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Meyer’s Parrot

 (Poicephalus meyeri)

Also known as: Brown Parrot, Sudan Brown Parrot

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Wild Meyer's Parrots
© Oce Eeco via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

Since 1981, when the Meyer's was listed on Appendix II, 75,387 individuals have been traded on international market.

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WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Poicephalus meyeri

Species Profile

Genus: Poicephalus | Species: meyeri

Size:

21 cm (8.2 in)

Weight:

100-135g (3.5-4.7 oz)

Races including nominate:

six: P.m. meyeri, P.m. saturatus, P.m. matschiei, P.m. transvaalensis, P.m. reichenowi, P.m. damarensis

Colourization Adult:

P.m. meyeri: Both adults grey/brown with yellow stripe across crown; blue/green lower breast to tail coverts and rump, variably more blue than green; yellow thighs, bend of wing, lesser wing coverts and underwing coverts; underwings where flight feathers are pale grey suffused with yellow; tail brown. Bill dark grey. Cere bare and brown/grey, eye ring brown/grey. Eye orange/red.
P.m. transvaalensis: Both adults as in meyeri, but with paler head and upperparts; little yellow or absent across crown; lower underparts more blue; bright blue rump.
P.m. damarensis: Both adults as in transvaalensis, but in general paler; yellow band across crown absent.
P.m. reichenowi: Both adults as in meyeri but darker brown in colour; yellow stripe across crown absent; undersides of flight feathers dark grey.
P.m. matschiei: Both adults as in reichenowi but with less yellow band across crown; underparts washed with blue; bright blue rump.
P.m. saturatus: Both adults head and upperparts darker brown; green rump, suffused with pale blue; undersides of flight feathers dark grey.

Colourization Juvenile:

Generally more greenish-brown than adult. No yellow on head or thighs.  Less yellow on bend of wing. Underwing green and brown. Underparts more green.  Eye dark brown.

Call:

Call a series of screeches often with brief pauses.  Birds in flight duet with one another. Growling call can rise to shrieking cry when alarmed.  Flock emit chorus of excitement calls.  Captive birds mimickers.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1 | Video 2

More Information:

Avibase
Handbook of the Birds of the World

Content Sources:

CITES
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1989. 2010 edition
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.
Parrots: Their Care and Breeding, Low, 1986.
Psittacine Aviculture, Schubot, Clubb and Clubb, 1992.

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Meyer's Parrots
© Oce Eeco via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

Since 1981, when the Meyer's was listed on Appendix II, 75,387 individuals have been traded on international market.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Poicephalus meyeri

Species Care

Captive Status:

Common

Longevity:

20-25 yrs

Housing:

Walk-in aviary, minimum length 2.1m (7 ft), or indoor cage minimum length 1.8m (6 ft).

Diet:

Cooked beans and pulses, boiled corn; sunflower, dry, soaked or sprouted; walnuts, fruit, especially apple, orange, banana, rearing food (hard-boiled egg, wholegrain bread, low-fat cheese and carrot, all ground to crumbly consistency); fresh vegetables, complete pellet.

Enrichment:

Enjoys bathing so provide overhead misters or shallow water bowls; foot toys, destructible (non-toxic) toys, non-destructible (non-toxic plastic) toys, food-finder toys, preening toys, different texture and size hanging perch toys, fir, pine, elder or willow branches, push-and-pull toys (sliding up and down), vegetable tanned leather toys.

Nest Box Size:

Vertical box, 12" x 12" x 24" (30.5cm x 30.5cm x 61cm).

Clutch Size:

2 to 4

Incubation Time:

26 days

Fledging Age:

9 weeks

Hatch Weight:

5g (0.2 oz)

Peak Weight:

Not available

Weaning Weight:

124g (4.3 oz)

Specialist Club:

Wings Central African Parrot Society

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Meyer's Parrots
© Oce Eeco via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

Since 1981, when the Meyer's was listed on Appendix II, 75,387 individuals have been traded on international market.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Poicephalus meyeri

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Unknown, stable.

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

Generally common in some parts of range, scarce and absent in others. Decline thought to be due to habitat destruction and persecution owing to damage of crops. Also has been heavily trapped for wild bird trade.

Range:

P.m meyeri: NE Cameroon through S Chad east to S Sudan, W Ethiopia and SW Eritrea.
P.m. transvaalensis: S Zambia and N Mocambique through Zimbabwe to NE Botswana and south to Transvaal, NE Republic of S Africa.
P.m. damarensis: NW Botswana, west to C Namibia and S Angola.
P.m. reichenowi: N and C Angola and SW Democratic Republic of Congo.
P.m. matschiei: SE Democratic Republic of Congo, C and N Zambia and northern Malawi SW Tanzania.
P.m. saturatus: W Tanzania, through Burundi, Rwanda and E Democratic Republic of Congo to Uganda and C Kenya, east to Meru.

Habitat:

Occurs in wide variety of woodlands: dry savanna, gallery and riparian woodlands, secondary growth and cultivated areas. Up to 2200m (7216 ft).

Wild Diet:

Eats fruits, nuts and seeds; some leguminous tree seeds. Also takes grain, some insects, including caterpillars.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Found occasionally in suburban areas. Occurs in pairs or groups of up to 50 birds at food sources. Roosts in tree cavities. Shy and wary.

Clutch and Egg Size:

2 to 4, ovate, glossy eggs, 25.5 x 20.0 mm (1 x 0.8 in).

Breeding Season:

March-Jun Zimbabwe; May-September Zambia and Malawi; July Angola; December-January Sudan.

Related Links:

Wikipedia
Flocking dynamics and roosting behaviour of Meyer's Parrot in the Okavango Delta, Botswana
Do Meyer's Parrots benefit pollination and seed dispersal of plants in the Okavango Delta, Botswana
 

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Meyer's Parrots
© Oce Eeco via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

Since 1981, when the Meyer's was listed on Appendix II, 75,387 individuals have been traded on international market.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Poicephalus meyeri

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