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Paradise Parrot

 (Psephotellus pulcherrimus)

Also known as: Beautiful Parrot, Red-shouldered Parrot or Parakeet, Scarlet-shouldered Parrot, Soldier Parrot, Ground Parrot, Ground Rosella, Grass Parrot, Anthill Parrot, Elegant Parrot

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Paradise Parrot, 1922
© C.H.H. Jerrard

Did You Know?

The last confirmed sighting of this bird was in 1927.

Academic Research

Related publications: Psephotellus pulcherrimus

Species Profile

Genus: Psephotellus | Species: pulcherrimus

Size:

27cm (10.5 in)

Weight:

Probably as in other Psephotellus sp. at 50-70g.

Races including nominate:

one

Colour Adult:

Male-red forehead; crown and nape brown/black; upperparts red/brown; green/blue rump, flanks and sides of abdomen; emerald green upper tail coverts; face and underparts emerald green; red undertail coverts and centre of abdomen; middle and outer lesser wing coverts red; tail bronze/green widely tipped blue/white. Bill grey/white. Eye brown.  Female-forehead and area around eye yellow/tan; black/brown crown and nape; face and breast dusty tan/yellow washed with brown/orange; abdomen to under tail coverts pale blue, centre of abdomen red; dull red confined to lesser and innermost median wing coverts; underwing band present.

Colour Juvenile:

As in female; with some emerald green on face and breast of male; underwing band present.

Call:

Calls described as sweet and plaintive piping sounds; also sharp musical notes reported from pair bothered by honey-eaters.

More Information:

Wikipedia
Handbook of the Birds of the World

Content Sources:

CITES
BirdLife International
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1977. 2010 edition
Vanished and Vanishing Parrots, Forshaw, 2017.
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Paradise Parrot, 1922
© C.H.H. Jerrard

Did You Know?

The last confirmed sighting of this bird was in 1927.

Academic Research

Related publications: Psephotellus pulcherrimus

Species Care

Captive Status:

Not found in captivity.

Longevity:

Not recorded.

Housing:

Not recorded.

Diet:

Not recorded.

Enrichment:

Not recorded.

Nest Box Size:

Not recorded.

Clutch Size:

3-5 eggs.

Incubation Time:

Not recorded.

Fledging Age:

Not recorded.

Hatch Weight:

Not recorded.

Peak Weight:

Not recorded.

Weaning Weight:

Not recorded.

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Paradise Parrot, 1922
© C.H.H. Jerrard

Did You Know?

The last confirmed sighting of this bird was in 1927.

Academic Research

Related publications: Psephotellus pulcherrimus

Species Wild Status

World Population:

None

IUCN Red List Status:

Extinct

CITES Listing:

Appendix I

Threat Summary:

Decline was caused by reduction in grass food supply due to overgrazing, fire, and drought; also the spread of prickly pears. Trapping for pet trade and egg collecting, as well as predation of nests by introduced species, also hastened its demise.

Range:

Formerly CE Australia, from the Tropic of Capricorn, C Queensland, south to NE New South Wales at lat. 29 degrees, 40min S.

Habitat:

Formerly found in open grassy habitats, with Eucalypt and scattered termite mounds. Also found in scrubby grassland and along wooded watercourses.

Wild Diet:

Foraged for grass seeds.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Usually found in pairs; gathered fallen seeds from ground or stipped seedheads from standing grasses. Were fairly approachable.

Clutch and Egg Size:

3-5 rounded eggs, 21.0 x 17.5mm (0.8 x 0.7 in).

Breeding Season:

Records from September, December, and March.

Related Links:

Australian Government Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Paradise Parrot, 1922
© C.H.H. Jerrard

Did You Know?

The last confirmed sighting of this bird was in 1927.

Academic Research

Related publications: Psephotellus pulcherrimus

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