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Thick-billed Parrot

 (Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha)

Also known as: Thick-billed Macawlet

Click photo to visit gallery

Thick-billed Parrot
© Joshua Haviv

Did You Know?

References in an account of the Espejo Expedition of 1582-1583 point to Thick-billed Parrots occurring in N Arizona.

Programs & Projects

WPT has worked with numerous partners to help save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha

Species Profile

Genus: Rhynchopsitta | Species: pachyrhyncha

Size:

38cm (14.8 in)

Weight:

300g (10.5 oz)

Races including nominate:

one

Colour Adult:

Both adults vivid green in colour; with yellow on cheeks and ear coverts; red forehead, forecrown and stripe over eye, as well as bend of wing, carpal edge and thighs; yellow greater underwing coverts. Bill black. Eye ring bare and brown/yellow. Eye orange/yellow.

Colour Juvenile:

As in adult but with horn coloured bill; stripe over eye absent; green instead of red on bend of wing and carpal edge; minimal red on thighs.

Call:

Different sceeches, screams, shrieks and squawks. Similar to macaw but high-pitched.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1 | Video 2 | Video 3

More Information:

Avibase
Handbook of the Birds of the World

Content Sources:

CITES
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
ML Media Collection Catalogue 55407, Thick-billed Parrot Rhynchopsitta pachyrhncha, Delaney, Dale, Jalisco, Mexico, Mar. 17 1985, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots: Status Survey and Conservation Plan 2000-2004, Snyder, McGowan, Gilardi and Grajal, 2000.
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper 2010 edition
Vanished and Vanishing Parrots, Forshaw, 2017.
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.
Psittacine Aviculture, Schubot, Clubb and Clubb, 1992.

Click photo to visit gallery

Thick-billed Parrot
© Joshua Haviv

Did You Know?

References in an account of the Espejo Expedition of 1582-1583 point to Thick-billed Parrots occurring in N Arizona.

Programs & Projects

WPT has worked with numerous partners to help save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha

Species Care

Captive Status:

Rare

Longevity:

Not recorded.

Housing:

Walk-in aviary, minimum length 4.5m (14.7 ft).

Diet:

Soaked or sprouted sunflower seed; walnuts, pinenuts, pecans, fresh corn, fruit and vegetables. Complete kibble.

Enrichment:

Sterilized pine cones, other wood chewables such as fir, pine, willow and elder branches, wood block toys, vegetable tanned leather toys. Also enjoys bathing, so provide overhead misters or shallow water bowls.

Nest Box Size:

Vertical box 12" x 12" x 24" (30.5cm x 30.5cm x 61cm).

Clutch Size:

2 to 4

Incubation Time:

26-28 days

Fledging Age:

8-9 weeks

Hatch Weight:

11g (0.4 oz)

Peak Weight:

295g (10.3 oz)

Weaning Weight:

260-280g (9.1-9.8 oz)

Click photo to visit gallery

Thick-billed Parrot
© Joshua Haviv

Did You Know?

References in an account of the Espejo Expedition of 1582-1583 point to Thick-billed Parrots occurring in N Arizona.

Programs & Projects

WPT has worked with numerous partners to help save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha

Species Wild Status

World Population:

2000-2800 mature individuals, decreasing.

IUCN Red List Status:

Endangered

CITES Listing:

Appendix I

Threat Summary:

Degradation of habitat and loss of pine from harvesting; also loss of habitat due to drug growers and cattle farming. Compounding these losses is the disappearance of aspen trees for nesting.

Range:

Highlands of NW and C Mexico in the Sierra Madre Occidental. Re-introduced to S Arizona.

Habitat:

Mature upland primary growth pine forests; occurs mainly from 1500-3000m (4920-9840 ft).

Wild Diet:

Pine Pinus spp. seed, seeds and buds of Pseudotsuga, fruits of Prunus capuli and acorns taken from woodpecker granaries.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Ranges widely after breeding; occurs in flocks with communal roosting on inaccessible cliffs or densely packed trees. Travels up to 40 km in a day to foraging areas.

Clutch and Egg Size:

2 to 4 rounded to ovate shaped eggs, 39.0 x 30.0mm (1.5 x 1.2 in).

Breeding Season:

Breeding coincides with pine seed ripening; eggs laid June to July.

Related Links:

Wikipedia
Cornell Lab of Ornithology Neotropical Birds
Research: Productivity and nesting success of Thick-billed Parrots

Click photo to visit gallery

Thick-billed Parrot
© Joshua Haviv

Did You Know?

References in an account of the Espejo Expedition of 1582-1583 point to Thick-billed Parrots occurring in N Arizona.

Programs & Projects

WPT has worked with numerous partners to help save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha

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