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Scarlet-breasted Lorikeet

 (Trichoglossus forsteni)

Also known as: Sunset Lorikeet, Forsten's Lorikeet, Mitchell's Lorikeet (T.f. mitchellii)

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Scarlet-breasted Lorikeet, Cincinnati Zoo
© Ted | Wikimedia Commons

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Species Profile

Genus: Trichoglossus | Species: forsteni

Size:

26cm (10 in)

Weight:

100-157g (3.5-5.5 oz)

Races including nominate:

four: T.f. forsteni, T. f. djampeanus, T. f. mitchellii, T. f. stresemanni

Colour Adult:

T.f. forsteni: Both adults as in mitchelli but with darker red breast; purple/blue streaking on forehead and cheeks; more yellow collar bordered on hindneck by purple/blue; purple abdomen; green barring on thighs and flanks minimal; larger in size.
T.f. mitchellii: Both adults black/brown head with grey/green streaks on crown to cheeks; red/brown wash on occiput; red breast with minimal or no barring; yellow/green collar; purple/black abdomen; smaller in size.
T.f. djampeanus: Both adults differ from forsteni by head being darker and more evidently streaked brighter purple/blue.
T.f. stresemanni: Both adults as in forsteni but with paler orange/red breast; green wash on occiput; feathers of mantle having yellow/orange bases.

Colour Juvenile:

As in adults.

Call:

Repeated notes, sharp, rolling while in flight.  Shrill chattering while feeding. Soft notes at rest.

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More Information:

Avibase
AvianWeb
Handbook of the Birds of the World

Content Sources:

Click photo to visit gallery

Scarlet-breasted Lorikeet, Cincinnati Zoo
© Ted | Wikimedia Commons

Programs & Projects

WPT has worked with numerous partners to help save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Trichoglossus forsteni

Species Care

Captive Status:

Uncommon

Longevity:

20 yrs in the wild,15-25 yrs in captivity.

Housing:

Enclosure with drain in floor, or suspended cage over tiled or concrete floor.

Diet:

Nectar - a commercial type specially formulated for small species or a mix of baby cereal (lactose-free) and honey, malt extract or molasses, mixed with filtered water, made fresh once or twice daily, making up at least 40 percent of the diet; vegetables and fruit especially apple, pear, orange, cactus fruits and bananas, and one or more daily of: carrot, fresh corn, green leaves; plus dried figs soaked in water for a few hours, spray millet and a small amount of soaked or sprouted sunflower seed and small amount of canary seed.

Enrichment:

Loves bathing, hanging toys, puzzle/foraging toys, foot toys, ladders, swings, socializing; noisy toys (bells, squeakers), bird safe chewables (vegetable tanned leather, safe woods).

Nest Box Size:

L-shaped box, 51cm x 36cm (20 x 14 in).

Clutch Size:

2-3

Incubation Time:

23-25 days

Fledging Age:

8-9 weeks

Hatch Weight:

5g (0.2 oz)

Peak Weight:

Not recorded.

Weaning Weight:

Not recorded.

Click photo to visit gallery

Scarlet-breasted Lorikeet, Cincinnati Zoo
© Ted | Wikimedia Commons

Programs & Projects

WPT has worked with numerous partners to help save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Trichoglossus forsteni

Species Wild Status

World Population:

< 10,000, decreasing.

IUCN Red List Status:

Vulnerable

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

This lorikeet is threatened by the wild bird trade.

Range:

T.f. forsteni: Occurs on Sumbawa, Lesser Sunda Islands.
T.f. mitchellii: Found on Bali (formerly), Nusa Penida and Lombok.
T.f. djampeanus: Found on Tanahjampea Island in Flores Sea.
T.f. stresemanni: Occurs on Kalaotoa Island in Flores Sea.

Habitat:

Most common in lowlands but found up to 2400m (7872 ft). Wide variety of areas including settlements, forest, coconut plantations, savanna, Eucalypt stands and mangroves.

Wild Diet:

Feeds mainly on nectar but will also take figs, insects and can be found around man-made feeding stations.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Found in mixed flocks with other parrots; in small noisy groups. Nomadic, as they are dependent on flowering trees. Roosts communally in groups of hundreds of birds. Will also roost and nest on the ground on some of the predator-free islands. Displays frequently.

Clutch and Egg Size:

2 to 3 ovate eggs, 27.0 x 22.5mm (1 x 0.9 in).

Breeding Season:

Birds recorded in breeding condition in May on Sumbawa.

Click photo to visit gallery

Scarlet-breasted Lorikeet, Cincinnati Zoo
© Ted | Wikimedia Commons

Programs & Projects

WPT has worked with numerous partners to help save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Trichoglossus forsteni

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