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Blue-winged Parrotlet

 (Forpus xanthopterygius)
 
Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Blue-winged Parrotlet
© Steve Brookes | www.wildparrotsupclose.com

Did You Know?

The Blue-winged Parrotlet nests in tree cavities but will also try arboreal termitaria (termite mounds in trees).

Academic Research

Related publications: Forpus xanthopterygius

Species Profile

Genus: Forpus | Species: xanthopterygius

Size:

12cm (4.7 in)

Weight:

28g (1.0 oz)

Races including nominate:

five: F.x. xanthopterygius, F.x. flavissimus, F.x. crassirostris, F.x. olallae, F.x. flavescens

Colourization Adult:

F.x. xanthopterygius: Male-in general olive/green to green in colour; eyes surrounded by bright green; purple/blue primary and secondary coverts; purple/blue bases to outer webs of secondary feathers; purple/blue underwing coverts, lower back and rump. Bill horn in colour with grey at base of upper mandible. Eye dark brown. Female-green instead of blue markings; green/yellow forehead and face.
F.x. flavissimus: Male-paler, more yellow/green; yellow/green forehead, cheeks and throat. Female-paler and more yellow/green.
F.x. crassirostris: Male-paler blue markings; pale gray/purple primary coverts; dark purple/blue secondary coverts; smaller in size. Female-green less yellow overall.
F.x. olallae: Male-as in crassirostris, but darker purple/blue wings, rump and lower back; paler underwing coverts. Female-as in crassirostris.
F.x. flavescens: Male-as in xanthopterygius, but yellow/green paler; green/yellow forehead, cheeks, and underparts; paler blue on lower back and rump. Female-as in xanthopterygius, but yellow/green paler.

Colourization Juvenile:

F.x. xanthopterygius: As in adults but immature male has blue markings intermixed with green.

Call:

Calls in flight or when perched are sad sounding albeit penetrating. While feeding twittering and chattering.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1 | Video 2 | Video 3

More Information:

Lexicon of Parrots
AvianWeb

Content Sources:

Lexicon of Parrots
BirdLife International
CITES
Internet Bird Collection
ML Media Collection Catalogue 34257, Blue-winged Parrotlet Forpus xanthopterygius, Parker, Theodore A., III, Loreto, Peru, Jan. 20 1985, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1977. 2010 edition
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Psittacine Aviculture, Schubot, Clubb and Clubb, 1992.

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Blue-winged Parrotlet
© Steve Brookes | www.wildparrotsupclose.com

Did You Know?

The Blue-winged Parrotlet nests in tree cavities but will also try arboreal termitaria (termite mounds in trees).

Academic Research

Related publications: Forpus xanthopterygius

Species Care

Captive Status:

Uncommon in captivity.

Longevity:

10-20 yrs

Housing:

2 x 1 x 2m (6.5 x 3.3 x 6.5 ft) enclosure, or suspended indoor cage 120cm x 40cm x 50cm (46.8" x 15.6" x 19.5"), with roosting box.

Diet:

Seed mix such as: millet, canary grass seed, weed seed, wheat and oats; millet spray, sprouted or unsprouted; fruit such as: apple, pear, orange, banana, pomegranate; vegetables such as: carrot, celery, green beans, peas in the pod; berries such as: rose hips, mountain ash (rowan); green leaves such as: Swiss chard, dandelion, chickweed, lettuce; insectivorous food; complete kibble if taken.

Enrichment:

Provide tree stumps, branches (are avid chewers); areas for bathing.

Nest Box Size:

Nest log 15cm (6") in diameter, 30cm (11.7") high or 6" x 6" x 6" (15cm x 15cm x 15cm) vertical box.

Clutch Size:

3-7

Incubation Time:

21 days

Fledging Age:

35 days

Hatch Weight:

Not available

Peak Weight:

Not available

Weaning Weight:

Not available

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Blue-winged Parrotlet
© Steve Brookes | www.wildparrotsupclose.com

Did You Know?

The Blue-winged Parrotlet nests in tree cavities but will also try arboreal termitaria (termite mounds in trees).

Academic Research

Related publications: Forpus xanthopterygius

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Not recorded

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

This species is not felt to have been affected by the wild bird trade.

Range:

F.x. xanthopterygius: NE Argentina in Misiones, NE Corrientes, E Chaco and E Formosa; and from Paraguay north through central and mideastern Brazil to N Bahia.
F.x. flavissimus: NE Brazil, from Maranhao, Ceara, and Paraiba south to N Bahia.
F.x. crassirostris: NE Peru, E Ecuador and SE Colombia east along both sides of Amazon River and smaller riverlets to C Amazonas, N Brazil.
F.x. olallae: found in Codajas and near Itacoatiara, on N bank of Amazon River in E Amazonas, N Brazil.
F.x. flavescens: CE Peru south to E Bolivia, in Beni and Santa Cruz.

Habitat:

Prefers drier wooded habitats such as open and riparian woodland, cerrado and caatinga; also found in savanna, palm groves, semi-arid scrubland and pastures. Found also along Amazon River in lighter riparian growth.

Wild Diet:

Eats fruits of Cecropia, seeds of Mikania and Trema mirantha and flowers of Ambrosia and Marcgravia.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Will forage in the open and sometimes on the ground. Highly social; found in groups of up to 50 individuals.

Clutch and Egg Size:

3-7 spherical to elliptical eggs, 19.0 x 15.0mm (0.7 x 0.6 in)

Breeding Season:

May-August

Related Links:

Infonatura
Wikipedia
Cornell Neotropical Unit
Research: Impact of Blue-winged Parrotlet on flowers of Handroanthus serratifolius

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Blue-winged Parrotlet
© Steve Brookes | www.wildparrotsupclose.com

Did You Know?

The Blue-winged Parrotlet nests in tree cavities but will also try arboreal termitaria (termite mounds in trees).

Academic Research

Related publications: Forpus xanthopterygius

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