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Santarem Conure

 (Pyrrhura amazonum)

Also known as: Hellmayr's Parakeet

Click photo to visit gallery

Santarem Conure in the wild
© Nick Athanas

Did You Know?

The Santarem Parakeet was traditionally listed as a subspecies in the Pyrrhura picta complex.


Academic Research

Related publications: Pyrrhura amazonum

Species Profile

Genus: Pyrrhura | Species: amazonum

Size:

22 cm (8.6 in)

Weight:

54-70g (1.9-2.5 oz)

Races including nominate:

Two: P. a. amazonum, P. a. microtera

Colourization Adult:

P. a. amazonum: Both adults crown to nape dark brown; blue band in front of eyes; frons and face dark red/brown; brown-buff ear coverts; grey-green upper breast with grey-buff scalloping; lower breast yellow-buff with scalloping; green wing bend; brown-red patch in center of abdomen; brown-red tail with green at base.  Bill grey-black.  Eye orange-brown, with bare grey eye ring.
P. a. microtera: Both adults narrow frons, darker red/brown, upper breast dusty brown with grey-buff scalloping.  Smaller in size.

Colourization Juvenile:

P. a. amazonum: Juveniles duller than adults. Fine grey-white scalloping on breast. Brown-red patch less extensive on abdomen. Tail shorter. Eye-ring grey-white.
P. a. microtera: Undescribed.

Call:

Calls made in flight described as coarse, rough and forceful; less harsh than that of other Pyrhurra sp.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1

More Information:

Wikipedia

Content Sources:

BirdLife International
Handbook of the Birds of the World
Internet Bird Collection
Wikipedia
ML Media Collection Catalogue 88503, Santarem Parakeet Pyrrhura amazonum, Marantz, Curtis, Mato Grosso, Brazil, Oct. 17 1997, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.

Click photo to visit gallery

Santarem Conure in the wild
© Nick Athanas

Did You Know?

The Santarem Parakeet was traditionally listed as a subspecies in the Pyrrhura picta complex.


Academic Research

Related publications: Pyrrhura amazonum

Species Care

Captive Status:

Unknown

Longevity:

Not available

Housing:

Not available

Diet:

Not available

Enrichment:

Not available

Nest Box Size:

Not available

Clutch Size:

5-7

Incubation Time:

Not available

Fledging Age:

Not available

Hatch Weight:

Not available

Peak Weight:

Not available

Weaning Weight:

Not available

Click photo to visit gallery

Santarem Conure in the wild
© Nick Athanas

Did You Know?

The Santarem Parakeet was traditionally listed as a subspecies in the Pyrrhura picta complex.


Academic Research

Related publications: Pyrrhura amazonum

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Unknown, declining.

IUCN Red List Status:

Endangered

CITES Listing:

Not listed

Threat Summary:

The primary threat to this species is accelerating deforestation in the Amazon basin as land is cleared for cattle ranching and soy production, facilitated by expansion of the road network

Range:

Both banks of lower Amazon including Rio Tapajos and Rio Tocantins.

Habitat:

Found up to 1200m (3936 ft) in wooded habitats including riverine formations, mature evergreen forest and cloud forest.

Wild Diet:

Food items include fruits, flowers, seeds and algae from ponds.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Found in flocks of 10 or 15 birds. During breeding season seen in pairs and families. Feeds and rests in foliage of upper stages of canopy, where it is well camouflaged. Noisy in flight.

Clutch and Egg Size:

5-7 elliptical eggs, 26.5 x 19.0mm (1 x 0.7 in).

Breeding Season:

January-April

Click photo to visit gallery

Santarem Conure in the wild
© Nick Athanas

Did You Know?

The Santarem Parakeet was traditionally listed as a subspecies in the Pyrrhura picta complex.


Academic Research

Related publications: Pyrrhura amazonum

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