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Senegal Parrot

 (Poicephalus senegalus)

Also known as: Yellow-bellied Senegal Parrot (P.s. senegalus); Yellow-vented Senegal Parrot (P.s. mesotypus); Orange-breasted Senegal Parrot, Orange-bellied Senegal Parrot, Red-vented Senegal Parrot, Scarlet-bellied Senegal Parrot (P.s. versteri)

Click photo to visit gallery

Senegal Parrot
© By Juan Emilio [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

The Senegal Parrot is one of the most heavily trapped wild birds in the world; since 1981, 735,775 birds have been recorded in international trade.

Academic Research

Related publications: Poicephalus senegalus

Species Profile

Genus: Poicephalus | Species: senegalus

Size:

23cm (9 in)

Weight:

155g (5.4 oz)

Races including nominate:

three: P.s. senegalus, P.s. versteri, P.s. mesotypus

Colourization Adult:

P.s. senegalus: Both adults mostly green, yellow on rump; head grey with dark crown, yellow lower breast and abdomen, tinged orange in centre; bright yellow underwing coverts and undertail coverts; thighs green. Bill grey; bare cere and eye ring dark grey. Eye yellow.
P.s. versteri: As in senegalus, but darker green upperparts; lower breast to abdomen orange/red in centre.             
P.s. mesotypus: Paler than senegalus; green breast extends more down toward orange abdomen.

Colourization Juvenile:

Juveniles generally duller than adult; breast and abdomen green suffusion. Bill pink/white tipped grey. Eye ring pale grey, eye dark brown.

Call:

Noisy with large variety of mainly harsh and high-pitched screeches, squawks and whistles.  More raucous when excited.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1 | Video 2

More Information:

AvianWeb
Avibase
Handbook of the Birds of the World

Content Sources:

CITES
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1977. 2010 edition
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.
Psittacine Aviculture, Schubot, Clubb and Clubb, 1992.

Click photo to visit gallery

Senegal Parrot
© By Juan Emilio [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

The Senegal Parrot is one of the most heavily trapped wild birds in the world; since 1981, 735,775 birds have been recorded in international trade.

Academic Research

Related publications: Poicephalus senegalus

Species Care

Captive Status:

Very common

Longevity:

20-25 yrs

Housing:

Walk-in aviariy, minimum length 2.1m (7 ft), or indoor cage minimum length 1.8m (6 ft).

Diet:

Cooked beans and pulses, boiled corn; sunflower, dry, soaked or sprouted; walnuts greatly favoured; fruit such as: apple, orange, banana, rearing food (hard-boiled egg, wholegrain bread, low-fat cheese and carrot, ground to crumbly consistency); fresh vegetables such as: carrot, celery, green beans and peas in the pod; complete pellet.

Enrichment:

Provide overhead misters or shallow water bowls for bathing; foot toys, destructible (non-toxic) toys, non-destructible (non-toxic plastic) toys, food-finder toys, preening toys, different texture and size hanging perch toys, fir branches, push-and-pull toys (sliding up and down), vegetable tanned leather toys.

Nest Box Size:

Vertical box, 12" x 12" x 24" (30.5cm x 30.5cm x 61cm).

Clutch Size:

2 to 4

Incubation Time:

27 days

Fledging Age:

10 weeks

Hatch Weight:

6g (0.2 oz)

Peak Weight:

Not available

Weaning Weight:

Not available

Specialist Club:

African Parrot Society

Click photo to visit gallery

Senegal Parrot
© By Juan Emilio [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

The Senegal Parrot is one of the most heavily trapped wild birds in the world; since 1981, 735,775 birds have been recorded in international trade.

Academic Research

Related publications: Poicephalus senegalus

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Unknown, stable.

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

Heavily trapped for wild bird trade.

Range:

P.s. senegalus: W African dry belt, mostly north of lat 9N, from S Mauritania, Senegal, Guinea, including Los Islands and S Mali east to S Burkina Faso and N Nigeria.
P.s. versteri: W African wet zone, north of rainforest belt to lat 9N from Liberia (introduced to Monrovia district) and Ivory Coast east to W Nigeria.
P.s. mesotypus: E and NE Nigeria, to N Cameroon, south to Adamawa Plateau, SW Chad, and possibly NE Central African Republic.

Habitat:

Found in wide range of wooded areas from open farmland with scattered trees to closed-canopy forests. Up to 1200m (3936 ft).

Wild Diet:

Takes fruit, buds, seeds; also crop items such as millet and peanuts.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Mostly sedentary, but will visit rainy areas. Usually found below 1000m (3280 ft). Social outside breeding season. Usually seen in pairs but also in flocks up to 20 or more to feed.

Clutch and Egg Size:

2 to 4 eggs, 29.5 x 26.0mm (1.1 x 1 in).

Breeding Season:

Gambia and Senegal: April, May, August and September and from November to February. Mali: May-October.

Related Links:

Wikipedia
Research: Vision, touch and object manipulation in Senegal Parrots

Click photo to visit gallery

Senegal Parrot
© By Juan Emilio [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

The Senegal Parrot is one of the most heavily trapped wild birds in the world; since 1981, 735,775 birds have been recorded in international trade.

Academic Research

Related publications: Poicephalus senegalus

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