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Red-breasted Parakeet

 (Psittacula alexandri)

Also known as: Moustached Parakeet, Banded Parakeet, Bearded Parakeet, Rose-breasted Parakeet, Pink-breasted Parakeet, Indian Red-breasted Parakeet (P.a. fasciata), Javan Parakeet (P.a. alexandri)

Click photo to visit gallery

Red-breasted Parakeet perched at tree trunk
© Dr. Vijay Anand Ismavel MS, MCh

Did You Know?

The Red-breasted Parakeet has been heavily traded on the wild bird market: since 1981, 129,965 individuals have been recorded in international trade.

Academic Research

Related publications: Psittacula alexandri

Species Profile

Genus: Psittacula | Species: alexandri

Size:

33cm (12.9 in)

Weight:

156g (5.5 oz)

Races including nominate:

eight: P.a. alexandri, P.a. kangeanensis, P.a. dammermani, P.a. fasciata, P.a. abbotti, P.a. cala, P.a. major, P.a. peronica

Colourization Adult:

P.a. alexandri: Both adults green upperparts; green/yellow median wing coverts forming large patch on wing; grey head, with varying tinges of blue, and around eyes washed with green; black narrow line from forehead to eyes and black wide band across lower cheeks; salmon/pink throat to upper abdomen which is duller in female; green lower abdomen to undertail coverts with blue suffusion; blue central tail feathers tipped with yellow/green. Bill coral red. Eye pale yellow.
P.a. kangeanensis: Both adults as in alexandri, but minimal blue wash on grey head; yellow wing patch in male more extensive. Larger bill.
P.a. dammermani: Both adults as in alexandri, but larger in size; crown more blue. Bill heavier.
P.a. fasciata: Male-differs from alexandri by head being more blue/grey; dark pink throat to upper abdomen suffused with lilac/blue. Upper mandible red, lower mandible brown/black. Female-breast less washed with lilac and reaching up side of neck in front of green hindneck; grey head less blue. Bill black.
P.a. abbotti: Both adults as in fasciata, but in general colour paler. Larger in size.
P.a. cala: Both adults as in fasciata, but larger in size; paler green upperparts; less lilac/blue wash on throat to upper abdomen, particularly in female.
P.a. major: Both adults as in cala, but larger in size; in male, less blue wash on lower abdomen to undertail coverts.
P.a. peronica: Both adults as in major, but slightly smaller in size; in male, brighter green lower abdomen to undertail coverts.

Colourization Juvenile:

P.a. alexandri: Green crown and underparts; dark brown lower cheeks; brown/grey wash on green sides of head; green median wing coverts margined with yellow/green. Tail short. Bill pale red. Eye grey.
P.a. fasciata: As in alexandri. Bill orange/red.

Call:

Calls are described as raucous and trumpet-like. Also shrill notes, shrieks and whistles, and plaintive sounds.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1 | Video 2 | Video 3

More Information:

AvianWeb
Avibase
Handbook of the Birds of the World

Content Sources:

CITES
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
ML Media Collection Catalogue 113667, Red-breasted Parakeet Psittacula alexandri, Macaulay, Linda, Vietnam, Feb. 3 2000, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1977. 2010 edition
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.
Psittacine Aviculture, Schubot, Clubb and Clubb, 1992.

Click photo to visit gallery

Red-breasted Parakeet perched at tree trunk
© Dr. Vijay Anand Ismavel MS, MCh

Did You Know?

The Red-breasted Parakeet has been heavily traded on the wild bird market: since 1981, 129,965 individuals have been recorded in international trade.

Academic Research

Related publications: Psittacula alexandri

Species Care

Captive Status:

Fairly common.

Longevity:

20-25yrs

Housing:

Walk-in enclosure, minimum length 3m (9.8 ft).

Diet:

Small seed mix such as: canary, millet and smaller amounts of oats, buckwheat, safflower and a little hemp; limited sunflower seed; spray millet; green leaves such as: Swiss chard, lettuce, sowthistle, dandelion, chickweed; and seeding grasses; peanuts; oats and boiled maize when rearing young; complete pellet.

Enrichment:

Are vigorous chewers so provide bird-safe, unsprayed branches (fir, willow, pine and elder) and limbs, wooden toys, vegetable tanned leather toys, heat sterilized pine cones.

Nest Box Size:

Vertical box 12" x 12" x 18" (30.5cm x 30.5cm x 46cm).

Clutch Size:

3-4

Incubation Time:

23-24 days

Fledging Age:

7 weeks

Hatch Weight:

Not available

Peak Weight:

Not available

Weaning Weight:

Not available

Specialist Club:

Psittacula World

Click photo to visit gallery

Red-breasted Parakeet perched at tree trunk
© Dr. Vijay Anand Ismavel MS, MCh

Did You Know?

The Red-breasted Parakeet has been heavily traded on the wild bird market: since 1981, 129,965 individuals have been recorded in international trade.

Academic Research

Related publications: Psittacula alexandri

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Unknown, decreasing.

IUCN Red List Status:

Near Threatened

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

Ongoing habitat destruction and unsustainable expoitation.

Range:

P.a. alexandri: Java and Bali, Indonesia; introduced to Barito region, Kalimantan, SE Borneo.
P.a. kangeanensis: Kangean Islands, Java Sea.
P.a. dammermani: Karimunjawa Islands, in Java Sea.
P.a. fasciata: Lower Himalayas from N Uttar Pradesh east to Arunachal Pradesh and Assam, N India, and through Burma, Thailands, south to Ranong, and Indochina to SE China, in SE Xizang, Yunnan, SW Guangxi, and Hainan Island; introduced Singapore, Hong Kong, and cities in southern Guandong, SE China.
P.a. abbotti: Andaman Islands, in Bay of Bengal.
P.a. cala: Simeulue Island, off northwest coast of Sumatra.
P.a. major: Banyak Islands, off west coast of Sumatra.
P.a. peronica: Nias Island, off west coast of Sumatra.

Habitat:

Found up to 1500m (4920 ft) in all forest types and wooded areas including dry forest, moist-deciduous secondary rainforest, mangroves, coconut and mango groves, cultivated areas with trees, parks and urban areas.

Wild Diet:

Feeds on wild figs, cultivated and wild fruits, flowers and nectar, nuts, berries, seeds, leaves and cereals (rice and maize).

Ecology and Behaviour:

Sociable; seen in flocks of 6-10 birds, less often up to 50. Rarely forms groups of thousands when food abundant. Roosts communally in tall trees, bamboo thickets or sugarcane. Has attacked crops.

Clutch and Egg Size:

3-4 broad-oval eggs, 29.5 x 24.0mm (1.1 x 0.9 in).

Breeding Season:

December-April; in Java, breeding recorded in all months except April.

Related Links:

Wikipedia

Click photo to visit gallery

Red-breasted Parakeet perched at tree trunk
© Dr. Vijay Anand Ismavel MS, MCh

Did You Know?

The Red-breasted Parakeet has been heavily traded on the wild bird market: since 1981, 129,965 individuals have been recorded in international trade.

Academic Research

Related publications: Psittacula alexandri

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