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Spix’s Macaw

 (Cyanopsitta spixii)

Also known as: Little Blue Macaw

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Last Spix's Macaw
© Luiz Claudio Marigo | www.lcmarigo.com.br/ingles/index.htm

Did You Know?

The the last known wild Spix's Macaw disappeared in 2000.

Programs & Projects

WPT has worked with numerous partners to help save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Cyanopsitta spixii

Species Profile

Genus: Cyanopsitta | Species: spixii

Size:

56cm (21.8 in)

Weight:

360g (12.6 oz)

Races including nominate:

one

Colour Adult:

Both adults soft blue macaws with darker blue back and wings; grayish head. Eye ring grey, eye yellow. Bill black.

Colour Juvenile:

As in adults but with white eye ring. Eye dark brown. Bill with black and horn colouration.

Call:

Resonant, quieter and more wavering than Hyacinth Macaw.  Also some screeching notes.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1 | Video 2 | Video 3

More Information:

Arkive
Avibase
Wikipedia
Handbook of the Birds of the World

Content Sources:

CITES
AvianWeb
Blue Macaws
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
Al Wabra Wildlife Preservation
A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
Vanished and Vanishing Parrots, Forshaw, 2017.
Parrots: Status Survey and Conservation Plan 2000-2004, Snyder, McGowan, Gilardi and Grajal, 2000.
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1989.
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.

Click photo to visit gallery

Last Spix's Macaw
© Luiz Claudio Marigo | www.lcmarigo.com.br/ingles/index.htm

Did You Know?

The the last known wild Spix's Macaw disappeared in 2000.

Programs & Projects

WPT has worked with numerous partners to help save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Cyanopsitta spixii

Species Care

Captive Status:

World population at about 130, all in captivity. Some held for conservation breeding purposes.

Longevity:

30-40 yrs.

Housing:

Walk-in enclosure, minimum length 7m (23 ft).

Diet:

Soaked or sprouted sunflower; walnuts, pecans, Brazil nuts, pine nuts; fresh corn, fruit and vegetables. If in tropical regions, palm fruits. Complete kibble for macaws.

Enrichment:

Are voracious chewers that need a variety of bird-safe, unsprayed branches and limbs. Require a lot of plantings in the aviary.

Nest Box Size:

80 x 30 x 30 cm box or stump.

Clutch Size:

2 to 3

Incubation Time:

26 days

Fledging Age:

8 weeks

Hatch Weight:

Probably 10-12g.

Peak Weight:

Not recorded.

Weaning Weight:

Not recorded.

Click photo to visit gallery

Last Spix's Macaw
© Luiz Claudio Marigo | www.lcmarigo.com.br/ingles/index.htm

Did You Know?

The the last known wild Spix's Macaw disappeared in 2000.

Programs & Projects

WPT has worked with numerous partners to help save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Cyanopsitta spixii

Species Wild Status

World Population:

About 130, (110 in breeding programme) all in captivity, plus occasional local reports from Serra da Capivara National Park, and a bird filmed near Curaçá in 2016.

IUCN Red List Status:

Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct In The Wild).

CITES Listing:

Appendix I

Threat Summary:

Trapping for wild bird trade and significant habitat loss.

Range:

Formerly Rio Sao Franscisco Valley, northern Bahia, Brazil.

Habitat:

Required gallery woodland with Tabebuia caraiba trees along seasonal creeks in the caatinga for nesting.

Wild Diet:

Seeds of Cnidoscolus phyllacanthus and Jatropha pohlianna, seeds and fruit of Melanoxylon, fruit of Maytenus rigida and Ziziphus joazeiro and possibly nuts.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Formerly used well-used flight paths to and from food sources; until 1980s were strongly gregarious. Were seen to be strongly loyal to roosting and breeding trees.

Clutch and Egg Size:

2 to 3 eggs, 35.0 x 29.0mm (1.4 x 1.1 in).

Breeding Season:

November-March.

Related Links:

Cornell Lab of Ornithology Neotropical Birds

Click photo to visit gallery

Last Spix's Macaw
© Luiz Claudio Marigo | www.lcmarigo.com.br/ingles/index.htm

Did You Know?

The the last known wild Spix's Macaw disappeared in 2000.

Programs & Projects

WPT has worked with numerous partners to help save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Cyanopsitta spixii

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