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Blue-throated Conure

 (Pyrrhura cruentata)

Also known as: Blue-throated Parakeet, Blue-chested Conure or Parakeet, Ochre-masked Conure or Parakeet, Red-rumped Conure or Parakeet, Red-eared Conure or Parakeet

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Blue-throated Conures
© Instituto Últimos Refúgios

Did You Know?

The female Blue-throated Conure tends to be heavier than the male, and more dominant and assertive.

Academic Research

Related publications: Pyrrhura cruentata

Species Profile

Genus: Pyrrhura | Species: cruentata

Size:

30cm (11.7 in)

Weight:

90g (3.1 oz)

Races including nominate:

one

Colour Adult:

Both adults partly green in colour; brown/red frontal band, lores and area around eyes to ear coverts; sides of neck yellow/orange; blue upper breast; blue collar encircling hindneck; lower back to rump red; centre of abdomen brown/red; olive tail. Bill grey. Eye ring bare and grey. Eye yellow.

Colour Juvenile:

In general duller than adults. Eye brown.

Call:

Calls made in flight are high-pitched, chattering notes.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1

More Information:

Avibase
AvianWeb
Handbook of the Birds of the World

Content Sources:

CITES
Lexicon of Parrots
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
ML Media Collection Catalogue 32262, Blue-throated Parakeet Pyrrhura cruentata, Parker, Theodore A., III, Espirito Santo, Brazil, Dec. 3 1982, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots: Status Survey and Conservation Plan 2000-2004, Snyder, McGowan, Gilardi, Grajal, 2000.
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1977. 2010 edition
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.

Click photo to visit gallery

Blue-throated Conures
© Instituto Últimos Refúgios

Did You Know?

The female Blue-throated Conure tends to be heavier than the male, and more dominant and assertive.

Academic Research

Related publications: Pyrrhura cruentata

Species Care

Captive Status:

Rare

Longevity:

15-25 yrs

Housing:

Walk-in aviary or suspended enclosure, minimum length 2m (6.5 ft).

Diet:

Fruits such as: apple, pear, oranges, banana, pomegranate, cactus fruits, kiwi, guava (a favourite), forming about 30 percent of diet; vegetables such as: carrot, celery, green beans, peas in the pod; corn on the cob; green leaves such as: Swiss chard, lettuce, kale, sowthistle, dandelion, chickweed; spray millet; small seed mix such as: canary, millet and smaller amounts of oats, buckwheat, safflower and a little hemp; soaked and sprouted sunflower; cooked beans and pulses, boiled maize and complete pellet.

Enrichment:

Enjoy bathing so provide overhead misters or shallow bowls of water daily. Also provide bird-safe, unsprayed flowering, fir, pine, willow or elder branches; wooden block or vegetable tanned leather toys.

Nest Box Size:

Vertical box 10" x 10" x 28" (25.4cm x 25.4cm x 71.1cm).

Clutch Size:

4-7

Incubation Time:

22 days

Fledging Age:

7-8 weeks

Hatch Weight:

5-6g

Peak Weight:

Not recorded.

Weaning Weight:

Not recorded.

Click photo to visit gallery

Blue-throated Conures
© Instituto Últimos Refúgios

Did You Know?

The female Blue-throated Conure tends to be heavier than the male, and more dominant and assertive.

Academic Research

Related publications: Pyrrhura cruentata

Species Wild Status

World Population:

3500-15,000, decreasing.

IUCN Red List Status:

Vulnerable

CITES Listing:

Appendix I

Threat Summary:

This species is threatened by continuing florest and habitat clearance. There is also some trapping for the bird trade, but this is a relatively new occurrence.

Range:

E Brazil, from southern Bahia south to Rio de Janeiro.

Habitat:

Found up to 400m (1312 ft), occasionally 900m (2952 ft) in primary rainforest or forest edge and in slightly modified natural forest near cultivated areas.

Wild Diet:

Feeds on fruits; other food plants include Talisia esculenta, Alchornea iricurana, Mabea fistulifera, Trema mirantha and Cecropia sp.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Gregarious; generally seen in flocks of 6-20 birds where food is abundant. Feeds in canopy and lower edge foliage.

Clutch and Egg Size:

4-7 rounded eggs, 27.5 x 20.0mm (1.1 x 0.8 in).

Breeding Season:

June-October

Related Links:

Wikipedia
Cornell Lab of Ornithology Neotropical Birds
Research: Parrot Populations and Habitat Use

Click photo to visit gallery

Blue-throated Conures
© Instituto Últimos Refúgios

Did You Know?

The female Blue-throated Conure tends to be heavier than the male, and more dominant and assertive.

Academic Research

Related publications: Pyrrhura cruentata

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