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Cockatiel

 (Nymphicus hollandicus)

Also known as: Quarrion

Click photo to visit gallery

Cockatiel male on branch
© Ian Montgomery | http://birdway.com.au

Did You Know?

The Cockatiel is one of only three species of parrot that have crests and long tails, the others being the Horned and Uvea Parakeets.

Academic Research

Related publications: Nymphicus hollandicus

Species Profile

Genus: Nymphicus | Species: hollandicus

Size:

29-33 cm (11-12.9 in)

Weight:

80-100g (2.8-3.5 oz)

Races including nominate:

one, with many colour mutations

Colourization Adult:

Male-mainly soft grey with long, darker grey tail, yellow and grey crest and yellow face, orange ear patch and white on wing. Bill dark grey. Eye dark brown.  Female-crown, crest and cheeks grey washed with yellow, brighter on lores; ear coverts dull orange; lower back and rump to underparts pale grey barred with white and yellow; centre tail feathers same; side tail feathers yellow, banded dark grey.

Colourization Juvenile:

Immature male as in adult female; also bill horn in colour tinged with grey.

Call:

Sad, plaintive notes.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1 | Video 2 | Video 3

More Information:

AvianWeb
Arkive
Avibase
Handbook of the Birds of the World

Content Sources:

BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
Naturesongs.com
The National Cockatiel Society
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1977. 2010 edition
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.
Psittacine Aviculture, Schubot, Clubb and Clubb, 1992.

Click photo to visit gallery

Cockatiel male on branch
© Ian Montgomery | http://birdway.com.au

Did You Know?

The Cockatiel is one of only three species of parrot that have crests and long tails, the others being the Horned and Uvea Parakeets.

Academic Research

Related publications: Nymphicus hollandicus

Species Care

Captive Status:

Widespread in captivity.

Longevity:

20 yrs

Housing:

Walk in aviary, minimum length 2.1m (7 ft) or indoor cage minimum length 1.8m (6 ft).

Diet:

Mixture of small seeds: canary, millet and smaller amounts of oats, buckwheat, safflower; limited sunflower seed, millet spray; rearing food made from hard-boiled egg, green leaves and other vegetables, seeding grasses, fruits, complete kibble for cockatiels.

Enrichment:

Bathing; foot toys, destructible (non-toxic) toys, non-destructible (non-toxic plastic) toys, food-finder toys, preening toys, different texture and size hanging perch toys, fir branches, push-and-pull toys (sliding up and down), vegetable tanned leather toys.

Nest Box Size:

18cm (7") square, 30cm (11.7") high or 10" x 10" x 16" (25.4cm x 25.4cm x 40.6cm) vertical box.

Clutch Size:

1 to 7

Incubation Time:

19-21 days

Fledging Age:

5 weeks

Hatch Weight:

4-5g (0.1-0.2 oz)

Peak Weight:

90-100g (3.1-3.5 oz)

Weaning Weight:

90g (3.1 oz)

Click photo to visit gallery

Cockatiel male on branch
© Ian Montgomery | http://birdway.com.au

Did You Know?

The Cockatiel is one of only three species of parrot that have crests and long tails, the others being the Horned and Uvea Parakeets.

Academic Research

Related publications: Nymphicus hollandicus

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Unknown, stable.

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern

CITES Listing:

Not categorised.

Threat Summary:

Appears to be none, in fact, this species appears to have benefited from the addition of artificial watering for agriculture throughout its range.

Range:

Found throughout Australia, mainly in semi-arid regions.

Habitat:

Occurs in semi-arid areas, absent from wetter coastal areas; found in open woodland, acacia scrub, riverine forest, spinifex, farmland, orchards, savannas and along roadsides. Up to 400m (1312 ft).

Wild Diet:

Feeds mainly on seeds, especially Acacia and wheat.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Northern birds are nomadic, southern birds are seasonal migrants.

Clutch and Egg Size:

1 to 7, rounded eggs, 24.5 x 19 mm (0.9 x 0.7 in).

Breeding Season:

North, April-July; south, August-December.

Related Links:

Wikipedia
Birds in Backyards
Research: How cockatiels modulate pectoralis power output across flight speeds

Click photo to visit gallery

Cockatiel male on branch
© Ian Montgomery | http://birdway.com.au

Did You Know?

The Cockatiel is one of only three species of parrot that have crests and long tails, the others being the Horned and Uvea Parakeets.

Academic Research

Related publications: Nymphicus hollandicus

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