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Green Hanging Parrot

 (Loriculus exilis)

Also known as: Small Sulawesi Hanging Parrot, Red-billed Hanging Parrot, Lilliput Hanging Parrot, Tulabula Hanging Parrot

Click photo to visit gallery

Green Hanging Parrot feeding
© Bishan Monnappa

Did You Know?

Hanging parrots hang upside down when roosting.

Academic Research

Related publications: Loriculus exilis

Species Profile

Genus: Loriculus | Species: exilis

Size:

11cm (4.3 in)

Weight:

Not recorded.

Races including nominate:

one

Colour Adult:

Male-in general green in colour; red spot encircled by blue/green on throat; red rump and upper tail coverts, basally washed with yellow; green tail tipped with green/yellow. Bill red. Eye yellow.  Female-as in male but red spot on throat minimal or missing. Eye brown.

Colour Juvenile:

Red on throat missing. Bill yellow/brown. Eye pale brown.

Call:

Single note calls; sad and plaintive. Contact calls are not heard from great distances.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1

More Information:

Avibase
Handbook of the Birds of the World

Content Sources:

CITES
Lexicon of Parrots
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
xeno-canto Pygmy Hanging Parrot, Nelson, Mike XC151858
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1989.
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.

Click photo to visit gallery

Green Hanging Parrot feeding
© Bishan Monnappa

Did You Know?

Hanging parrots hang upside down when roosting.

Academic Research

Related publications: Loriculus exilis

Species Care

Captive Status:

Rare

Longevity:

Not recorded.

Housing:

2 x 1 x 2m (6.5 x 3.3 x 6.5 ft) planted aviary, with easy to clean foliage. Minimum temperature 20C (68 F), new birds 25C (77 F).

Diet:

Fruits such as: apple and soft pear, cut into halves, pomegranate, guava and cactus fruits; berries such as: blackberries and redcurrants; figs; small seeds such as canary, soaked oats; spray millet; sponge cake and nectar; fresh branches with flowers and buds; insectivorous mixture.

Enrichment:

Provide unsprayed, flowering branches; enjoys bathing so provide overhead misters or shallow water bowls. Also provide willow, elder or saskatoon branches for stripping bark.

Nest Box Size:

Not recorded.

Clutch Size:

3-4

Incubation Time:

Probably 20 days, as in other Loriculus sp.

Fledging Age:

Probably 5 weeks, as in other Loriculus sp.

Hatch Weight:

Not recorded.

Peak Weight:

Not recorded.

Weaning Weight:

Not recorded.

Click photo to visit gallery

Green Hanging Parrot feeding
© Bishan Monnappa

Did You Know?

Hanging parrots hang upside down when roosting.

Academic Research

Related publications: Loriculus exilis

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Unknown, decreasing.

IUCN Red List Status:

Near Threatened

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

It is thought that the extensive deforestation within its elevation range in recent decades has caused a decline in this species' already restricted population.

Range:

Sulawesi, Indonesia.

Habitat:

Found up to 1000m (3280 ft) in forest, woodland, coastal mangrove, around rural areas and in open country.

Wild Diet:

Feeds on fruiting figs or nectar.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Seen in groups of up to five individuals. Forages in the upper canopy; its crawling movements are like that of the Micropsitta or pygmy parrots. Large flocks have been seen in mangroves in May, possibly just after breeding season.

Clutch and Egg Size:

3-4 rounded eggs, 19.5 x 15.0mm (0.8 x 0.6 in).

Breeding Season:

May breed twice in a year; February and August.

Related Links:

AvianWeb

Click photo to visit gallery

Green Hanging Parrot feeding
© Bishan Monnappa

Did You Know?

Hanging parrots hang upside down when roosting.

Academic Research

Related publications: Loriculus exilis

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