Member Login

Username

Password

Auto-login for future visits

Join or Renew Today!

Membership Benefits:

Close Button

Ringneck Parakeet

 (Psittacula krameri)

Also known as: Rose-ringed Parakeet, Green Parakeet, Long-tailed Parakeet, Senegal Long-tailed Parakeet, Northern Rose-ringed Parakeet (P.k. borealis)

Click photo to visit gallery

Male and female Ringneck Parakeets
© By Karthik Easvur via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

The Indian Ringneck and the African Ringneck have the widest distribution of any parrot species.

Academic Research

Related publications: Psittacula krameri

Species Profile

Genus: Psittacula | Species: krameri

Size:

40 cm (15.6 in)

Weight:

116-140g (4.1-5 oz)

Races including nominate:

four: P.k. krameri, P.k. parvirostris, P.k. borealis, P.k. manillensis (which has numerous colour mutations)

Colourization Adult:

P.k. krameri: Male-in general green/yellow, black chin and wide black stripe across lower cheeks; pink collar around hindneck; nape of neck washed with blue; upper mandible dark red tipped with black, lower mandible black with dark red at base; thighs green. Eye yellow. Female-no head markings; faint yellow/green collar; shorter tail.
P.k. parvirostris: As in krameri but head and cheeks greener, less yellow; smaller bill with brighter red upper mandible.           
P.k. borealis: Plumage green without yellow; male, sides of head behind ears blue suffusion; all-red larger bill; larger in size.
P.k. manillensis: Similar to borealis but lower mandible black; male, facial marks and pink collar more noticeable.

Colourization Juvenile:

P.k krameri:  As in female but bill paler. Eye grey coloured.       
P.k. borealis: As in adult. 
P.k. manillensis: As in adult.

Call:

Very vocal, noisy, especially at communal roosts.  Wide variety of shrieks, whistles and other sounds.  Calls often delivered in bursts of 3-6 followed by a pause and are shrill or harsh, or soft and more musical.  Birds call while in flight.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1 | Video 2 | Video 3

More Information:

Avibase
Birdsnways
Handbook of the Birds of the World

Content Sources:

CITES
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1977. 2010 edition
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.
Parrots: Their Care and Breeding, Low, 1986.

Click photo to visit gallery

Male and female Ringneck Parakeets
© By Karthik Easvur via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

The Indian Ringneck and the African Ringneck have the widest distribution of any parrot species.

Academic Research

Related publications: Psittacula krameri

Species Care

Captive Status:

Widespread in captivity.

Longevity:

25-30 yrs

Housing:

Walk-in aviary, minimum length 4.5m (14.7 ft).

Diet:

Small seed mixture such as: canary, millet, small amounts of oats, buckwheat, safflower, sunflower; spray millet, green leaves, seeding grasses; variety of fruits such as: apple, orange, banana if accepted; complete kibble.

Enrichment:

Provide bird-safe chewable wood and heat sterlized pine cones, vegetable tanned leather toys, foot toys; climbing ropes, ladders, swings, push and pull toys. Also provide overhead misters or shallow water bowls for bathing.

Nest Box Size:

Vertical box, 12" x 12" x 18" (30.5cm x 30.5cm x 45.7cm).

Clutch Size:

4 to 6

Incubation Time:

23-34 days

Fledging Age:

7 weeks

Hatch Weight:

5g (0.2 oz)

Peak Weight:

Around 130g (4.5 oz)

Weaning Weight:

120g (4.2 oz)

Click photo to visit gallery

Male and female Ringneck Parakeets
© By Karthik Easvur via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

The Indian Ringneck and the African Ringneck have the widest distribution of any parrot species.

Academic Research

Related publications: Psittacula krameri

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Unknown, increasing.

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern

CITES Listing:

Not categorised

Threat Summary:

Has increased in numbers due to expansion of agriculture. Appears to be no threats at present.

Range:

P.k. krameri: Occurs in NC Africa from southern Mauritania east to S Sudan and N Uganda.
P.k. parvirostris: Sennar district, E Sudan through Eritrea and N Ethiopia to Djibouti and occasionally N Somalia.
P.k. borealis: N Pakistan and N India, and Nepal east to C Burma.
P.k. manillensis: Sri Lanka, Rameswaram Island, and mainland India.

Habitat:

Found in wide range of woodland types from secondary tropical forest, riparian woodland, mangroves, savanna, open farmland with scattered trees and parks and gardens in urban areas. Occurs up to 2000m (6560 ft) (Africa).

Wild Diet:

Eats cereal grasses, weed and tree seeds, fruit, nuts, flowers and nectar; cultivated citrus fruits, sunflower and maize.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Highly adaptable species; roosts communally, often with other species such as crows, mynas or other parrots. Very social especially outside of breeding season. Non-territorial, forming flocks of several thousand birds at a time.

Clutch and Egg Size:

4 to 6 broad oval eggs, 30.5 x 24.0mm (1.2 x 0.9 in).

Breeding Season:

Breeds in January-April, sometimes July.

Related Links:

BBC News Education
Royal Society for the Protection of Birds

Click photo to visit gallery

Male and female Ringneck Parakeets
© By Karthik Easvur via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

The Indian Ringneck and the African Ringneck have the widest distribution of any parrot species.

Academic Research

Related publications: Psittacula krameri

Members Only Resources

Please log-in now to find more research, resources and tools.

Not a Member?

Find more great information:

Gain exclusive access to 600+ pages of additional research, seminars and podcasts, specialists to ask your toughest questions, and dozens of other fun resources - when you become a WPT member.

Already a Member?

Encyclopedia

Search by:
Common Name


Geographic Location


Type of Parrot


Taxonomic Name


Sign Up to Stay Informed




Become A WPT Member Check out the Latest Podcasts