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Plum-crowned Parrot

 (Pionus tumultuosus)

Also known as: Plum-crowned Pionus, Tschudi's Parrot, Restless Parrot, Speckle-faced Parrot

Click photo to visit gallery

Companion Plum-crowned Parrot
© Anthony Snell

Did You Know?

The Plum-crowned Parrot is also called the Restless Parrot, due to its flighty, nervous behaviour.

Academic Research

Related publications: Pionus tumultuosus

Species Profile

Genus: Pionus | Species: tumultuosus

Size:

29cm (11.3 in)

Weight:

250g (8.75 oz)

Races including nominate:

one

Colour Adult:

Both adults generally green, paler on underparts; dark red crown and nape; red feathers on sides of head tipped with purple, with visible white bases; wine/purple hindneck and sides of neck to breast; red undertail coverts tinted with purple; green tail with red at base. Bill olive/yellow. Eye ring bare and pale grey. Eye brown.

Colour Juvenile:

Dark green nape and hindcrown; rose/red throat; green cheeks and breast; yellow/green undertail coverts, marked with pink.

Call:

Calls described as distinctive; those made in flight are smooth notes with a laughing quality, or harsher sounds. While perched emits nasal tones.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1

More Information:

AvianWeb
Avibase
Handbook of the Birds of the World

Content Sources:

CITES
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
ML Media Collection Catalogue 68650, Plum-crowned Parrot Pionus tumultuosis, Schwartz, Paul, Merida, Venezuela, Apr. 19 1970, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006. 2010 edition
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.
Psittacine Aviculture, Schubot, Clubb and Clubb, 1992.

Click photo to visit gallery

Companion Plum-crowned Parrot
© Anthony Snell

Did You Know?

The Plum-crowned Parrot is also called the Restless Parrot, due to its flighty, nervous behaviour.

Academic Research

Related publications: Pionus tumultuosus

Species Care

Captive Status:

Rare

Longevity:

35-45 yrs

Housing:

Aviary or suspended enclosure, minimum length 2-3m (6.5-9.8 ft).

Diet:

Fruits such as: apple, pear, orange, banana, pomegranate, cactus fruits, forming about 30 percent of the diet; vegetables such as: carrot, celery, green beans, peas in the pod; fresh corn; green leaves such as: Swiss chard, lettuce, sowthistle, dandelion, chickweed; spray millet; small seed mix such as: canary, millet, and smaller amounts of oats, buckwheat, safflower and a little hemp; soaked or sprouted sunflower seed; cooked beans and pulses, boiled maize and complete kibble.

Enrichment:

Vigorous chewers so provide bird-safe, unsprayed flowering, fir, pine or willow branches; wooden block toys, vegetable tanned leather toys, heat sterilized pine cones, swings, ladders and ropes. Like to bathe so provide overhead misters or shallow bowls of water.

Nest Box Size:

Vertical box 12" x 12" x 18-24" (30.5cm x 30.5cm x 46-61cm).

Clutch Size:

4

Incubation Time:

27 days

Fledging Age:

9-10 weeks

Hatch Weight:

Not recorded.

Peak Weight:

Not recorded.

Weaning Weight:

Not recorded.

Click photo to visit gallery

Companion Plum-crowned Parrot
© Anthony Snell

Did You Know?

The Plum-crowned Parrot is also called the Restless Parrot, due to its flighty, nervous behaviour.

Academic Research

Related publications: Pionus tumultuosus

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Unknown, decreasing.

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

Possible decline in some areas due to deforestation.

Range:

Mountains of C and S Peru, south from Carpish region, Huanuco, to N Bolivia, in La Paz, Cochabamba, and Santa Cruz.

Habitat:

Found from 1400 to 3300m (4592-10,824 ft) in humid forest in the subtropical zone and tall cloud forest with bamboo thickets; in temperate zone in elfin woodland, wooded ravines and open areas with trees.

Wild Diet:

Feeds on fruits, seeds and may take crops.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Gregarious and noisy. Seen in singles, pairs or small flocks. Are sometimes approachable in the wild.

Clutch and Egg Size:

4 eggs

Breeding Season:

Begins November

Related Links:

Wikipedia
Cornell Lab of Ornithology Neotropical Birds

Click photo to visit gallery

Companion Plum-crowned Parrot
© Anthony Snell

Did You Know?

The Plum-crowned Parrot is also called the Restless Parrot, due to its flighty, nervous behaviour.

Academic Research

Related publications: Pionus tumultuosus

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