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Lear’s Macaw

 (Anodorhynchus leari)

Also known as: Indigo Macaw

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Lear's Macaws, Canudos Station, Brazil
© Miguelrangeljr via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

The Lear's Macaw is dependent on cliff-faces in gorges for nest sites.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Anodorhynchus leari

Species Profile

Genus: Anodorhynchus | Species: leari

Size:

70-75cm (27.3-29.25 in)

Weight:

940-950g (33-33.25 oz)

Races including nominate:

one

Colourization Adult:

Both adults green wash on head and neck; upperparts purple/blue; body in general dark blue to purple/blue. Bill grey/black. Bare eye ring yellow, pale yellow teardrop shaped lappet at sides of lower beak, but not reaching beneath mandible. Eye dark brown.

Colourization Juvenile:

As in adult but with shorter tail and paler skin surrounding beak and eyes.

Call:

Croaking and screeching sounds; weaker and higher pitched than Hyacinth Macaw.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1 | Video 2 | Video 3

More Information:

AvianWeb
Avibase
Arkive
Handbook of the Birds of the World

Content Sources:

CITES
Internet Bird Collection
BirdLife International
A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
Article "Breeding the Lear's Macaw at the Al Wabra Wildlife Preservation," by Simon Bruslund Jensen, Ryan Watson and Dr. Sven Hammer, Australian Birdkeeper, June-July, 2007.
Parrots: Status Survey and Conservation Plan 2000-2004, Snyder, McGowan, Gilardi and Grajal, 2000.
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1989.
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Lear's Macaws, Canudos Station, Brazil
© Miguelrangeljr via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

The Lear's Macaw is dependent on cliff-faces in gorges for nest sites.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Anodorhynchus leari

Species Care

Captive Status:

Extremely rare

Longevity:

60 yrs

Housing:

A large enclosure 15m (50 ft) long in off breeding season - keeping permanently indoors not recommended.

Diet:

Soaked or sprouted sunflower seed, walnuts, peanuts, pecans, Brazil nuts and pine nuts; fresh corn, cooked maize; fruits such as banana, oranges; cubes of cheese, slices of wholemeal bread; nutritionally complete kibble for macaws.

Enrichment:

Large aviary with tree trunk in middle decorated weekly with fresh branches of pine, fir or eucalyptus, large chewable toys made for macaws, the more complex the better, also provide overhead misters for bathing.

Nest Box Size:

Not available

Clutch Size:

2 or 3

Incubation Time:

26-28 days.

Fledging Age:

Not recorded but probably about 13 weeks.

Hatch Weight:

19g (0.7 oz)

Peak Weight:

868g (30.4 oz)

Weaning Weight:

700g (24.5 oz)

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Lear's Macaws, Canudos Station, Brazil
© Miguelrangeljr via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

The Lear's Macaw is dependent on cliff-faces in gorges for nest sites.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Anodorhynchus leari

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Over 1200

IUCN Red List Status:

Endangered

CITES Listing:

Appendix I

Threat Summary:

This species is threatened by habitat loss, hunting, and the wild bird trade.

Range:

Confined to the Raso da Catarina plateau, NE Bahia, Brazil.

Habitat:

Found in dry, rugged caatinga (thorn scrub) terrain. Mostly in areas with Syagrus coronata palms.

Wild Diet:

Staple food item is Syagrus palm nuts; also fruits, agave flowers and maize. Liquid from unripe palm fruit is thought to be major source of moisture.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Gregarious and in flocks. Roost in communes in weathered crevices near top of sandstone ravines. Leaves in groups to fly, foraging before dawn and returning at dusk.

Clutch and Egg Size:

2 or 3 eggs, 57.0 x 38.5 mm (2.2 x 1.5 in).

Breeding Season:

February - April (wet season).

Related Links:

Wikipedia
Cornell Lab of Ornithology Neotropical Birds

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Lear's Macaws, Canudos Station, Brazil
© Miguelrangeljr via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

The Lear's Macaw is dependent on cliff-faces in gorges for nest sites.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Anodorhynchus leari

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