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Lilian’s Lovebird

 (Agapornis lilianae)

Also known as: Nyasa Lovebird

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Lilian's Lovebird
© Hans Hillewaert | Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

The nest of Lilian's Lovebird is a bulky, domed structure with an entrance tube made from bark strips, twigs and stems.

Programs & Projects

WPT has worked with numerous partners to help save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Agapornis lilianae

Species Profile

Genus: Agapornis | Species: lilianae

Size:

13.5cm (5.3 in)

Weight:

28-37g (1.0-1.3 oz)

Races including nominate:

one

Colour Adult:

Both adults orange/red forehead and throat, mixing into salmon-pink on crown, face and upper breast; green upper tail coverts; green tail, the lateral feathers black at base, with yellow/orange border and banded black near tip. Bill bright red. Eye dark red/brown.

Colour Juvenile:

In general duller than adults, with varying black wash on cheeks. Upper mandible black at base.

Call:

Calls are high-pitched and twittering in flight or when perched.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1

More Information:

AvianWeb
Avibase
Handbook of the Birds of the World
Lovebirds: New in Paradise

Content Sources:

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Lilian's Lovebird
© Hans Hillewaert | Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

The nest of Lilian's Lovebird is a bulky, domed structure with an entrance tube made from bark strips, twigs and stems.

Programs & Projects

WPT has worked with numerous partners to help save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Agapornis lilianae

Species Care

Captive Status:

Rare

Longevity:

Not recorded.

Housing:

Single pair in avairy 2 x 1 x 2m (6.5 x 3.3 x 6.5 ft) or large birdroom cage; three or more pairs in communal enclosure, 1 square metre (11 square feet) per pair. New birds no less than 20C (68 F).

Diet:

Seed mix such as: millet, canary, and some niger, sunflower and hemp; millet spray (dry or sprouted), seeding grasses; green leaves such as: Swiss chard, lettuce, kale, sowthistle, dandelion, chickweed; fruit such as: apple, pear, banana, orange, pomegranate, cactus fruits, figs; vegetables such as: carrot, celery, green beans and peas in the pod; sprouted beans; softened rusk and eggfood for rearing; vitamin and mineral supplements; complete kibble.

Enrichment:

Vigorous chewer so provide plenty of unsprayed, bird-safe flowering, fir, pine, willow, beech or elder branches, wooden block or vegetable tanned leather chew toys, heat sterilized pine cones. Also enjoys bathing so provide overhead misters or shallow water bowls.

Nest Box Size:

Vertical box 15cm x 15cm x 25cm (6 x 6 x 10 in) with fresh branches for the birds to peel the bark off.

Clutch Size:

3-8

Incubation Time:

21-22 days

Fledging Age:

35 days

Hatch Weight:

Not recorded.

Peak Weight:

Not recorded.

Weaning Weight:

Not recorded.

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Lilian's Lovebird
© Hans Hillewaert | Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

The nest of Lilian's Lovebird is a bulky, domed structure with an entrance tube made from bark strips, twigs and stems.

Programs & Projects

WPT has worked with numerous partners to help save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Agapornis lilianae

Species Wild Status

World Population:

10,000 - 20,000

IUCN Red List Status:

Near Threatened

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

This species is threatened by loss of mature Mopane woodland habitat, persecution by farmers, capture for local and international wild bird trade and indiscriminate poisoning of waterholes used for drinking.

Range:

S Tanzania, Zambia-Zimbabwe border district, NW Mozambique, S Malawi and SE Zambia to N Zimbabwe. Possibly introduced in Lundazi district, NE Zambia.

Habitat:

Found up to 1000m (3280 ft) in mopane and Acacia sp. woodland on alluvium and in riparian forest in river valleys. Prefers areas with fig trees.

Wild Diet:

Feeds on grass seeds, millet, sorghum and seeds of annual herbs, flowers, berries and leaf buds.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Very social, gathering in noisy flocks of 20-100 birds and more, particularly where food abundant. Non-breeding birds form communal roosts in tree hollows where up to 20 birds at a time sleep, hanging on to walls of chamber. Before retiring for the night there is much squabbling and chasing to and fro. Foraging is directly from plant and on the ground.

Clutch and Egg Size:

3-8 slightly elliptical eggs, 20.5 x 16.5mm (0.8 x 0.6 in).

Breeding Season:

January-February, September, Zimbabwe; January-July Zambia.

Related Links:

Wikipedia
Arkive
Article - The drinking habits of Lilian's Lovebird and incidents of poisoning at waterholes

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Lilian's Lovebird
© Hans Hillewaert | Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

The nest of Lilian's Lovebird is a bulky, domed structure with an entrance tube made from bark strips, twigs and stems.

Programs & Projects

WPT has worked with numerous partners to help save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Agapornis lilianae

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