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Red Shining Parrot

 (Prosopeia tabuensis)

Also known as: Red-breasted Musk Parrot, Maroon Musk Parrot, Maroon Parrot, Crimson Shining Parrot

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Red Shining Parrot
© Aviceda | Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

The Red Shining Parrot chews into wood to extract insect larvae, a favourite food.

Academic Research

Related publications: Prosopeia tabuensis

Species Profile

Genus: Prosopeia | Species: tabuensis

Size:

45cm (17.5 in)

Weight:

280g (9.8 oz)

Races including nominate:

two: P.t. tabuensis, P.t. taviuensis

Colour Adult:

P.t. tabuensis: Both adults have variable plumage; red/black face; rest of head brown/red, darker on hindcheeks; underparts dark maroon; dark blue collar across upper mantle, obvious in some birds but in others narrow and nearly absent; upperparts and tail green, feathers on rump in some individuals edged with maroon. Bill grey/black. Dark grey eye ring. Eye orange/yellow.
P.t. taviuensis: Both adults as in tabuensis but with no blue collar; no maroon edging to feathers on rump; face less black; smaller in size.

Colour Juvenile:

As in adults but with horn coloured bill with grey streaking; pale eye ring and brown eye.

Call:

Described as loud and squawking, repeated in bursts. Also grating notes, and soft ra-ra-ra-ra when perched.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1 | Video 2

More Information:

Avibase
Handbook of the Birds of the World

Content Sources:

CITES
Lexicon of Parrots
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1977. 2010 edition
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Red Shining Parrot
© Aviceda | Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

The Red Shining Parrot chews into wood to extract insect larvae, a favourite food.

Academic Research

Related publications: Prosopeia tabuensis

Species Care

Captive Status:

Very rare

Longevity:

Not recorded.

Housing:

Walk-in enclosure, minimum length 4.5m (14.7 ft).

Diet:

Fruit such as: apple, pear, orange, banana, cactus fruits, pomegranate, etc, forming about 30 percent of diet; vegetables such as: carrot, celery, green peas and beans, corn; green leaves such as: Swiss chard, lettuce, sowthistle, dandelion, chickweed; spray millet; small seed mix such as: canary, millet and smaller amounts of oats, buckwheat and safflower; soaked and sprouted sunflower seed; cooked beans and other pulses, and complete pellet.

Enrichment:

Enjoys bathing, so provide overhead misters or shallow water bowls; bird-safe fresh branches with flowers, also fir, willow and pine branches; chew toys. Enjoys flying, provide lots of space in aviary.

Nest Box Size:

12" x 12" x 40" (30.5cm x 30.5cm x 101.6cm) vertical box.

Clutch Size:

1 to 4

Incubation Time:

24-25 days

Fledging Age:

8 weeks

Hatch Weight:

13g (0.45 oz)

Peak Weight:

Not recorded.

Weaning Weight:

Not recorded.

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Red Shining Parrot
© Aviceda | Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

The Red Shining Parrot chews into wood to extract insect larvae, a favourite food.

Academic Research

Related publications: Prosopeia tabuensis

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Unknown, decreasing.

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

There has been a sharp decline overall in some areas due to habitat loss.

Range:

P.t. tabuensis: Vanua Levu, Kioa, Koro, and Gau, Fiji Islands; also introduced to Tonga Is.
P.t. taviuensis: Tavieuni, Qamea and Laucala, Fiji Islands.

Habitat:

Found in mature forest and other habitats including secondary growth forest, forested valleys (for breeding), coconut plantations, village gardens, farmland, mangroves and scrub. Up to 1250m (4100 ft).

Wild Diet:

Eats mango, pawpaw, guava and bananas. Also insect larvae and some cultivated crops such as corn.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Are found singly, in pairs or in flocks of up to 40 birds outside the breeding season.

Clutch and Egg Size:

1 to 4 rounded eggs, 38.5 x 30.0mm (1.5 x 1.2 in).

Breeding Season:

June-January

Related Links:

Wikipedia
 

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Red Shining Parrot
© Aviceda | Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

The Red Shining Parrot chews into wood to extract insect larvae, a favourite food.

Academic Research

Related publications: Prosopeia tabuensis

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