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Santarém Conure

 (Pyrrhura amazonum)

Also known as: Hellmayr's Parakeet

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Wild Santarem Conure
© Nick Athanas

Did You Know?

The Santarém Conure was historically listed as a subspecies in the Pyrrhura picta complex.


Academic Research

Related publications: Pyrrhura amazonum

Species Profile

Genus: Pyrrhura | Species: amazonum

Size:

22 cm (8.6 in)

Weight:

54-70g (1.9-2.5 oz)

Races including nominate:

Two: P. a. amazonum, P. a. microtera

Colour Adult:

P. a. amazonum: Both adults crown to nape dark brown; blue band in front of eyes; frons and face dark red/brown; brown-buff ear coverts; grey-green upper breast with grey-buff scalloping; lower breast yellow-buff with scalloping; green wing bend; brown-red patch in center of abdomen; brown-red tail with green at base.  Bill grey-black.  Eye orange-brown, with bare grey eye ring.
P. a. microtera: Both adults narrow frons, darker red/brown, upper breast dusty brown with grey-buff scalloping.  Smaller in size.

Colour Juvenile:

P. a. amazonum: Juveniles duller than adults. Fine grey-white scalloping on breast. Brown-red patch less extensive on abdomen. Tail shorter. Eye-ring grey-white.
P. a. microtera: Undescribed.

Call:

Calls made in flight described as coarse, rough and forceful; less harsh than that of other Pyrhurra sp.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1 | Video 2

More Information:

Avibase
Handbook of the Birds of the World

Content Sources:

BirdLife International
Handbook of the Birds of the World
Internet Bird Collection
ML Media Collection Catalogue 88503, Santarém Parakeet Pyrrhura amazonum, Marantz, Curtis, Mato Grosso, Brazil, Oct. 17 1997, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Vanished and Vanishing Parrots, Forshaw, 2017.

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Santarem Conure
© Nick Athanas

Did You Know?

The Santarém Conure was historically listed as a subspecies in the Pyrrhura picta complex.


Academic Research

Related publications: Pyrrhura amazonum

Species Care

Captive Status:

Not recorded.

Longevity:

Not recorded.

Housing:

Not recorded.

Diet:

Not recorded.

Enrichment:

Not recorded.

Nest Box Size:

Not recorded.

Clutch Size:

5-7

Incubation Time:

Not recorded.

Fledging Age:

Not recorded.

Hatch Weight:

Not recorded.

Peak Weight:

Not recorded.

Weaning Weight:

Not recorded.

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Santarem Conure
© Nick Athanas

Did You Know?

The Santarém Conure was historically listed as a subspecies in the Pyrrhura picta complex.


Academic Research

Related publications: Pyrrhura amazonum

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Unknown, decreasing.

IUCN Red List Status:

Endangered

CITES Listing:

Appendix II, as congener with P. picta.

Threat Summary:

The primary threat to this species is accelerating deforestation in the Amazon basin as land is cleared for cattle ranching and soy production. It is also susceptible to trapping for trade.

Range:

E Amazonia in northern Brazil, along the north bank of the Amazon River from Obidos to Monte Alegre in Pará. On the south bank from Santarém, Pará east to Imperatriz, Maranhão. South to Mato Grasso.

Habitat:

Found up to 600m (1968 ft) in wooded habitats including terra firme and dry deciduous forests.

Wild Diet:

Food items include fruits, flowers, seeds and probably insects and their larvae. Goupia glabra and Trema micrantha fruits are taken, as well as Bagassa guianensis and Euterpe fruits.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Found in flocks of 5 to 12 birds. During breeding season seen in pairs and families. Flight is swift and direct. Birds visit watercourses each day to bathe, and have been seen bathing in spray from a nearby waterfall.

Clutch and Egg Size:

5-7 elliptical eggs, 26.5 x 19.0mm (1 x 0.7 in).

Breeding Season:

September-November

Related Links:

Wikipedia
Cornell Lab of Ornithology Neotropical Birds

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild Santarem Conure
© Nick Athanas

Did You Know?

The Santarém Conure was historically listed as a subspecies in the Pyrrhura picta complex.


Academic Research

Related publications: Pyrrhura amazonum

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