale underwing stripe present. Bill yellow/brown.

Call:

Calls are described as sharp and monosyllabic; sharp chittering in alarm, producing a buzzing sound.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1 | Video 2 | Video 3

More Information:

Avibase
National Geographic Photo Ark
Handbook of the Birds of the World
Parrot Society of Australia

Orange-bellied Parrot Recovery Plan

Content Sources:

CITES
Lexicon of Parrots
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
Parrots: Status Survey and Conservation Plan 2000-2004, Snyder, McGowan, Gilardi, Grajal, 2000.
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1977. 2010 edition
Vanished and Vanishing Parrots, Forshaw, 2017.
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.

Click photo to visit gallery

Male Orange-bellied Parrot
© Ron Knight [CC BY 2.0]

Did You Know?

In the 19th century this species occurred in flocks of thousands of individuals.

Programs & Projects

WPT has worked with numerous partners to help save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Neophema chrysogaster

Species Care

Captive Status:

Almost unknown in aviculture, save for a few captive breeding programs.

Longevity:

Not recorded.

Housing:

Aviary 5 x 2 x 2m (16.4 x 6.5 x 6.5 ft), planted if possible. Environment temperature no lower than 20C (68F).

Diet:

Seed mix such as: canary, millet, niger and smaller amounts of oats, buckwheat, safflower and a little hemp; half-ripened grass and millet sprays; green leaves such as: Swiss chard, lettuce, sowthistle, dandelion, chickweed; vegetables such as: carrot, celery, green beans, peas in the pod, corn; fruits if taken; complete kibble.

Enrichment:

Not recorded.

Nest Box Size:

Vertical box 5" x 5" x 10" (12.7cm x 12.7cm x 25.4cm).

Clutch Size:

4-6

Incubation Time:

21 days

Fledging Age:

5 weeks

Hatch Weight:

Not recorded.

Peak Weight:

Not recorded.

Weaning Weight:

Not recorded.

Click photo to visit gallery

Male Orange-bellied Parrot
© Ron Knight [CC BY 2.0]

Did You Know?

In the 19th century this species occurred in flocks of thousands of individuals.

Programs & Projects

WPT has worked with numerous partners to help save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Neophema chrysogaster

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Less than 30, with 340 in captivity.

IUCN Red List Status:

Critically Endangered

CITES Listing:

Appendix I

Threat Summary:

Fragmentation and degradation of this species' overwintering habitat by overgrazing and development. Male-female sex ratios are heavily skewed towards males. There is competition with other species for greenfood. In 2015 the wild population saw 19 out of 26 nestlings infected with Psittacine Beak and Feather Disease.

Range:

Tasmania and some offshore islands, and coastal SE mainland Australia.

Habitat:

Breeding areas include temperate forest and moorland plains; wintering areas are mostly saltmarsh and pasturelands with freshwater sources and roosting sites.

Wild Diet:

Feeds on seeds, fruits, berries and flowers of sedges, herbaceous plants, and grasses.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Are migratory between their breeding grounds in SW Tasmania and wintering area in SE Australia. In breeding areas birds roost communally in dense Melaleuca stands. Will associate with other Neophema spp. and also finches and sparrows.

Clutch and Egg Size:

4-6 rounded eggs, 21.0 x 17.5mm (0.8 x 0.7 in).

Breeding Season:

October-March, April

Related Links:

Difficult Bird Research Group
Parks and Wildlife Service Tasmania
Research: Further knowledge and urgent action required to save Orange-bellied Parrots from extinction

Click photo to visit gallery

Male Orange-bellied Parrot
© Ron Knight [CC BY 2.0]

Did You Know?

In the 19th century this species occurred in flocks of thousands of individuals.

Programs & Projects

WPT has worked with numerous partners to help save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Neophema chrysogaster

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