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Green-cheeked Amazon

 (Amazona viridigenalis)

Also known as: Red-crowned Amazon (Parrot), Mexican Red-headed Parrot

Click photo to visit gallery

Green-cheeked Amazon feeding
© Bowles/Erickson | www.amazornia.com

Did You Know?

The Green-cheeked Amazon is well established and its population is increasing in Los Angeles, CA but in the wild is Endangered.

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona viridigenalis

Species Profile

Genus: Amazona | Species: viridigenalis

Size:

30-33cm (11.7-12.8 in).

Weight:

270g (9.4 oz)

Races including nominate:

one

Colourization Adult:

Male-body green, with soft black margins to feathers of nape to mantle and upper breast; dark red forehead, crown and lores; purple/blue band from above the eye down the sides of the neck; at bases of secondary feathers 1-5 is red, the remainder green; green tail. Bill dull yellow. Eye ring pale grey, eye yellow. Female-red less evident on crown.

Colourization Juvenile:

As in adult but with less red on head. Eye pale grey.

Call:

Shrill screaming voice usually followed by ascending notes.  Chattering also heard, though raspy.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1 | Video 2 | Video 3

More Information:

AvianWeb
Arkive
Avibase
Handbook of the Birds of the World

Content Sources:

CITES
Internet Bird Collection
BirdLife International
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
ML Media Collection Catalogue 45656, Green-cheeked Parrot Amazona viridigenalis, Duncan, Charles, Tamaulipas, Mexico, Apr. 1 1988, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots: Status Survey and Conservation Plan 2000-2004, Snyder, McGowan, Gilardi and Grajal, 2000.
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1989. 2010 edition
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.
Psittacine Aviculture, Schubot, Clubb and Clubb, 1992.
Avian Pediatric Seminar Proceedings, various authors, 1988.

Click photo to visit gallery

Green-cheeked Amazon feeding
© Bowles/Erickson | www.amazornia.com

Did You Know?

The Green-cheeked Amazon is well established and its population is increasing in Los Angeles, CA but in the wild is Endangered.

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona viridigenalis

Species Care

Captive Status:

Fairly common in US; not as common elsewhere.

Longevity:

50-70 yrs

Housing:

Aviary or suspended cage, minimum length 3m (9.8 ft).

Diet:

Fruit such as: apple, pear, orange, cactus fruits, pomegranate, banana, forming about 30 percent of diet; fresh vegetables such as: carrot, celery, green peas, beans, fresh corn and green leaves. Cooked/sprouted beans or pulses; spray millet, small seed mix such as: millet, canary, and smaller amounts of buckwheat, oats, safflower and a little hemp, limited sunflower; complete kibble.

Enrichment:

Bathing; foot toys, destructible (non-toxic) toys, non-destructible (non-toxic plastic) toys, food-finder toys, preening toys, different texture and size hanging perch toys, fir branches, push-and-pull toys (sliding up and down), vegetable tanned leather toys.

Nest Box Size:

12" x12" x 24" (30.5cm x 30.5cm x 61cm) vertical box.

Clutch Size:

2 to 4

Incubation Time:

28 days

Fledging Age:

9 weeks

Hatch Weight:

11g (0.4 oz)

Peak Weight:

314-401g (11-14 oz)

Weaning Weight:

250-333g (8.75-11.6 oz)

Click photo to visit gallery

Green-cheeked Amazon feeding
© Bowles/Erickson | www.amazornia.com

Did You Know?

The Green-cheeked Amazon is well established and its population is increasing in Los Angeles, CA but in the wild is Endangered.

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona viridigenalis

Species Wild Status

World Population:

3000-6500

IUCN Red List Status:

Endangered

CITES Listing:

Appendix I

Threat Summary:

Wild bird trade, damage to nesting trees when trappers destroy them to get at chicks, loss of habitat.

Range:

Found in E Mexico. Occurs as winter visitor in Brownsville, Texas. Feral populations in California, Florida, Oahu and Puerto Rico.

Habitat:

Deciduous woodland, gallery forest and evergreen floodplain wooded areas up to 1200m (3936 ft).

Wild Diet:

Seeds, maize, berries, beans, acorns; feral birds have adapted to local food sources.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Occurs in flocks; larger flocks in winter, sometimes mixes with Yellow-cheeked (Red-lored) and Yellow-headed Amazons. Roosts communally.

Clutch and Egg Size:

2 to 4, rounded eggs, 36 x 27 mm (1.4 x 1.0 in).

Breeding Season:

April-May

Related Links:

Wikipedia
Cornell Lab of Ornithology Neotropical Birds

Click photo to visit gallery

Green-cheeked Amazon feeding
© Bowles/Erickson | www.amazornia.com

Did You Know?

The Green-cheeked Amazon is well established and its population is increasing in Los Angeles, CA but in the wild is Endangered.

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona viridigenalis

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