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Brown-necked Parrot

 (Poicephalus fuscicollis)
 
Click photo to visit gallery

Female Brown-necked Parrot
© Cyril Laubscher

Did You Know?

The Brown-necked Parrot's very large beak gives it a "top heavy" appearance in flight.

Academic Research

Related publications: Poicephalus fuscicollis

Species Profile

Genus: Poicephalus | Species: fuscicollis

Size:

32cm (12.5 in)

Weight:

310-400g (10.9-14 oz)

Races including nominate:

two: P.f. fuscicollis, P.f. suahelicus

Colour Adult:

P.f. fuscicollis: Both adults have varying plumage; head and neck grey to light brown/pink, scalloped lightly orange/brown; orange/red band across the crown in female (absent in males); dark green back and wings; green rump and underparts; orange/red thighs, bend of wing, and carpal edge; black/brown tail; dark brown eye; white/grey eye ring (bare); and horn-coloured bill. 
P.f. suahelicus: Both adults have varying plumage; head and neck silver/grey, scalloped lightly orange/brown; orange/red band across the crown in female (absent in males); dark green back and wings; green/blue rump and underparts; orange/red thighs, bend of wing, and carpal edge; black/brown tail; dark brown eye; white/grey eye ring (bare); and horn-coloured bill.

Colour Juvenile:

Green to yellow/brown head and neck, body dark green/olive. Male and female P.f. fuscicollis and P.f. suahelicus have orange forehead until 6 - 7 months then females regain orange marking at about 9 months; head remains silver in males.

Call:

Long distance contact calls include a loud, raucous tzu-wee, zu-wee, zeu-wee, zz-keek, and a nasal zeek given continuously during flight. Similar to P. robustus, but louder and more frequent in flight and softer when socializing at roost or activity centre. Captive birds mimic human and other sounds.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1 | Video 2 | Video 3

More Information:

Avibase
Wikipedia
BirdLife Globally Threatened Bird Forums

Content Sources:

CITES
Internet Bird Collection
African Parrot Society
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
xeno-canto Brown-necked Parrot, Matheve, Hans XC351909
Parrots: Status Survey and Conservation Plan 2000-2004, Snyder, McGowan, Gilardi and Grajal, 2000.
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1989. 2010 edition
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.

Click photo to visit gallery

Female Brown-necked Parrot
© Cyril Laubscher

Did You Know?

The Brown-necked Parrot's very large beak gives it a "top heavy" appearance in flight.

Academic Research

Related publications: Poicephalus fuscicollis

Species Care

Captive Status:

Rare

Longevity:

20-25 yrs

Housing:

Walk-in aviariy, minimum length 2.1m (7 ft), or indoor cage minimum length 1.8m (6 ft).

Diet:

Cooked beans and pulses, boiled corn; sunflower, dry, soaked or sprouted; walnuts greatly favoured, fruit, especially apple, orange, banana, rearing food made from: hard-boiled egg, wholegrain bread and carrot, all ground to crumbly consistency; fresh vegetables such as: carrot, celery, green beans and peas in the pod; complete pellet.

Enrichment:

Bathing; foot toys, destructible (non-toxic) toys such as wooden block, vegetable tanned leather and heat sterilized pine cones; non-destructible (non-toxic plastic) toys, food-finder toys, preening toys, different texture and size hanging perch toys, fir, pine, elder or willow branches, push-and-pull toys (sliding up and down), vegetable tanned leather toys.

Nest Box Size:

Vertical box, 12" x 12" x 24" (30.5cm x 30.5cm x 61cm).

Clutch Size:

2 to 4

Incubation Time:

28-30 days

Fledging Age:

10-11 weeks

Hatch Weight:

9.5-12g (0.3-0.4 oz)

Peak Weight:

Not recorded.

Weaning Weight:

Not recorded.

Click photo to visit gallery

Female Brown-necked Parrot
© Cyril Laubscher

Did You Know?

The Brown-necked Parrot's very large beak gives it a "top heavy" appearance in flight.

Academic Research

Related publications: Poicephalus fuscicollis

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Unknown

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

This species is likely impacted by the wild bird traded: between 1975 and 2011, 16,243 wild-caught individuals were exported (UNEP-WCMC 2013). The nominate of the species is also threatened by commercial logging, wood harvesting, and land conversion to agriculture.  Nest trees are lost during poaching activities.

Range:

P.f. fuscicollis: West Africa from Gambia and southern Senegal to northern Ghana and Togo.
P. f. suahelicus: Republic of South Africa (Limpopo Province), Mozambique, Zimbabwe, northern Botswana, and northern regions of Namibia to Angola (including Cabinda), southern Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda, and central Tanzania.

Habitat:

Found in different woodland types: mangroves, riverine woodlands, and savanna woodland. P.f. suahelicus associates very closely with Baobab Adansonia digitata which they use for breeding.

Wild Diet:

Eats wide variety of fruits, nuts, seeds, kernels, and millet.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Arboreal, roosts communally; forms flocks with other Poicephalus sp. Partially nomadic.

Clutch and Egg Size:

2 to 4, rounded, glossy eggs, 34 x 28 mm (1.3 x 1.0 in)

Breeding Season:

Gambia, February-April; Zimbabwe March-June, October-November.

Click photo to visit gallery

Female Brown-necked Parrot
© Cyril Laubscher

Did You Know?

The Brown-necked Parrot's very large beak gives it a "top heavy" appearance in flight.

Academic Research

Related publications: Poicephalus fuscicollis

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