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Budgerigar

 (Melopsittacus undulatus)

Also known as: Shell Parakeet

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Budgerigar male
© Ian Montgomery | http://birdway.com.au

Did You Know?

Budgerigars are highly nomadic, with local numbers fluctuating widely with climatic conditions.

Academic Research

Related publications: Melopsittacus undulatus

Species Profile

Genus: Melopsittacus | Species: undulatus

Size:

18-20 cm (7-7.8 in)

Weight:

22-32g (0.8-1.1 oz)

Races including nominate:

one, with many colour mutations

Colourization Adult:

Both adults yellow with scalloped upper parts, yellow face, lower cheeks tipped violet/blue, more so in the female; black spots under throat; green under parts, blue tail; blue cere in male, brown in female. Bill olive/horn in colour. Eye white.

Colourization Juvenile:

Immatures duller; less spots on throat or none at all; yellow forehead barred black; tail shorter. Eye dark brown.

Call:

Quiet warbling to sharp chattering, quiet screech.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1 | Video 2 | Video 3

More Information:

Avibase
Upatsix.com - Budgie FAQ
Handbook of the Birds of the World

Content Sources:

BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
ML Media Collection Catalogue 8512, Budgerigar Melopsittacus undulatus, Trillmich, Krisztina, Queensland, Australia, Aug. 23 1974, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1989.
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots: Their Care and Breeding, Low, 1986.
Psittacine Aviculture, Schubot, Clubb and Clubb, 1992.

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Budgerigar male
© Ian Montgomery | http://birdway.com.au

Did You Know?

Budgerigars are highly nomadic, with local numbers fluctuating widely with climatic conditions.

Academic Research

Related publications: Melopsittacus undulatus

Species Care

Captive Status:

Widespread in captivity.

Longevity:

15 yrs

Housing:

Not less than 76cm (30 in) long.

Diet:

Complete kibble for budgerigars, seed mixture for budgerigars; fresh fruits and vegetables.

Enrichment:

Bathing; foot toys, destructible (non-toxic) toys, non-destructible (non-toxic plastic) toys, food-finder toys, preening toys, different texture and size hanging perch toys, fir branches, push-and-pull toys (sliding up and down), vegetable tanned leather toys.

Nest Box Size:

8" x 6" x 6" (20.3cm x 15cm x 15cm) or 6" x 6' x 6" (15cm x 15cm x 15cm) vertical box.

Clutch Size:

4 to 8

Incubation Time:

18 days

Fledging Age:

30 days

Hatch Weight:

Not available

Peak Weight:

Not available

Weaning Weight:

Not available

Specialist Club:

Budgerigar Society

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Budgerigar male
© Ian Montgomery | http://birdway.com.au

Did You Know?

Budgerigars are highly nomadic, with local numbers fluctuating widely with climatic conditions.

Academic Research

Related publications: Melopsittacus undulatus

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Around 5,000,000

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern

CITES Listing:

Not listed

Threat Summary:

Only threat seems to be that large numbers die during drought periods, however, reproductive rate easily makes up for this; have been helped in some areas by introduction of watering for agriculture.

Range:

Widely distributed throughout the interior of Australia, but rare in eastern coastal districts and the extreme south west. Introduced in Florida and now number 3000 there.

Habitat:

Found in a wide range of areas in arid interior of Australia, also semi arid and subhumid parts. Some seasonal movements; northward during winter. Found in spinifex, dry mallee and mulga scrub, riverine woodland and farmland.

Wild Diet:

Ground feeders, taking grass seeds and seeds of crop plants.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Gather in large numbers, nest communally, are frequently found at watering holes in large groups; most active during day.

Clutch and Egg Size:

4 to 8, rounded eggs, 19 x 14mm (0.7 x 0.5 in)

Breeding Season:

Can take place at any time of year, with pairs capable of producing more than one clutch; nest communally.

Related Links:

Wikipedia
 

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Budgerigar male
© Ian Montgomery | http://birdway.com.au

Did You Know?

Budgerigars are highly nomadic, with local numbers fluctuating widely with climatic conditions.

Academic Research

Related publications: Melopsittacus undulatus

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