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Mountain Parakeet

 (Psilopsiagon aurifrons)

Also known as: Golden-fronted Parakeet, Robert's Parakeet (P.a. robertsi), Margarita's Parakeet (P.a. margaritae)

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Male Mountain Parakeet
© Juan Malo de Molina, Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

The Mountain Parakeet lives at high altitudes, up to 11,500ft.

Academic Research

Related publications: Psilopsiagon aurifrons

Species Profile

Genus: Psilopsiagon | Species: aurifrons

Size:

18cm (7 in)

Weight:

45g (1.5 oz)

Races including nominate:

four: P.a. aurifrons, P.a. robertsi, P.a. margaritae, P.a. rubrirostris

Colour Adult:

P.a. aurifrons: Male-mainly green in colour; yellow face, throat, and sides of breast; emerald green cheeks; strong yellow wash on lower breast and upper abdomen; blue outer webs of primary feathers. Bill horn in colour. Eye brown. Female-yellow on forehead and lores absent.
P.a. robertsi: Male-darker green underparts, omitting chin and throat, yellow wash absent; bright yellow chin and throat. Female-as in aurifrons, but underparts darker green.
P.a. margaritae: Both adults as in female aurifrons. Larger in size; shorter tail. Bill horn coloured in male, dusky grey in female.
P.a. rubrirostris: Both adults as in margaritae, but darker green head and underparts, tinted with blue. Bill pink/buff in male, dusky grey in female.

Colour Juvenile:

P.a. aurifrons: As in adult female, but with shorter tail.

Call:

Calls are described as weak and piping; also a high-pitched twittering. Some notes rolling.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1 | Video 2 | Video 3

More Information:

Avibase
Handbook of the Birds of the World

Content Sources:

CITES
Lexicon of Parrots
Reference.com
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1977. 2010 edition
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.

Click photo to visit gallery

Male Mountain Parakeet
© Juan Malo de Molina, Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

The Mountain Parakeet lives at high altitudes, up to 11,500ft.

Academic Research

Related publications: Psilopsiagon aurifrons

Species Care

Captive Status:

Rare in captivity.

Longevity:

10-15 yrs

Housing:

Needs hiding places so provide boxes and foliage where birds can disappear from view. Provide cage or aviary, indoors (if warm) or outdoors, minimum length 1.2m (4 ft).

Diet:

Small seed mix such as: canary, millet and smaller amounts of oats, buckwheat, safflower and a little hemp; limited sunflower seed; spray millet; green leaves such as: Swiss chard, lettuce, sowthistle, dandelion, chickweed; and seeding grasses; rearing food made from: hardboiled egg, wholegrain bread and carrot, all ground to crumbly consistency; fruits such as: apple, pear, banana, mango, cactus fruit, papaya, kiwi, pomegranate; complete kibble; calcium and vitamin D3 supplements.

Enrichment:

Provide much foliage for birds to fly in and out of; provide places to hide and bathe. Not vigorous chewers. Provide unsprayed flowering branches for the buds.

Nest Box Size:

Vertical box 8" x 8" x 32" (20.3cm x 20.3 x 81.3cm).

Clutch Size:

5

Incubation Time:

23 days

Fledging Age:

7 weeks

Hatch Weight:

Not recorded.

Peak Weight:

Not recorded.

Weaning Weight:

Not recorded.

Click photo to visit gallery

Male Mountain Parakeet
© Juan Malo de Molina, Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

The Mountain Parakeet lives at high altitudes, up to 11,500ft.

Academic Research

Related publications: Psilopsiagon aurifrons

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Unknown, stable.

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

None at present.

Range:

P.a. aurifrons: C Peru.
P.a. robertsi: Rio Maranon valley, NW Peru.
P.a. margaritae: S Peru, CW Bolivia and N Chile to NW Argentina.
P.a. rubrirostris: NW Argentina and C Chile.

Habitat:

Found up to 3500m (11,480 ft) in shrubby and wooded habitats including riparian thickets and thorny scrub, mist vegetation in coastal W Peru and open grasslands with scattered bushes and cacti on puna; also agricultural areas, plantations and urban gardens and parks.

Wild Diet:

Feeds on buds, seeds, legumes and berries.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Social; searches for food in bushes and on the ground. Nests in crevices or holes in rocky outcrops or high banks.

Clutch and Egg Size:

5 broadly elliptical eggs, 28.5 x 20.0mm (1.1 x 0.8 in).

Breeding Season:

October-December, N Chile; February-March, Argentina.

Related Links:

Peru Birds
Cornell Lab of Ornithology Neotropical Birds

Click photo to visit gallery

Male Mountain Parakeet
© Juan Malo de Molina, Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

The Mountain Parakeet lives at high altitudes, up to 11,500ft.

Academic Research

Related publications: Psilopsiagon aurifrons

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