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Puerto Rican Amazon

 (Amazona vittata)

Also known as: Puerto Rican Parrot, Red-fronted Amazon

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Puerto Rican Amazon
© Tom MacKenzie | Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

Hurricanes are a major threat to the Puerto Rican Amazon and many other Central American parrot species.

Programs & Projects

WPT has worked with numerous partners to help save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona vittata

Species Profile

Genus: Amazona | Species: vittata

Size:

29 cm (11.3 in)

Weight:

320g (11.2 oz)

Races including nominate:

one, subspecies gracilipes extinct.

Colour Adult:

A.v. vittata: Both adults mostly green, medium sized parrots; yellow on underparts, the feathers scalloped with soft black; red lores and frontal band; dark blue primary coverts and primary feathers; tail green with red at base. Bill yellow/horn in colour. Eye ring white. Eye brown.
A.v. graciliceps (extinct): Both adults as in vittata but smaller in size and with smaller, more slender feet.

Colour Juvenile:

As in adults but with pale yellow bill with grey at base of upper mandible.

Call:

Large range of whistles, squawks, horn like sounds; complex repertoire which may be individual to each bird.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1

More Information:

Avibase
Handbook of the Birds of the World
USDA Forest Service

Content Sources:

CITES
Arkive
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006. 2010 edition
Vanished and Vanishing Parrots, Forshaw, 2017.
ML Media Collection Catalogue 8467, Puerto Rican Parrot Amazona vittata, Kepler, Cameron, Puerto Rico, Jan. 26 1971, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots: Status Survey and Conservation Plan 2000-2004, Snyder, McGowan, Gilardi and Grajal, 2000.
 

Click photo to visit gallery

Puerto Rican Amazon
© Tom MacKenzie | Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

Hurricanes are a major threat to the Puerto Rican Amazon and many other Central American parrot species.

Programs & Projects

WPT has worked with numerous partners to help save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona vittata

Species Care

Captive Status:

In captive breeding programmes.

Longevity:

Not recorded.

Housing:

Breeding facilities at El Yunque and Rio Abajo, Puerto Rico.

Diet:

Variety of wild fruits and other wild vegetation.

Enrichment:

Not recorded.

Nest Box Size:

Not recorded.

Clutch Size:

2 to 4

Incubation Time:

26 days

Fledging Age:

About 9 weeks.

Hatch Weight:

About 10-12g.

Peak Weight:

Not recorded.

Weaning Weight:

Not recorded.

Click photo to visit gallery

Puerto Rican Amazon
© Tom MacKenzie | Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

Hurricanes are a major threat to the Puerto Rican Amazon and many other Central American parrot species.

Programs & Projects

WPT has worked with numerous partners to help save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona vittata

Species Wild Status

World Population:

In 2018 estimates are about 600, including the breeding programme.

IUCN Red List Status:

Critically Endangered

CITES Listing:

Appendix I

Threat Summary:

Mainly habitat loss; also hunting, wild bird trade and hurricanes. Remaining habitat protected within Caribbean National Forest.

Range:

Puerto Rico and formerly neighbouring islands of Mona and Culebra; possibly Vieques and St. Thomas.

Habitat:

Formerly found in all vegetation types from mangrove to montane forest with the exception of dry forest in south of Puerto Rico. Reminant population found in moist montane forest between 200-600m (656-1968 ft).

Wild Diet:

Birds feed on Ficus and jagua (Genipa americana) fruits, and the nuts of Chrysobalanus icaco. Also takes Dacryodes and allied species' seeds. In the Luquillo rainforest birds were recorded taking fruits, seeds, flowers and leaves from up to 60 species of plant.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Found generally in pairs. Aggressively territorial when breeding. Formerly found in large flocks.

Clutch and Egg Size:

2 to 4, 35.5 x 28.5mm (1.4 x 1.1 in).

Breeding Season:

February-June.

Related Links:

Wikipedia
Cornell Lab of Ornithology Neotropical Birds

Click photo to visit gallery

Puerto Rican Amazon
© Tom MacKenzie | Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

Hurricanes are a major threat to the Puerto Rican Amazon and many other Central American parrot species.

Programs & Projects

WPT has worked with numerous partners to help save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona vittata

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