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White-bellied Parrot

 (Pionites leucogaster)

Also known as: White-bellied Caique

Click photo to visit gallery

White-bellied Parrots at ironwood tree cavity
© Matt Denton

Did You Know?

The White-bellied Caique is one of the two species of parrot with white bellies; the other being the Black-headed Caique.

Academic Research

Related publications: Pionites leucogaster

Species Profile

Genus: Pionites | Species: leucogaster

Size:

23cm (9 in)

Weight:

165-170g (5.8-6 oz)

Races including nominate:

three: P.l. leucogaster, P.l. xanthurus, P.l. xanthomerius

Colour Adult:

P.l. leucogaster: Both adults apricot crown, nape, hindneck and upper ear coverts; yellow lores throat and sides of head; green upperparts; secondary feathers with blue margins; creamy white breast and abdomen; green thighs; undertail coverts yellow; underwing coverts green; uppertail green. Bill horn coloured. Eye ring bare and pink. Eye orange/red.
P.l. xanthurus: Both adults in general paler; yellow thighs, flanks, undertail coverts and all of tail; rump and upper tail coverts yellow, mixed with green.
P.l. xanthomerius: Both adults yellow thighs and flanks; tail green.

Colour Juvenile:

P.l. leucogaster: Dark feathers in apricot cap; white belly flecked with yellow. Eye ring grey, eye brown.

Call:

Wide variety of calls, including whistles, chirrups, and shrieks. Loud alarm call.  Also songlike.  Low soft growl in captive birds.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1 | Video 2

More Information:

Avibase

Content Sources:

CITES
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
Rare Species Conservatory Foundation
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
ML Media Collection Catalogue 126885, White-bellied Parrot Pionites leucogaster, Marantz, Curtis, Mato Grosso, Brazil, Aug. 26 2005, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
D. Milpacher, World Parrot Trust, pers. comm.
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1989. 2010 edition
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.
Psittacine Aviculture, Schubot, Clubb and Clubb, 1992.

Click photo to visit gallery

White-bellied Parrots at ironwood tree cavity
© Matt Denton

Did You Know?

The White-bellied Caique is one of the two species of parrot with white bellies; the other being the Black-headed Caique.

Academic Research

Related publications: Pionites leucogaster

Species Care

Captive Status:

Uncommon

Longevity:

25-40 yrs

Housing:

Aviary or suspended cage, minimum length 2m (6.5 ft).

Diet:

Mixture of soaked, sprouted or dry seed, sprouted beans, fresh vegetables such as: carrot, peas in the pod, kale, broccolini, red pepper; emphasis on fresh fruit such as: apple, orange, banana, pomegranate, berries, kiwi fruit, pear apple, pears, mangos, papaya; millet sprays, complete kibble.

Enrichment:

Foot toys, bird safe chewable branches of pine, fir, elder or willow, sterilized pine cones, hanging toys, ladders, vegetable tanned leather knotted toys, puzzle toys, bathing, socialization.

Nest Box Size:

Vertical box 12" x 12" x 18" (30.5cm x 30.5cm x 46cm).

Clutch Size:

2 to 4

Incubation Time:

Around 25 days

Fledging Age:

10 weeks

Hatch Weight:

7g (0.2 oz)

Peak Weight:

150-180g (5.25-6.3 oz)

Weaning Weight:

150-165g (5.25-5.8 oz)

Click photo to visit gallery

White-bellied Parrots at ironwood tree cavity
© Matt Denton

Did You Know?

The White-bellied Caique is one of the two species of parrot with white bellies; the other being the Black-headed Caique.

Academic Research

Related publications: Pionites leucogaster

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Unknown, decreasing.

IUCN Red List Status:

IUCN recognises three species: Pionites leucogaster (EN), P. xanthurus (VU) and P. xanthomerius (LC)

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

Some trapping; declining locally (E Amazonia) due to deforestation and possibly extinct in Santa Cruz, Bolivia.

Range:

P.l. leucogaster: South of Amazon River in N Brazil from NW Maranhao and E Para to NW Mato Grosso and west to lower Rio Madeira, NE Amazonas.
P.l. xanthurus: W Amazonia in N Brazil, from Rio Madeira catchment in Amazonas and N Rondonia west to Rio Jurua, W Amazonas.
P.l. xanthomerius: W Amazonas, N Brazil and E Peru to N Bolivia.

Habitat:

Found in lowland forest; also in drier areas in south (where less common). Up to 800m (2624 ft).

Wild Diet:

Feeds high in forest canopy, where they eat seeds, fruit and berries.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Social, often seen in the company of Blue-headed Pionus in E Amazonia. Roosts communally. Usually in small groups but also up to 30 individuals seen. Sentinel birds will sound alarm at sign of danger.

Clutch and Egg Size:

2 to 4 eggs, 30 x 25mm (1.2 x 1 in).

Breeding Season:

Breeds in January.

Related Links:

Wikipedia
Cornell Lab of Ornithology Neotropical Birds

Click photo to visit gallery

White-bellied Parrots at ironwood tree cavity
© Matt Denton

Did You Know?

The White-bellied Caique is one of the two species of parrot with white bellies; the other being the Black-headed Caique.

Academic Research

Related publications: Pionites leucogaster

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