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Red-bellied Macaw

 (Orthopsittaca manilatus)
 
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Red-bellied Macaw
© AC Moraes | Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

Red-bellied macaws are one of the most difficult parrots to breed in captivity due to their lack of ability to adapt to captive conditions.

Academic Research

Related publications: Orthopsittaca manilatus

Species Profile

Genus: Orthopsittaca | Species: manilatus

Size:

46cm (18 in)

Weight:

300g (10.5 oz)

Races including nominate:

one

Colour Adult:

Both adults medium sized green macaws with roughened skin on bare yellow face; blue wash on forecrown; grey scalloping pattern on green chest; brown/red mid abdomen to vent; dull yellow on underwings and undertail. Bill grey/black. Eye brown.

Colour Juvenile:

As in adult but upper mandible grey, lower mandible pale grey.

Call:

High-pitched; wailing in flight. Other notes loud and rhythmical.  Purring sounds while feeding. Flocks may be loud.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1 | Video 2

More Information:

AvianWeb
Avibase
National Geographic Photo Ark
Handbook of the Birds of the World

Content Sources:

CITES
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998.
ML Media Collection Catalogue 29346, Red-bellied Macaw Orthopsittaca manilata, Parker, Theodore A., III, Loreto, Peru, Jun. 1 1982, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1977.
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006. 2010 edition
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.
Parrots: Their Care and Breeding, Low, 1986.
Psittacine Aviculture, Schubot, Clubb and Clubb, 1992.

Click photo to visit gallery

Red-bellied Macaw
© AC Moraes | Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

Red-bellied macaws are one of the most difficult parrots to breed in captivity due to their lack of ability to adapt to captive conditions.

Academic Research

Related publications: Orthopsittaca manilatus

Species Care

Captive Status:

Uncommon

Longevity:

May live up to 40 yrs in the wild.

Housing:

Aviary or suspended enclosure, minimum length 4m (13.1 ft), or 3m (9.8 ft) for breeding with access to larger flight for rest of year.

Diet:

Mixture of small seeds; canary, oats, safflower, millet spray, limited sunflower; sprouted mung beans, cooked butterbeans and lentils; corn on the cob, green leaves of spinach, Swiss chard, lettuce, sowthistle, dandelion and chickweed, emphasis on fresh fruit and vegetables daily, palm fruits if available; nuts: walnuts, hazelnuts, pecans, roasted peanuts, complete pellet for macaws.

Enrichment:

Are chewers; always provide bird-safe wood (fir, pine, willow and elder) and limbs for them to chew; heat sterilized pine cones, vegetable tanned leather toys. Enjoys bathing, so provide overhead misters or shallow water bowls.

Nest Box Size:

12" x 12" x 18" (30.5cm x 30.5cm x 46cm) vertical box.

Clutch Size:

2 to 4

Incubation Time:

25 days

Fledging Age:

11 weeks

Hatch Weight:

13g (0.45 oz)

Peak Weight:

Not recorded.

Weaning Weight:

Not recorded.

Click photo to visit gallery

Red-bellied Macaw
© AC Moraes | Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

Red-bellied macaws are one of the most difficult parrots to breed in captivity due to their lack of ability to adapt to captive conditions.

Academic Research

Related publications: Orthopsittaca manilatus

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Unknown, stable.

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

Population thought to be stable, however, dependent on Mauritia palm fruits, which are heavily used in confectionary manufacture and trunks of palms for construction, all of which may have consequences for the future.

Range:

Trinidad, Guianas, E Venezuela to S Colombia, E Ecuador, E Peru, N Bolivia to Amazonian Brazil.

Habitat:

Found up to 500m (1640 ft); dependent on the Moriche palm (Mauritia flexuosa), which are found in swampy or seasonally flooded areas; also found in dense moist forest, gallery forest and open savannas and grasslands.

Wild Diet:

Feeds mostly on Moriche palm (Mauritia flexuosa) fruits, but berries and other fruits taken.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Gregarious birds with flocks of up to 100 reported, roosts in Moriche palms (Mauritia flexuosa), occasionally nomadic into cultivated areas.

Clutch and Egg Size:

2 to 4, ellipitical eggs, 42.5 x 27.0mm (1.6 x 1 in).

Breeding Season:

Trinidad: February and September. Colombia: February-May. Guyana: February-June.

Related Links:

Wikipedia
Cornell Lab of Ornithology Neotropical Birds

Click photo to visit gallery

Red-bellied Macaw
© AC Moraes | Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

Red-bellied macaws are one of the most difficult parrots to breed in captivity due to their lack of ability to adapt to captive conditions.

Academic Research

Related publications: Orthopsittaca manilatus

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