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Brown-hooded Parrot

 (Pyrilia haematotis)

Also known as: Red-eared Parrot, Red-necklaced Parrot (P.h. coccinicollaris)

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Brown-hooded Parrots
© Steve Brookes

Did You Know?

The Brown-hooded Parrot is so secretive that often the only sign of its presence in the wild is falling fruit (while feeding) or occasional calls.

Academic Research

Related publications: Pyrilia haematotis

Species Profile

Genus: Pyrilia | Species: haematotis

Size:

21cm (8.2 in)

Weight:

145-150g (5.1-5.25 oz)

Races including nominate:

one

Colour Adult:

P.h. haematotis: Both adults grey/brown crown to nape; white lores; brown/maroon ear coverts and area underneath eye; grey/brown cheeks and throat, turning to black towards sides of neck; olive/yellow hindneck, reaching to breast where turns to green; red axillaries and undersides; green tail tipped with blue and red at base. Bill horn in colour with pale brown/yellow tinge. Eye ring white. Eye yellow.
P.h. coccinicollaris: Both adults red markings on lower foreneck and upper breast, often forming band in male, more faintly in female.

Colour Juvenile:

As in adults head colouration paler; breast more green; brown/maroon on ear coverts absent. Eye brown.

Call:

Calls made in flight are squeaky notes alternating with harsh sounds; also a variety of gurgles and warbles.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1 | Video 2 | Video 3

More Information:

Avibase
AvianWeb
Handbook of the Birds of the World

Content Sources:

CITES
Lexicon of Parrots
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998.
ML Media Collection Catalogue 25724, Brown-hooded Parrot Pyrilia haematotis, Parker, Theodore A., III, Darien, Panama, Feb. 5 1982, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006. 2010 edition

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Brown-hooded Parrots
© Steve Brookes

Did You Know?

The Brown-hooded Parrot is so secretive that often the only sign of its presence in the wild is falling fruit (while feeding) or occasional calls.

Academic Research

Related publications: Pyrilia haematotis

Species Care

Captive Status:

Not usually seen in captivity.

Longevity:

Not recorded.

Housing:

Flight minimum length 2.5 x 2 x 2m (8 x 6.5 x 6.5 ft) temperature not less than 20C (68 F).

Diet:

Fruits such as: apple, pear, banana, papaya, mango, cactus fruits; vegetables such as: carrots, celery, green beans and peas in the pod; lory or lactose-free baby cereal; seed mix such as: safflower, oats, canary, millet and some hemp and sunflower; sprouted seeds/beans in spring and summer; vitamins and minerals, especially C; complete pellet.

Enrichment:

Provide fresh, unsprayed flowering and budding branches.

Nest Box Size:

Vertical box 25cm x 25cm x 60cm (10 x 10 x 24 in).

Clutch Size:

Not recorded.

Incubation Time:

Not recorded.

Fledging Age:

Not recorded.

Hatch Weight:

Not recorded.

Peak Weight:

Not recorded.

Weaning Weight:

Not recorded.

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Brown-hooded Parrots
© Steve Brookes

Did You Know?

The Brown-hooded Parrot is so secretive that often the only sign of its presence in the wild is falling fruit (while feeding) or occasional calls.

Academic Research

Related publications: Pyrilia haematotis

Species Wild Status

World Population:

20,000-50,000

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

This species is presumed to have declined over much of its range due to deforestation.

Range:

P.h. haematotis: S Mexico south to W Panama.
P.h. coccinicollaris: E Panama and NW Colombia.

Habitat:

Found up to 1200m (3936 ft) in dense primary rainforest, including low-elevation cloud forest, forest clearings with grass and scattered trees, and cultivated areas.

Wild Diet:

Feeds on fruits and seeds of forest trees and epiphytes, and on the green leaves of some types of mistletoe.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Found in flocks of 6-15 birds, but not usually larger numbers. Forages for food at all levels of the canopy, and occasionally cornfields. May socialize with other parrots and toucans.

Clutch and Egg Size:

Not recorded.

Breeding Season:

February, Yucatan; May-July, Guatemala; August, Panama.

Related Links:

Wikipedia
Cornell Lab of Ornithology Neotropical Birds

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Brown-hooded Parrots
© Steve Brookes

Did You Know?

The Brown-hooded Parrot is so secretive that often the only sign of its presence in the wild is falling fruit (while feeding) or occasional calls.

Academic Research

Related publications: Pyrilia haematotis

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