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Emerald-collared Parakeet

 (Psittacula calthrapae)

Also known as: Layard's Parakeet

Click photo to visit gallery

Emerald-collared Parakeet
© Jonker/Innemee

Did You Know?

The Psittacula species' history as pets goes back many centuries; the earliest parrot described in captivity was probably a Plum-headed Parakeet.

Academic Research

Related publications: Psittacula calthrapae

Species Profile

Genus: Psittacula | Species: calthrapae

Size:

29cm (11.3 in)

Weight:

100g (3.5 oz)

Races including nominate:

one

Colourization Adult:

Male-blue/grey head; black chin and stripe across lower cheeks; fine black line to sides of neck; broad emerald/green collar around hindneck; blue/grey upperparts; rump strongly washed with mauve/grey; yellow/green median wing coverts, forming visible patch on folded wing; deep blue tail tipped with pale yellow. Upper mandible red tipped with yellow, lower mandible brown. Eye pale yellow. Female-as in male but with minimal green on face. Black bill.

Colourization Juvenile:

Grey of head replaced by green; green stripe on neck faint; green rump suffused purple/blue. Bill orange. Eye grey.

Call:

Calls are described as distinctive; in flight a harsh, chattering series of notes; flock in flight calls noisily.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1

More Information:

Avibase
Arkive
AvianWeb
Handbook of the Birds of the World

Content Sources:

CITES
Lexicon of Parrots
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1977. 2010 edition
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.
Parrots: Their Care and Breeding, Low, 1986.

Click photo to visit gallery

Emerald-collared Parakeet
© Jonker/Innemee

Did You Know?

The Psittacula species' history as pets goes back many centuries; the earliest parrot described in captivity was probably a Plum-headed Parakeet.

Academic Research

Related publications: Psittacula calthrapae

Species Care

Captive Status:

Rare

Longevity:

25-30yrs

Housing:

Walk-in enclosure minimum length 3m (9.8 ft).

Diet:

Small seed mix such as: canary, millet, and smaller amounts of oats, buckwheat, safflower and a little hemp; limited sunflower seed; spray millet; green leaves such as: Swiss chard, lettuce, dandelion, sowthistle, chickweed; seeding grasses; rearing food made from: hard-boiled eggs, wholegrain bread, low-fat cheese, and carrot, all ground to crumbly consistency; fruits such as: apple, pear, orange, banana, pomegranate, cactus fruits; complete pellet.

Enrichment:

Bathing, swings, ladders, bird-safe wooden toys, non-toxic and unsprayed flowering, fir, pine, elder and willow branches, foraging/puzzle toys.

Nest Box Size:

Vertical box 8" x 8" x 20" (20.3cm x 20.3cm x 50.8cm).

Clutch Size:

3-4

Incubation Time:

25-26 days

Fledging Age:

6-7 weeks

Hatch Weight:

Not available

Peak Weight:

Not available

Weaning Weight:

Not available

Specialist Club:

Psittacula World

Click photo to visit gallery

Emerald-collared Parakeet
© Jonker/Innemee

Did You Know?

The Psittacula species' history as pets goes back many centuries; the earliest parrot described in captivity was probably a Plum-headed Parakeet.

Academic Research

Related publications: Psittacula calthrapae

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Unknown, decreasing.

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

Declining due to habitat loss; also affected by the wild bird trade.

Range:

SW to central southern Sri Lanka.

Habitat:

Found up to 1700m (5576 ft) in well-wooded areas including moist forest, tea plantations and botanical gardens, and forest edge.

Wild Diet:

Diet for this species is thought to be similar to that of Ringneck and Plum-headed Parakeets, consisting of flowers, nectar, fruits of fig and apricot, kanda fruit, and wild cinnamon.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Seen generally in pairs or small groups. Feeds in forest canopy, and, when done foraging, chatter loudly and continuously. Compete fiercely with Plum-headed Parakeets for nesting sites.

Clutch and Egg Size:

3-4 rounded eggs, 24.5 x 19.5mm (0.9 x 0.7 in)

Breeding Season:

January-May and sometimes July-September.

Related Links:

Wikipedia

Click photo to visit gallery

Emerald-collared Parakeet
© Jonker/Innemee

Did You Know?

The Psittacula species' history as pets goes back many centuries; the earliest parrot described in captivity was probably a Plum-headed Parakeet.

Academic Research

Related publications: Psittacula calthrapae

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