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Red-winged Parrot

 (Aprosmictus erythropterus)

Also known as: Crimson-winged Parrot, Red-winged or Crimson-winged Lory, Blood-winged Parrot, King Parrot, Red-wing, Crimson-wing

Click photo to visit gallery

Red-winged Parrot perched
© Ian Montgomery

Did You Know?

The colourful adult plumage of this bird is acquired at about 2-3 years of age, or the second complete moult.

Academic Research

Related publications: Aprosmictus erythropterus

Species Profile

Genus: Aprosmictus | Species: erythropterus

Size:

35cm (13.6 in)

Weight:

120-210g (4.2-7.35 oz)

Races including nominate:

two: A.e. erythropterus, A.e. coccineopterus

Colourization Adult:

A.e. erythropterus: Male-body colour bright green, with blue tint on hindcrown and occiput; black mantle, upper back and scapulars; deep blue on lower back, turning to paler blue on rump; bright red lesser, median and inner secondary wing coverts; black outer secondary coverts tipped with green; green tail tipped with yellow. Bill orange/red tipped with paler orange/red. Eye orange/red. Female-plumage duller: body green; green mantle, upper back and scapulars; blue lower back and rump; red outer, median and inner secondary wing coverts; black outer secondary coverts tipped with green; side tail feathers margined with red/pink on inner webs. Bill dull orange tipped with brown. Eye brown/orange.
A.e. coccineopterus: Male-differs from erythropterus in that there is stronger suffusion of blue on hindcrown and occiput; slightly paler red of upper wing coverts; slightly smaller in size. Female-as in erythropterus, but dull green of wings and upper back more yellow. Slightly smaller in size.

Colourization Juvenile:

A.e. erythropterus: As in adult female, but in males black bases to secondaries form band at bottom edge of upper wing coverts, and yellow/green margins to secondary coverts give scalloped appearance. Bill orange/yellow. Eye pale brown.

Call:

Calls given in flight or soon after landing are sharp notes; when alarmed a repetitious, harsh chikking noise. While feeding emits soft, melodious chattering.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1 | Video 2

More Information:

Lexicon of Parrots
AvianWeb

Content Sources:

Lexicon of Parrots
CITES
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
ML Media Collection Catalogue 189000, Red-winged Parrot (Aprosmictus erythropterus), Mathers-Winn, Cedar A., Queensland, Australia,  Nov. 8 2013, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1977. 2010 edition
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.
Parrots: Their Care and Breeding, Low, 1986.

Click photo to visit gallery

Red-winged Parrot perched
© Ian Montgomery

Did You Know?

The colourful adult plumage of this bird is acquired at about 2-3 years of age, or the second complete moult.

Academic Research

Related publications: Aprosmictus erythropterus

Species Care

Captive Status:

Fairly common in Australia, less so elsewhere.

Longevity:

30-50yrs

Housing:

Walk-in enclosure, minimum length 3m (9.8 ft).

Diet:

Small seed mix such as: canary, oats, safflower and a little hemp; spray millet; limited sunflower seed, dry, soaked or sprouted; sprouted beans such as mung, cooked butterbeans and lentils; boiled maize; green leaves such as: Swiss chard, lettuce, sowthistle, dandelion, chickweed; vegetables such as: carrot, corn, celery, zucchini or other squash, green beans and peas in the pod; fruit such as: apple, orange, banana, pomegranate; nuts such as: hazelnuts (lightly cracked), pecans, and roasted peanuts; complete pellet.

Enrichment:

Provide as big an aviary as possible, with many perches and fresh branches for chewing; provide water bowls for bathing. This species is acrobatic so also supply swings, different sized perches and ladders for climbing.

Nest Box Size:

Nest log or deep vertical box with inside diameter of 11-12" (28-30.5cm).

Clutch Size:

3-6

Incubation Time:

21 days

Fledging Age:

5-6 weeks

Hatch Weight:

8g (0.3 oz)

Peak Weight:

Not available

Weaning Weight:

Not available

Specialist Club:

Avicultural Society of Australia

Click photo to visit gallery

Red-winged Parrot perched
© Ian Montgomery

Did You Know?

The colourful adult plumage of this bird is acquired at about 2-3 years of age, or the second complete moult.

Academic Research

Related publications: Aprosmictus erythropterus

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Above 100,000

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

Population is thought to be undergoing a decline due to habitat destruction.

Range:

A.e. erythropterus: NE Australia from inland N New South Wales and NE South Australia north through Queensland to Cape York Peninsula and Gulf of Carpentaria.
A.e. coccineopterus: N Australia, along with larger offshore islands, from Kimberley division of W Australia east to NW Queensland; also S New Guinea, from mouth of Digul River, SE Irian Jaya to mouth of Fly River, SE Papua New Guinea.

Habitat:

Found up to 600m (1968 ft) in subtropical and semi-arid Eucalypt and casuarina woodland, forest edge, riverine woodland, Acacia scrub, mangrove, farmland, cypress pine, Callitris sp. scrub and lowland savanna.

Wild Diet:

Feeds on seeds, fruit, flowers, and insects; in mangroves mistletoe is preferred.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Is nomadic at edges of range, but considered to be resident elsewhere. Is usually seen in small groups of up to 15 individuals; the largest groups seen at the end of the breeding season when families gather at feeding areas. Conspicuous and common.

Clutch and Egg Size:

3-6 rounded eggs, 31.0 x 26.0mm (1.2 x 1 in).

Breeding Season:

April or May in the north; further south August-February.

Related Links:

Wikipedia
Birds in Backyards

Click photo to visit gallery

Red-winged Parrot perched
© Ian Montgomery

Did You Know?

The colourful adult plumage of this bird is acquired at about 2-3 years of age, or the second complete moult.

Academic Research

Related publications: Aprosmictus erythropterus

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