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Red-fronted Parakeet

 (Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae)

Also known as: Red-fronted Kakariki, Red-crowned Parakeet or Kakariki, New Zealand Parakeet

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Red-fronted Parakeet
© Steve Murphy

Did You Know?

The Red-fronted Parakeet is also called the Red-fronted Kakariki - "kakariki" in Maori means "little parrot."

Academic Research

Related publications: Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae

Species Profile

Genus: Cyanoramphus | Species: novaezelandiae

Size:

27cm (10.5 in)

Weight:

50-113g (1.75-3.9 oz)

Races including nominate:

six: C.n. novaezelandiae, C.n. cyanurus, C.n. chathamensis, C.n. hochstetteri, C.n. erythrotis, C.n. subflavecens

Colour Adult:

C.n. novaezelandiae: Both adults red forehead, crown, band from lores to behind eyes and patch on each side of rump; purple/blue outer webs of flight feathers; underparts yellow/green. Bill silver/grey tipped with dark grey. Eye red.
C.n. cyanurus: Both adults as in novaezelandiae, but varying blue wash to upperparts; less yellow on underparts, more blue/green; darker blue wash on outer webs of flight feathers; blue wash on tail.
C.n. chathamensis Both adults as in novaezelandiae, but face bright green; underparts more yellow; slightly larger in size.
C.n. hochstetteri: Both adults more yellow/green in general; orange/red markings on head and sides of rump; outer webs of flight feathers paler blue; larger in size.
C.n. erythrotis: Both adults as in hochstetteri, but outer webs of flight feathers pale green/blue. Extinct.
C.n. subflavescens: Both adults as in cookii, but in general more yellow in body colour, particularly on cheeks and underparts; red markings on head less extensive. Extinct.

Colour Juvenile:

C.n. novaezelandiae: As in adults but with less red markings on head; tail shorter. Eye pale brown.

Call:

Calls heard are distinctive; in flight or when alarmed a prolonged, repetitive series of notes. When feeding emits subdued notes; while perched calls are three syllable notes or soft, musical sounds.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1 | Video 2

More Information:

AvianWeb
Avibase
Handbook of the Birds of the World

Content Sources:

CITES
Feisty Feathers
Lexicon of Parrots
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
ML Media Collection Catalogue 136049, Red-fronted Parakeet Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae, Medler, Matthew, Aukland, New Zealand, Mar. 13 2004, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots: Status Survey and Conservation Plan 2000-2004, Snyder, McGowan, Gilardi, Grajal.
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1977. 2010 edition
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.
Parrots: Their Care and Breeding, Low, 1986.

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Red-fronted Parakeet
© Steve Murphy

Did You Know?

The Red-fronted Parakeet is also called the Red-fronted Kakariki - "kakariki" in Maori means "little parrot."

Academic Research

Related publications: Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae

Species Care

Captive Status:

Common

Longevity:

10+ yrs

Housing:

Walk-in enclosure, minimum length 3m (9.8 ft).

Diet:

Small seed mix such as: canary, millet and smaller amounts of oats, buckwheat, safflower and a little hemp; limited sunflower seed; spray millet; green leaves such as: Swiss chard, lettuce, sowthistle, dandelion, chickweed; seeding grasses; rearing food made from hard-boiled egg, wholegrain bread and carrot, all ground to crumbly consistency; complete pellet.

Enrichment:

Love to climb, therefore provide ladders, ropes and swings; not a vigorous chewer. Provide large flight for exercise. Provide areas for bathing.

Nest Box Size:

Vertical box 8" x 8" x 14" (20.3cm x 20.3cm x 35.5cm).

Clutch Size:

5-9

Incubation Time:

19 days

Fledging Age:

5-6 weeks

Hatch Weight:

Not recorded.

Peak Weight:

Not recorded.

Weaning Weight:

Not recorded.

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Red-fronted Parakeet
© Steve Murphy

Did You Know?

The Red-fronted Parakeet is also called the Red-fronted Kakariki - "kakariki" in Maori means "little parrot."

Academic Research

Related publications: Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae

Species Wild Status

World Population:

24,700-53,000

IUCN Red List Status:

Near Threatened

CITES Listing:

Appendix I

Threat Summary:

Erythrotis and subflavescens both extinct; populations declining due to habitat loss and introduced predators. Both extinct subspecies were also hunted for food and persecuted as crop pests.

Range:

C.n. novaezelandiae: New Zealand, including offshore islands and Auckland Islands.
C.n. cyanurus: Kermadec Islands, New Zealand.
C.n. chathamensis: Chatham Islands, New Zealand.
C.n. hochstetteri: Antipodes Islands, New Zealand.
C.n. erythrotis: Formerly Macquarie Island.
C.n. subflavescens: Formerly Lord Howe Island, Australia.

Habitat:

Found in native forest on mainland New Zealand, open scrub on some offshore islands and tussock grassland on Antipodes Island.

Wild Diet:

Feeds on fruits, seeds, leaves, buds, berries, flowers, nectar and shoots; also invertebrates, honeydew and seaweed and small limpets.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Are most often seen in pairs which remain together throughout the year. Larger groups gather at food sources. Flocks also form to bathe in intertidal pools and roost communally. Birds feed actively in early morning, resting and preening during the day and feeding again in the afternoon.

Clutch and Egg Size:

5-9 broadly elliptical eggs, 26.0 x 21.5mm (1 x 0.8 in).

Breeding Season:

October-March

Related Links:

Wikipedia
New Zealand Birds Online
Article: New Zealand a Noah's Ark for conserving bizarre birds, Karin Muller, National Geographic

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Red-fronted Parakeet
© Steve Murphy

Did You Know?

The Red-fronted Parakeet is also called the Red-fronted Kakariki - "kakariki" in Maori means "little parrot."

Academic Research

Related publications: Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae

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