Member Login

Username

Password

Auto-login for future visits

Join or Renew Today!

Membership Benefits:

Close Button

Maroon-tailed Conure

 (Pyrrhura melanura)

Also known as: Maroon-tailed Parakeet, Black-tailed Conure or Parakeet, Souance's Conure or Parakeet (P.m. souancei), Choco Conure or Parakeet (P.m. pacifica)

Click photo to visit gallery

Maroon-tailed Conure
© John Gerrard Keulemans

Did You Know?

Conures are avid bathers. They love to splash about in water, becoming thoroughly drenched. Some conures are stimulated to bathe by the sound of running water.

Academic Research

Related publications: Pyrrhura melanura

Species Profile

Genus: Pyrrhura | Species: melanura

Size:

24cm (9.4 in)

Weight:

83-85g (3-3.3 oz)

Races including nominate:

five: P.m. melanura, P.m. souancei, P.m. berlepschi, P.m. pacifica, P.m. chapmani

Colour Adult:

P.m. melanura: Both adults crown to nape coloured brown, with obvious green margins to feathers; cheeks and ear coverts green; breast green with white/buff and brown scalloping; primary coverts red, widely tipped with orange/yellow; tail dark brown/red, thinly marked green toward base. Bill pale grey. Eye ring bare and white, eye brown.
P.m. souancei: Both adults as in melanura, but with dusky brown wash on breast and more widely marked grey/white; no orange/yellow tips to red primary coverts; varying red feathers on carpal (wrist) edge on wing; abdomen tinged brown/red, forming, in some birds, a faded patch; tail more widely green toward base.
P.m. berlepschi: Both adults as in souancei, but feathers on breast tipped dusky brown and more widely barred with grey/white, in some birds appearing almost completely white; cheeks brighter green tinted with olive; uniform red on carpal edge; abdomen more uniformly tinted brown/red.
P.m. pacifica: Both adults different from melanura by green forecrown; breast narrowly scalloped buff/white; no orange/yellow tips to red primary coverts; carpal edge red; red/brown on abdomen absent; tail shorter with more red and less brown. Eye ring feathered and skin around eye grey.
P.m. chapmani: Both adults differ from souancei by having breast and neck entirely brown, widely barred with buff/white and darker brown; crown to nape brown in colour without green edging to feathers; red in median wing covert, but primary coverts both red and green interchangeably; more noticeable red/brown marking on abdomen; tail narrowly green toward base; larger in size.

Colour Juvenile:

As in adults but with fainter marking on breast, shorter tail and paler grey bill.

Call:

Calls have been noted particularly harsh, especially those in flight, repeated quickly and often from many members of group.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1 | Video 2

More Information:

AvianWeb
Avibase
Handbook of the Birds of the World

Content Sources:

CITES
Lexicon of Parrots
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
ML Media Collection Catalogue 29333, Maroon-tailed Parakeet Pyrrhura melanura, Parker, Theodore A., III, Loreto, Peru, Jun. 1 1982, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
A Guide to Popular Conures as Pet and Aviary Birds, Dorge and Sibley, 2001.
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006. 2010 edition
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.

Click photo to visit gallery

Maroon-tailed Conure
© John Gerrard Keulemans

Did You Know?

Conures are avid bathers. They love to splash about in water, becoming thoroughly drenched. Some conures are stimulated to bathe by the sound of running water.

Academic Research

Related publications: Pyrrhura melanura

Species Care

Captive Status:

Uncommon

Longevity:

As with other Pyrrhura species probably between 15-25 yrs.

Housing:

Aviary or suspended enclosure, minimum length 2m (6.5 ft).

Diet:

Fruit such as: apple, pear, orange, cactus fruits, pomegranate, forming about 30 percent of diet; vegetables such as: carrot, celery, green peas and beans, corn; green leaves such as: Swiss chard, lettuce, sowthistle, dandelion, chickweed; spray millet; small seed mix such as: canary, millet, safflower, oats, buckwheat; soaked and sprouted sunflower; cooked beans and pulses, and complete pellet.

Enrichment:

Provide planted aviary if possible, and provide bird-safe chewable wood and toys. Enjoys bathing, so provide overhead misters or shallow water bowls.

Nest Box Size:

8" x 8" x 28" (20.3cm x 20.3cm x 71cm) vertical box.

Clutch Size:

4 or 5

Incubation Time:

23 days

Fledging Age:

7 weeks

Hatch Weight:

Not recorded.

Peak Weight:

Not recorded.

Weaning Weight:

Not recorded.

Click photo to visit gallery

Maroon-tailed Conure
© John Gerrard Keulemans

Did You Know?

Conures are avid bathers. They love to splash about in water, becoming thoroughly drenched. Some conures are stimulated to bathe by the sound of running water.

Academic Research

Related publications: Pyrrhura melanura

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Unknown, decreasing.

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

None at present, although heavily traded in significant numbers in the wild bird trade during the late 1980s.

Range:

P.m. melanura: Upper Amazon River basin, from SE Colombia in SE Guainia, Vaupes and Amazonas, and S Venezuela, in Amazonas and E Bolivar, to Rio Negro And Rio Solimoes and tributaries, NW Brazil, and middle to lower Rio Napo drainage in E Ecuador and NE Peru.
P.m. souancei: Eastern lowlands of Andes in S Colombia, south from Macarena Mountains, in E Ecuador, and possibly in N Peru.
P.m. berlepschi: Lowland eastern slopes of Andes in Morona-Santiago, SE Ecuador, and E Peru, south to Rio Huallaga valley.
P.m. pacifica: Pacific slope of Andes in NW Ecuador, south to northern Los Rios, and in Narino, SW Colombia.
P.m. chapmani: Between 1600-2800m (5248-9184 ft) in upper Rio Magdalena valley on eastern slope of Cordillera Central, in Huila and southern Tolima, C Colombia.

Habitat:

Found in varied habitats from tropical to temperate zone areas including varzea, lowland and low mountainous rainforest and cloud forest, often in partly cleared areas and edges. Also secondary forest. Up to 3200m (10,496 ft).

Wild Diet:

Feeds on fruits and tree bark.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Seen in groups of 6-12 individuals, keeping to canopy and tree top areas. Moves to lower branches to forage for food. May be seasonally nomadic in some parts of Colombia.

Clutch and Egg Size:

4 or 5 eggs

Breeding Season:

April-June

Related Links:

Wikipedia
Cornell Lab of Ornithology Neotropical Birds

Click photo to visit gallery

Maroon-tailed Conure
© John Gerrard Keulemans

Did You Know?

Conures are avid bathers. They love to splash about in water, becoming thoroughly drenched. Some conures are stimulated to bathe by the sound of running water.

Academic Research

Related publications: Pyrrhura melanura

Members Only Resources

Please log-in now to find more research, resources and tools.

Not a Member?

Find more great information:

Gain exclusive access to 600+ pages of additional research, seminars and podcasts, specialists to ask your toughest questions, and dozens of other fun resources - when you become a WPT member.

Already a Member?

Encyclopedia

Search by:
Common Name


Geographic Location


Type of Parrot


Taxonomic Name


Sign Up to Stay Informed




Become A WPT Member Check out the Latest Podcasts