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Plum-headed Parakeet

 (Psittacula cyanocephala)
 
Click photo to visit gallery

Plum-headed Parakeet feeding
© Bishan Monnappa

Did You Know?

The Plum-headed Parakeet can be housed in a spacious flight with non-aggressive softbills or finches.

Academic Research

Related publications: Psittacula cyanocephala

Species Profile

Genus: Psittacula | Species: cyanocephala

Size:

33 cm (12.8 in)

Weight:

66-80g (2.3-2.8 oz)

Races including nominate:

one

Colour Adult:

Male-body colour in general yellow/green; head deep red in colour, washed with blue/purple on hindcrown to nape and lower cheeks; black chin strap and wide stripe across lower cheeks, extending as narrow line round hindneck and bordered below by broad blue/green collar; dark red spot on inner median wing coverts; long centre tail feathers deep blue tipped with white, the side tail feathers yellow/green tipped with yellow. Upper mandible orange/yellow, lower brown/black. Eye yellow/white. Female-dull blue/grey head; variable yellow collar replacing black marks present in male; red shoulder spot absent. Upper mandible pale yellow, lower grey.

Colour Juvenile:

As in female but with green head, pale orange frontal band; short tail. Bill yellow. Red shoulder spot absent. Eye grey.

Call:

Flight call distinctive: toowinck-toowinck.  More musical than ring-necked.  Male song complicated; consists of sequence of rising and falling notes.  Chattering and rapid shrill notes reported.  Alarm calls scolding.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1 | Video 2

More Information:

AvianWeb
Avibase
Handbook of the Birds of the World

Content Sources:

CITES
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
ML Media Collection Catalogue 111477, Plum-headed Parakeet Psittacula cyanocephala, Macaulay, Linda, Nepal, Mar. 3 1999, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1989. 2010 edition
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.
Psittacine Aviculture, Schubot, Clubb and Clubb, 1992.
Encyclopedia of Caged and Aviary Birds, Alderton, 2002.

Click photo to visit gallery

Plum-headed Parakeet feeding
© Bishan Monnappa

Did You Know?

The Plum-headed Parakeet can be housed in a spacious flight with non-aggressive softbills or finches.

Academic Research

Related publications: Psittacula cyanocephala

Species Care

Captive Status:

Well established in captivity.

Longevity:

15-25 yrs

Housing:

Walk-in aviary minimum length 3m (9.8 ft).

Diet:

Soaked or sprouted sunflower, mixture of small seeds: canary, millet and smaller amounts of oats, buckwheat and safflower; spray millet, green leaves, rearing food made from: hard-boiled egg, wholegrain bread, low-fat cheese and carrot, all ground to crumbly consistency; fruit especially apple, and others.

Enrichment:

Swings, bird-safe chewable wood such as fir, pine, willow and elder, and heat sterilized pine cones, ladders, vegetable tanned leather toys, foot toys, climbing ropes, bathing, push and pull toys.

Nest Box Size:

Vertical box 12" x 12" x 24" (30.5cm x 30.5cm x 61cm).

Clutch Size:

4 or 5

Incubation Time:

23 or 24 days

Fledging Age:

7 weeks

Hatch Weight:

5g (0.2 oz)

Peak Weight:

Not available

Weaning Weight:

Not available

Click photo to visit gallery

Plum-headed Parakeet feeding
© Bishan Monnappa

Did You Know?

The Plum-headed Parakeet can be housed in a spacious flight with non-aggressive softbills or finches.

Academic Research

Related publications: Psittacula cyanocephala

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Unknown, decreasing.

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

Decline in Sri Lanka due to habitat loss. Also has declined in Kathmandu valley, Nepal.

Range:

Lower Himalayan hills from NE Pakistan across to Nepal, Bhutan and West Bengal. Almost all of India and Sri Lanka and Rameswaram Island.

Habitat:

Occurs in woodland and farmland and in plains and foothills. Forests include: moist deciduous, sal Shorea forest and subtropical pine stands. Favours terrain generally below 500m (1640 ft) but locally up to 1500m (4920 ft).

Wild Diet:

Feeds on shrub flowers, wild pomegranate, nectar, grain including sorghum and maize, figs, apricots, red peppers and thistle seeds. Also bamboo seeds in Bandhavgrh National Park.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Forages in mixed flocks with Slaty-headed and Malabar parakeets. Often breeds in colonies. Male territorial.

Clutch and Egg Size:

4 to 5 spherical eggs, 25.0 x 20.0mm (1 x 0.8 in).

Breeding Season:

December/January-April, sometimes July-August in Sri Lanka.

Related Links:

Wikipedia
 

Click photo to visit gallery

Plum-headed Parakeet feeding
© Bishan Monnappa

Did You Know?

The Plum-headed Parakeet can be housed in a spacious flight with non-aggressive softbills or finches.

Academic Research

Related publications: Psittacula cyanocephala

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