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Spix’s Macaw

 (Cyanopsitta spixii)

Also known as: Little Blue Macaw

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Last Spix's Macaw
© Luiz Claudio Marigo | http://www.lcmarigo.com.br/ingles/index.htm

Did You Know?

The the last known Spix's Macaw in the wild disappeared in 2000.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Cyanopsitta spixii

Species Profile

Genus: Cyanopsitta | Species: spixii

Size:

56cm (21.8 in)

Weight:

360g (12.6 oz)

Races including nominate:

one

Colourization Adult:

Both adults soft blue macaws with darker blue back and wings; grayish head. Eye ring grey, eye yellow. Bill black.

Colourization Juvenile:

As in adults but with white eye ring. Eye dark brown. Bill with black and horn colouration.

Call:

Resonant, quieter and more wavering than Hyacinth Macaw.  Also some screeching notes.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1 | Video 2 | Video 3

More Information:

Arkive
Al Wabra Wildlife Preservation
Wikipedia

Content Sources:

Al Wabra Wildlife Preservation
BirdLife International
CITES
Internet Bird Collection
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
Parrots: Status Survey and Conservation Plan 2000-2004, Snyder, McGowan, Gilardi and Grajal, 2000.
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1989. 2010 edition
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.

Click photo to visit gallery

Last Spix's Macaw
© Luiz Claudio Marigo | http://www.lcmarigo.com.br/ingles/index.htm

Did You Know?

The the last known Spix's Macaw in the wild disappeared in 2000.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Cyanopsitta spixii

Species Care

Captive Status:

<100, held in captivity, entire world population.

Longevity:

Not available

Housing:

Walk-in enclosure, minimum length 7m (23 ft).

Diet:

Soaked or sprouted sunflower; walnuts, pecans, Brazil nuts, pine nuts; fresh corn, fruit and vegetables. If in tropical regions, palm fruits. Complete kibble for macaws.

Enrichment:

Not available

Nest Box Size:

Not available

Clutch Size:

2 to 3

Incubation Time:

26 days

Fledging Age:

8 weeks

Hatch Weight:

Not available

Peak Weight:

Not available

Weaning Weight:

Not available

Click photo to visit gallery

Last Spix's Macaw
© Luiz Claudio Marigo | http://www.lcmarigo.com.br/ingles/index.htm

Did You Know?

The the last known Spix's Macaw in the wild disappeared in 2000.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Cyanopsitta spixii

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Over 100, all in captivity.

IUCN Red List Status:

Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct In The Wild).

CITES Listing:

Appendix I

Threat Summary:

Trapping for wild bird trade and habitat loss.

Range:

Formerly Rio Sao Franscisco Valley, northern Bahia, Brazil.

Habitat:

Required gallery woodland with Tabebuia caraiba trees along seasonal creeks in the caatinga for nesting; fed on Euphoribacae trees.

Wild Diet:

Seeds of Cnidoscolus phyllacanthus and Jatropha pohlianna, seeds and fruit of Melanoxylon, fruit of Maytenus rigida and Ziziphus joazeiro and possibly nuts.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Formerly used well-used flight paths to and from food sources; until 1980s were strongly gregarious.

Clutch and Egg Size:

2 to 3 eggs, 35.0 x 29.0mm (1.4 x 1.1 in).

Breeding Season:

November-March.

Related Links:

Cornell Neotropical Unit

Click photo to visit gallery

Last Spix's Macaw
© Luiz Claudio Marigo | http://www.lcmarigo.com.br/ingles/index.htm

Did You Know?

The the last known Spix's Macaw in the wild disappeared in 2000.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Cyanopsitta spixii

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