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Olive-shouldered Parrot

 (Aprosmictus jonquillaceus)

Also known as: Timor Red-winged Parrot, Timor Crimson-winged Parrot, Timor Parrot

Click photo to visit gallery

Olive-shouldered Parrot, Walsrode Park
© Dr. Nasser Halaweh [CC BY-SA 2.0]

Did You Know?

The Olive-shouldered Parrot has also been called 'Jonquil Parrot.'

Academic Research

Related publications: Aprosmictus jonquillaceus

Species Profile

Genus: Aprosmictus | Species: jonquillaceus

Size:

35cm (13.6 in)

Weight:

130g (4.5 oz)

Races including nominate:

two: A.j. jonquillaceus, A.j. wetterensis

Colour Adult:

A.j. jonquillaceus: Male-bright yellow/green body; dark green with blue tint to mantle and upper back; lower back and rump blue; inner lesser and middle wing coverts yellow tinted with green; outer median and secondary wing coverts red; tail green tinted with green/yellow. Bill orange/red with yellow tip. Eye orange. Female-as in male but mantle and upper back duller green with blue markings absent; outer secondary coverts red tipped with yellow. Eye brown/orange.
A.j. wetterensis: Male-as in jonquillaceus but inner lesser and middle wing coverts green washed with yellow; mantle and upper back more pale green in colour with less blue markings; less red on outer middle and secondary wing coverts; smaller in size. Female-as in jonquillaceus, but upper wing coverts darker green; slightly smaller in size.

Colour Juvenile:

A.j. jonquillaceus: As in adult female but inner lesser and middle wing coverts green. Eye pale brown.
A.j. wetterensis: As in jonquillaceus, but upper wing coverts darker green; smaller in size.

Call:

Said to be a series of one-note, abrupt and harsh squawks. Also grating tone heard. Emitted while in flight.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1

More Information:

Avibase
Handbook of the Birds of the World

Content Sources:

Click photo to visit gallery

Olive-shouldered Parrot, Walsrode Park
© Dr. Nasser Halaweh [CC BY-SA 2.0]

Did You Know?

The Olive-shouldered Parrot has also been called 'Jonquil Parrot.'

Academic Research

Related publications: Aprosmictus jonquillaceus

Species Care

Captive Status:

Rare

Longevity:

Probably similar to Red-winged Parrot, around 40 yrs.

Housing:

Walk-in enclosure, minimum length 3m (9.8 ft).

Diet:

Small seed mixture such as: canary, oats, safflower; spray millet; limited sunflower seed, dry, soaked or sprouted; sprouted pulses such as mung beans, cooked butterbeans and lentils; boiled corn or maize; green leaves such as: Swiss chard, lettuce, sowthistle, dandelion, chickweed; vegetables such as: carrot, celery, zucchini, green beans and peas in the pod; fruit such as: apple, pear, orange, banana, cactus fruits, pomegranate; nuts such as: hazelnuts, pecans and roasted peanuts, complete pellet.

Enrichment:

Room to fly and exercise, many perches, bathing, foraging items (bird-safe branches, sterilized pine cones).

Nest Box Size:

Nest log 10" (25.4cm) wide and 3-4' deep.

Clutch Size:

4 or 5

Incubation Time:

21 days

Fledging Age:

5-6 weeks

Hatch Weight:

Not recorded.

Peak Weight:

Not recorded.

Weaning Weight:

Not recorded.

Click photo to visit gallery

Olive-shouldered Parrot, Walsrode Park
© Dr. Nasser Halaweh [CC BY-SA 2.0]

Did You Know?

The Olive-shouldered Parrot has also been called 'Jonquil Parrot.'

Academic Research

Related publications: Aprosmictus jonquillaceus

Species Wild Status

World Population:

About 10,000

IUCN Red List Status:

Near Threatened

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

Wild bird trade, and habitat destruction and fragmentation.

Range:

A.j. jonquillaceus: Timor and Roti Island.
A.j. wetterensis: Wetar Island.

Habitat:

Occurs up to 2800m (9184 ft). Found in woodland, Acacia savanna, primary and secondary forest. On Wetar also seen in recently logged area near coast.

Wild Diet:

Probably similar to that of the Red-winged Parrot: seeds, fruit, flowers and insects; in mangroves, mistletoe is favoured.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Probably similar to that of the Red-winged Parrot which is found in small groups of up to fifteen individuals; the largest groups forming outside the breeding season.

Clutch and Egg Size:

4 or 5 eggs

Breeding Season:

Unknown, but probably similar to that of the Red-winged Parrot.

Related Links:

Oriental Bird Club - image

Click photo to visit gallery

Olive-shouldered Parrot, Walsrode Park
© Dr. Nasser Halaweh [CC BY-SA 2.0]

Did You Know?

The Olive-shouldered Parrot has also been called 'Jonquil Parrot.'

Academic Research

Related publications: Aprosmictus jonquillaceus

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