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Purple-bellied Parrot

 (Triclaria malachitacea)

Also known as: Blue-bellied Parrot, Purple-breasted Parrot, Violet-bellied Parrot

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Purple-bellied Parrot
© Ron Hoff

Did You Know?

The male Purple-bellied Parrot displays by walking with head lowered and mantle raised, pushing his beak along the perch. He spreads his tail and sings while shaking his head quickly, then rubs his bill on the branch. The female shakes her head and sings.

Academic Research

Related publications: Triclaria malachitacea

Species Profile

Genus: Triclaria | Species: malachitacea

Size:

28cm (11 in)

Weight:

110-155g (3.8-5.4 oz)

Races including nominate:

one

Colour Adult:

Male-an all-green parrot, with purple/blue on centre of abdomen and lower breast. Bill pale horn in colour. Eye ring grey. Eye brown. Female-underparts green.

Colour Juvenile:

As in adults but males show minimal purple/blue on centre of abdomen, and lower breast is green.

Call:

Calls are described as distinctive and song-like; trilling notes. Also rapidly repeated squeaking notes. Captive birds have been heard to duet with one another.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1

More Information:

Avibase
Arkive
AvianWeb
Handbook of the Birds of the World

Content Sources:

CITES
Lexicon of Parrots
Internet Bird Collection
BirdLife International
A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
ML Media Collection Catalogue 91011 Purple-bellied Parrot Triclaria malachitacea, Bencke, Glayson, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, Jun. 8 1996, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots: Status Survey and Conservation Plan 2000-2004, Snyder, McGowan, Gilardi, Grajal, 2000.
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006. 2010 edition
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.
Parrots: Their Care and Breeding, Low, 1986.

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Purple-bellied Parrot
© Ron Hoff

Did You Know?

The male Purple-bellied Parrot displays by walking with head lowered and mantle raised, pushing his beak along the perch. He spreads his tail and sings while shaking his head quickly, then rubs his bill on the branch. The female shakes her head and sings.

Academic Research

Related publications: Triclaria malachitacea

Species Care

Captive Status:

Rare

Longevity:

Not recorded.

Housing:

Walk-in, planted enclosure, minimum length 3m (9.8 ft).

Diet:

Fruits such as: apple, pear, orange, banana, cactus fruits, pomegranate, forming about 30 percent of the diet; vegetables such as: carrot, celery, green beans and peas in the pod; fresh corn; green leaves such as: Swiss chard, lettuce, sowthistle, dandelion, chickweed; spray millet; small seed mix such as: canary, millet and smaller amounts of buckwheat, oats, safflower and a little hemp; soaked and spouted sunflower seeds; cooked beans and pulses, complete kibble.

Enrichment:

Provide as large an aviary as possible, planted, so this bird may have privacy and security. Fares better with other birds present; is more active and lively. Provide loose, bird-safe, unsprayed chewable branches (flowering, fir, pine, elder or willow).

Nest Box Size:

Vertical box 10" x 10" x 24" (25.4cm x 25.4cm x 61cm).

Clutch Size:

4

Incubation Time:

Probably about 29 days.

Fledging Age:

55-56 days

Hatch Weight:

7g (0.2 oz)

Peak Weight:

Not recorded.

Weaning Weight:

Not recorded.

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Purple-bellied Parrot
© Ron Hoff

Did You Know?

The male Purple-bellied Parrot displays by walking with head lowered and mantle raised, pushing his beak along the perch. He spreads his tail and sings while shaking his head quickly, then rubs his bill on the branch. The female shakes her head and sings.

Academic Research

Related publications: Triclaria malachitacea

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Unknown, decreasing.

IUCN Red List Status:

Near Threatened

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

Extensive habitat and tree loss from agriculture, urbanization and palmito collection. To a lesser extent, the wild bird trade has also affected this species.

Range:

Coastal S Brazil, from S Bahia and E Minas Gerais south to Rio Grande do Sul, and NE Argentina, in N Misiones.

Habitat:

Found from 300-700m (984-2296 ft) in wet lower montane forest, bromeliad rich areas, cultivated areas and sometimes suburban areas.

Wild Diet:

Feeds on fruits, seeds, buds, bark, nectar and insects and their larvae. Fruits most notably from Euphorbiaceae.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Resident, with movements outside of breeding season. Usually seen in pairs or small groups. Quiet and shy. Active in early morning and again at dusk, feeding in lower to middle stages of the canopy.

Clutch and Egg Size:

4 eggs, 31.5 x 25.0mm (1.2 x 1 in).

Breeding Season:

July-October

Related Links:

Wikipedia
Cornell Lab of Ornithology Neotropical Birds

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Purple-bellied Parrot
© Ron Hoff

Did You Know?

The male Purple-bellied Parrot displays by walking with head lowered and mantle raised, pushing his beak along the perch. He spreads his tail and sings while shaking his head quickly, then rubs his bill on the branch. The female shakes her head and sings.

Academic Research

Related publications: Triclaria malachitacea

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