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Red-tailed Amazon

 (Amazona brasiliensis)

Also known as: Purple-faced Parrot, Blue-faced Amazon (Parrot), Brazilian Green Amazon Parrot

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Red-tailed Amazon perched
© Jamie Gilardi

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Related publications: Amazona brasiliensis

Species Profile

Genus: Amazona | Species: brasiliensis

Size:

37cm (14.4 in)

Weight:

430g (15 oz)

Races including nominate:

one

Colourization Adult:

Both adults green in colour, grey edging feathers of neck to area of mantle; red forehead and lores, turning to rose/red on crown and occiput where a few feathers are tipped with purple; pink/blue chin, cheeks and ear coverts to sides of neck, the feathers edged with dull lilac; red carpal edge; centre tail feathers green, widely tipped with yellow/green, the side tail feathers widely tipped with green/yellow and banded with red near end, outer three feathers deep purple/blue at bases of outer webs. Bill dull yellow with grey near tip of upper mandible. Eye ring pale grey. Eye orange.

Colourization Juvenile:

As in adult but with duller head colours; forehead to occiput pale pink/red; pink/mauve chin and cheeks, turning to grey/blue on ear coverts to sides of neck. Bill yellow with grey/brown at tip of upper mandible. Eye ring paler grey, eye brown.

Call:

Calls while in flight.  Also calls similar to Blue-fronted Amazon: musical growls and high-pitched sounds.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1

More Information:

AvianWeb
Arkive
Avibase
Handbook of the Birds of the World

Content Sources:

CITES
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
ML Media Collection Catalogue 81406, Red-tailed Parrot Amazona brasiliensis, Donahue, Paul, Espirito Santo, Brazil, Jun. 30 1987, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots: Status Survey and Conservation Plan 2000-2004, Snyder, McGowan, Gilardi and Grajal, 2000.
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1977. 2012 edition
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.
Psittacine Aviculture, Schubot, Clubb and Clubb, 1992.

Click photo to visit gallery

Red-tailed Amazon perched
© Jamie Gilardi

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona brasiliensis

Species Care

Captive Status:

Rare

Longevity:

Not available

Housing:

Aviary or suspended enclosure, minimum length 3m (9.8 ft).

Diet:

Fruit such as: apple, pear, orange, banana, cactus fruits, pomegranate, forming about 30 % of the diet; fresh vegetables such as: carrot, celery, green peas, beans, fresh corn, green leaves; spray millet and limited mixed seed, cooked beans and pulses, complete kibble.

Enrichment:

Not available

Nest Box Size:

12" x 12" x 24" (30.5cm x 30.5cm x 61cm) vertical box.

Clutch Size:

3 to 4

Incubation Time:

28 days

Fledging Age:

Around 8 weeks.

Hatch Weight:

Not available

Peak Weight:

Not available

Weaning Weight:

Not available

Click photo to visit gallery

Red-tailed Amazon perched
© Jamie Gilardi

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona brasiliensis

Species Wild Status

World Population:

9000-10,000

IUCN Red List Status:

Vulnerable

CITES Listing:

Appendix I

Threat Summary:

Wild bird trade and deforestation for boat building, banana plantations, cattle and buffalo grazing and beach houses.

Range:

SE coast of Brazil, near Sao Paulo and Parana.

Habitat:

Restricted area of lowland forest on coast, and wetlands such as freshwater swamps, humid forest and mangroves. Usual habitat is complex network of channels, swamps and other wet areas. Found up to 700m (2296 ft); usually 300-400m (984-1312 ft).

Wild Diet:

Eats fruits, flowers; Callophyllum brasiliense important.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Roosts in groups on small islands in channels; resident in flooded forest. Part of the year communal in mobs up to 750 individuals. Feeds in pairs or flocks up to 20.

Clutch and Egg Size:

3 to 4

Breeding Season:

September-February, possibly to April.

Related Links:

Cornell Lab of Ornithology Neotropical Birds
Research: Genetic variabilitiy in Red-tailed Amazon
 

Click photo to visit gallery

Red-tailed Amazon perched
© Jamie Gilardi

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona brasiliensis

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