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St. Lucia Amazon

 (Amazona versicolor)

Also known as: St. Lucia Parrot, Blue-masked Amazon, Versicolor Amazon

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild St. Lucia Amazon
© Hank Tseng | www.birdingintaiwan.org/

Did You Know?

This species is confined to an area of about 25,000 acres (10,000 ha) on the island of St. Lucia in the Lesser Antilles.

Programs & Projects

WPT has worked with numerous partners to help save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona versicolor

Species Profile

Genus: Amazona | Species: versicolor

Size:

43cm (16.8 in)

Weight:

700-800g (24.5-28 oz)

Races including nominate:

one

Colour Adult:

Both adults generally green plumage, with feathers tipped black; purple/blue forehead, lores and forecrown, merging into paler blue on hindcrown, ear coverts and upper cheeks; red stripe across foreneck, reaching to upper breast; green feathers on lower breast, widely edged red/brown and tipped with black; feathers of upper abdomen red/brown with green bases and tipped with dusty black; red outer secondary feathers turning to purple/blue near tips, the inner secondaries green turning to purple/blue toward tips; carpal edge yellow/green; tail green with hidden red markings at base. Bill grey. Eye ring grey, eye orange.

Colour Juvenile:

As in adult but duller. Bill grey. Eye brown.

Call:

Calls are raucous, harsh screeching while in flight. Occasional series of shrill squawks. Also high-pitched cackling or soft purring while feeding or preening.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1

More Information:

Avibase
Handbook of the Birds of the World
St. Lucia Forestry Department Environmental Education Unit

Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust

Content Sources:

CITES
Arkive
BirdLife International
Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust - St. Lucia Amazon/Parrot
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
ML Media Collection Catalogue 115934, St. Lucia Parrot Amazona versicolor, Macaulay, Linda, St. Lucia, Dec. 29 2001, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1989. 2010 edition
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild St. Lucia Amazon
© Hank Tseng | www.birdingintaiwan.org/

Did You Know?

This species is confined to an area of about 25,000 acres (10,000 ha) on the island of St. Lucia in the Lesser Antilles.

Programs & Projects

WPT has worked with numerous partners to help save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona versicolor

Species Care

Captive Status:

Extremely rare; presently only found at Jersey Zoo.

Longevity:

Possibly 30 yrs.

Housing:

(From Jersey Zoo): indoor area 1.8 x 3.6 x 2.2-3.0m (6 x 12 x 7-10 ft); outdoor planted aviary 7.2-9.0 x 3.6 x 3.6m (23.5-30 x 12 x 12 ft).

Diet:

(From Jersey Zoo:) Limited high fats in the diet; provide fruits, vegetables and high quality supplements in the form of kibble or powder. Hard boiled egg. Butterbeans, pinto, mung, soy and haricot beans; also lentils and pearl barley. All pulses are soaked overnight, then rinsed and served.

Enrichment:

Are avid chewers, so a variety of bird-safe branches (fir, elder, willow and pine) should be used. Also provide colourful and attractive foods in various forms for behavioural enrichment. Also bathing. Are good climbers, so provide ropes, swings, different sized perches and ladders.

Nest Box Size:

28cm x 28cm x 120cm (11" x 11" x 47") vertical box.

Clutch Size:

1-3

Incubation Time:

26-29 days.

Fledging Age:

About 7 weeks.

Hatch Weight:

13.3-16.9g (0.4-0.6 oz)

Peak Weight:

254-420g (8.9-14.7 oz)

Weaning Weight:

Not recorded.

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild St. Lucia Amazon
© Hank Tseng | www.birdingintaiwan.org/

Did You Know?

This species is confined to an area of about 25,000 acres (10,000 ha) on the island of St. Lucia in the Lesser Antilles.

Programs & Projects

WPT has worked with numerous partners to help save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona versicolor

Species Wild Status

World Population:

1750-2250

IUCN Red List Status:

Vulnerable

CITES Listing:

Appendix I

Threat Summary:

Habitat loss through human population expansion, selective logging of mature trees reducing nesting sites, hunting, wild bird trade. To a lesser extent, hurricanes.

Range:

Found on St. Lucia, Lesser Antilles, West Indies.

Habitat:

Found mostly above 300m (984 ft). Occurs in moist mature forest, now restricted mainly to central and southern mountains; less commonly in tall secondary growth forest. Occasionally a visitor to cultivated areas.

Wild Diet:

Includes fruits, flowers. Also bananas following hurricanes and loss of natural food source trees.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Stays in forest canopy. Reported in flocks of up to 20 birds. Communal roosting.

Clutch and Egg Size:

1-3 white eggs, 42.0 x 33.0mm (1.6 x 1.3 in).

Breeding Season:

February-August

Related Links:

Wikipedia
Research: Geographical variation of St. Lucia Parrot flight vocalizations
Cornell Lab of Ornithology Neotropical Birds

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild St. Lucia Amazon
© Hank Tseng | www.birdingintaiwan.org/

Did You Know?

This species is confined to an area of about 25,000 acres (10,000 ha) on the island of St. Lucia in the Lesser Antilles.

Programs & Projects

WPT has worked with numerous partners to help save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona versicolor

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