Member Login

Username

Password

Auto-login for future visits

Join or Renew Today!

Membership Benefits:

Close Button

Cuban Conure

 (Psittacara euops)

Also known as: Cuban Parakeet, Red-speckled Conure

Click photo to visit gallery

Cuban Conures
© Dominic Sherony [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

In the wild the Cuban Conure uses various sites for nesting, with Cuban Green Woodpecker (Xiphidiopicus percussus) holes being its favourite. This species also builds nests in arboreal termitaria (termite nests in trees).

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Psittacara euops

Species Profile

Genus: Psittacara | Species: euops

Size:

26cm (10.1 in)

Weight:

90g (3.1 oz)

Races including nominate:

one

Colourization Adult:

Both adults yellow/green in general with red feathers sprinkled on head and underparts, sometimes with red feathers on bend of wing and thighs; red lesser underwing coverts and carpal edge; olive/yellow greater underwing coverts and underneath flight feathers. Bill horn coloured. Eye ring bare and pink/white. Eye pale yellow.

Colourization Juvenile:

As in adult but red feathers on head and underparts absent; less red on underwing coverts; yellow/green carpal edge. Eye brown.

Call:

Calls are unique; in flight repetitious and loud. While perched notes are low and whispering.

Listen Now

More Information:

AvianWeb
Avibase
Arkive
Handbook of the Birds of the World

Content Sources:

CITES
Lexicon of Parrots
BirdLife International
A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
ML Media Collection Catalogue 112182, Cuban Parakeet Aratinga euops, Budney, Gregory, Holguin, Cuba, Feb. 15 2004, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots: Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan, Snyder, McGowan, Gilardi and Grajal, 2000.
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1977. 2010 edition
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.

Click photo to visit gallery

Cuban Conures
© Dominic Sherony [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

In the wild the Cuban Conure uses various sites for nesting, with Cuban Green Woodpecker (Xiphidiopicus percussus) holes being its favourite. This species also builds nests in arboreal termitaria (termite nests in trees).

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Psittacara euops

Species Care

Captive Status:

Rare

Longevity:

15-40 yrs

Housing:

Enclosure or suspended aviary, minimum length 2m (6.5 ft).

Diet:

Fruit such as: apple, pear, orange, banana, cactus fruits, pomegranate, forming about 30 percent of the diet; vegetables such as: carrot, celery, green beans, peas in the pod; fresh corn; green leaves such as: Swiss chard, lettuce, sowthistle, dandelion; spray millet; small seed mix such as: canary, millet, safflower, oats and limited hemp; soaked and sprouted sunflower seed; cooked beans and pulses; boiled maize; limited cubed hard cheese; complete kibble.

Enrichment:

Provide fresh, unsprayed bird-safe branches for chewing and bowls of fresh water for bathing.

Nest Box Size:

Vertical box 7" x 7" x 28" (17.8cm x 17.8cm x 71cm).

Clutch Size:

4-5

Incubation Time:

23-26 days

Fledging Age:

48-60 days

Hatch Weight:

Not available

Peak Weight:

Not available

Weaning Weight:

Not available

Specialist Club:

Conure.org

Click photo to visit gallery

Cuban Conures
© Dominic Sherony [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

In the wild the Cuban Conure uses various sites for nesting, with Cuban Green Woodpecker (Xiphidiopicus percussus) holes being its favourite. This species also builds nests in arboreal termitaria (termite nests in trees).

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Psittacara euops

Species Wild Status

World Population:

2500-10,000

IUCN Red List Status:

Vulnerable

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

This species is persecuted as a crop pest. As well, habitat loss and trapping for the wild bird trade have hastened its decline. The most significant reason for loss of nesting sites is hurricane damage.

Range:

Found in Cuba and formerly Isla de la Juventud (Isle of Pines), West Indies.

Habitat:

Found in areas of savanna where Copernica and Thrinax palms occur, woodland edge and agriculture areas with trees.

Wild Diet:

Feeds on fruits of mango, papaya, guava, Roystonea palms, Melicoccus bijugatus and Spondias luteus, and seeds of Inga vera, shoots, millet, berries and grass seeds.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Seen generally in family groups or small flocks but sometimes gather in larger congregations of several hundred. Will socialize with the Cuban Amazon. Nests in hollow palm, tree-cavity or active arboreal termite nests.

Clutch and Egg Size:

4-5 rounded eggs, 27.5 x 22.0mm (1.0 x 0.9 in)

Breeding Season:

May-July

Related Links:

Wikipedia
Cornell Lab of Ornithology Neotropical Birds

Click photo to visit gallery

Cuban Conures
© Dominic Sherony [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

In the wild the Cuban Conure uses various sites for nesting, with Cuban Green Woodpecker (Xiphidiopicus percussus) holes being its favourite. This species also builds nests in arboreal termitaria (termite nests in trees).

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Psittacara euops

Members Only Resources

Please log-in now to find more research, resources and tools.

Not a Member?

Find more great information:

Gain exclusive access to 600+ pages of additional research, seminars and podcasts, specialists to ask your toughest questions, and dozens of other fun resources - when you become a WPT member.

Already a Member?

Encyclopedia

Search by:
Common Name


Geographic Location


Type of Parrot


Taxonomic Name


Sign Up to Stay Informed




Become A WPT Member Check out the Latest Podcasts