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Sun Conure

 (Aratinga solstitialis)

Also known as: Yellow Conure, Sun Parakeet

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Captive Sun Conures
© By Wayne Deeker (Picasa Web Albums) [CC BY 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

The Sun Conure was recently uplisted to Endangered due to a very rapid reduction in its population size during the last three decades.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Aratinga solstitialis

Species Profile

Genus: Aratinga | Species: solstitialis

Size:

30cm (11.7 in)

Weight:

120-130g (4.2-4.5 oz)

Races including nominate:

one

Colourization Adult:

Both adults in general deep yellow with varying orange tints on forehead, sides of head, lower abdomen, rump and lower back; green undertail coverts tinted with yellow; yellow mantle, lesser and middle upperwing coverts and underwing coverts; dull grey underneath flight feathers; green secondary coverts with wide yellow tips; dark blue primary coverts and outer webs of flight feathers; upper tail olive, undertail olive/grey. Bill grey/black. Eye ring bare and grey/white. Eye dark brown.

Colourization Juvenile:

Green on crown; green upper back and scapulars with slight yellow edges; rump and lower back has red tint; green uppertail coverts with yellow tint; green throat; orange breast and abdomen; green undertail coverts margined with pale green; green lesser and middle upperwing coverts edged with yellow. Bill paler grey. Eye ring and cere bare and white.

Call:

Calls made in flight are screechy and rapidly repeated in short notes. While perched emits chuckling and thin, high-pitched wheezy notes.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1 | Video 2 | Video 3

More Information:

Avibase
Arkive
AvianWeb
Handbook of the Birds of the World

Content Sources:

CITES
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
ML Media Collection Catalogue 117046, Sun Parakeet Aratinga solstitialis, Marantz, Curtis, Para, Brazil, Jan. 11 1997, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1977. 2010 edition
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.
Psittacine Aviculture, Schubot, Clubb and Clubb, 1992.
A Guide to Incubation and Handraising Parrots, Digney, 1998.

Click photo to visit gallery

Captive Sun Conures
© By Wayne Deeker (Picasa Web Albums) [CC BY 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

The Sun Conure was recently uplisted to Endangered due to a very rapid reduction in its population size during the last three decades.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Aratinga solstitialis

Species Care

Captive Status:

Fairly common

Longevity:

30yrs

Housing:

Aviary or suspended enclosure, minimum length 2-3m (6.5-9.8 ft).

Diet:

Fruit such as: apple, pear, orange, banana, pomegranate, cactus fruits; vegetables such as: carrot, celery, green beans and peas in the pod; fresh corn; green leaves such as: Swiss chard, lettuce, sowthistle, chickweed; spray millet; small seed mix such as: canary, millet and smaller amounts of oats, buckwheat and safflower; soaked and sprouted sunflower seed; cooked beans and pulses and boiled maize; limited cubed hard cheese; complete kibble.

Enrichment:

Socialization. Also enjoys bathing, so provide overhead misters or shallow water bowls. Provide bird-safe wood and vegetable tanned leather chew toys, non-toxic hard plastic toys, puzzle toys, foraging toys, ladders, swings and different sized perches.

Nest Box Size:

Vertical box 12" x 12" x 18" (30.5cm x 30.5cm x 46cm).

Clutch Size:

3-4

Incubation Time:

24-25 days

Fledging Age:

7-8 weeks

Hatch Weight:

6g (0.2 oz)

Peak Weight:

117-120g (4.1-4.2 oz)

Weaning Weight:

110-115g (3.8-4 oz)

Specialist Club:

Conure.org

Click photo to visit gallery

Captive Sun Conures
© By Wayne Deeker (Picasa Web Albums) [CC BY 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

The Sun Conure was recently uplisted to Endangered due to a very rapid reduction in its population size during the last three decades.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Aratinga solstitialis

Species Wild Status

World Population:

1500 - 4000

IUCN Red List Status:

Endangered

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

Sun Conure populations have seen a dramatic decline in the last twenty years. It has been exported from Guyana in large numbers during this time, leading to its almost complete disappearance from that country. Annual quotas have been generally doubled or tripled. Trade is ongoing, and due to the ease with which birds can be attracted to bait (e.g. corn) and group roosting behaviour is can be easy to catch them.

Range:

Restricted to C Guyana and Roroaima, far NE Brazil; also recorded in NW Surinam and SE Venezuela.

Habitat:

Found up to 1200m (3936 ft) in savanna or dry forest with palm groves. Also found locally in flooded varzea scrub on both banks of the Amazon River.

Wild Diet:

Feeds on fruit, berries, nuts, buds and flowers; also legume pods, red cacti fruits and Malpighia berries.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Found in flocks of around 30 individuals. Seen in larger groups where fruit is abdundant.

Clutch and Egg Size:

3-4 rounded eggs, 29.5 x 23.5mm (1.1 x 0.8 in).

Breeding Season:

February

Related Links:

Wikipedia
Cornell Lab of Ornithology Neotropical Birds

Click photo to visit gallery

Captive Sun Conures
© By Wayne Deeker (Picasa Web Albums) [CC BY 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Did You Know?

The Sun Conure was recently uplisted to Endangered due to a very rapid reduction in its population size during the last three decades.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Aratinga solstitialis

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