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Timneh Parrot

 (Psittacus timneh)

Also known as: Timneh Grey

Did You Know?

P. timneh was once a subspecies of P. erithacus.  The two species were found to be geographically and physically quite different from each other.


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Related publications: Psittacus timneh

Species Profile

Genus: Psittacus | Species: timneh

Size:

30cm (11.7 in)

Weight:

320g (11.2 oz)

Races including nominate:

one

Colourization Adult:

Both adults dark grey in colour, paler on rump and abdomen than Grey Parrot; dark grey lower undertail coverts tinged with dark red; dark burgundy tail, the feathers edged with brown. Upper mandible dark red tipped with black, lower mandible black; smaller in size than Grey Parrot.

Colourization Juvenile:

As in adults but with grey tinged lower undertail coverts; tail tipped with red. Eye dark grey to black.

Call:

Variety of whistles, squawks, shrieks, and screams given at rest and in flight; mimics other birds, and mammals.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1

More Information:

AvianWeb
Avibase
Arkive
Handbook of the Birds of the World

Content Sources:

Did You Know?

P. timneh was once a subspecies of P. erithacus.  The two species were found to be geographically and physically quite different from each other.


Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Psittacus timneh

Species Care

Captive Status:

Heavily imported with high mortality. Is taken for markets locally and the middle and far east. From 1994-2003 over 359,000 individuals (erithacus and timneh combined) were traded on the international market.

Longevity:

50-60yrs

Housing:

Aviary or suspended cage, minimum length 3m (9.8 ft).

Diet:

Cooked beans and pulses, boiled corn, sunflower seed - dry, soaked or sprouted but limited; fruit such as: apple, orange, banana, pomegranate, pear; rearing food (hard boiled egg, wholegrain bread, low-fat cheese and carrot); vegetables such as: carrot, celery, green beans and peas in the pod; spray millet; complete kibble.

Enrichment:

Provide overhead misters or shallow water bowls for bathing; foot toys, destructible (non-toxic) toys, non-destructible (non-toxic plastic) toys, food-finder toys, preening toys, different texture and size hanging perch toys; fir, pine, elder or willow branches, push-and-pull toys (sliding up and down), vegetable tanned leather toys. Introduce with care, as some Timnehs are sensitive to novel things.

Nest Box Size:

Vertical box 12" x 12" x 24" (30.5cm x 30.5cm x 61cm).

Clutch Size:

2-3

Incubation Time:

28-30 days

Fledging Age:

11-12 weeks

Hatch Weight:

12g (0.5oz)

Peak Weight:

418g (14.6oz)

Weaning Weight:

372g (13oz)

Did You Know?

P. timneh was once a subspecies of P. erithacus.  The two species were found to be geographically and physically quite different from each other.


Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Psittacus timneh

Species Wild Status

World Population:

100,000-500,000, decreasing.

IUCN Red List Status:

Endangered

CITES Listing:

Appendix I

Threat Summary:

The species has been heavily traded on the international market: 199,070 individuals have been exported from 2005-2014. Habitat loss (up to 77%) is also significantly impacting the species' range. In Guinea and Guinea-Bissau there have been marked losses of the birds' preferred nest trees.

Range:

The western parts of the Upper Guinea forests and bordering savannas of West Africa, from Guinea-Bissau east through Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia and southern Mali east to east of the Bandama River in Côte d'Ivoire.

Habitat:

Found in primary and secondary rainforest, forest edges and clearings, gallery forest, mangroves, savanna and cultivated land.

Wild Diet:

Feeds on a variety of seeds, nuts, fruits (including oil-palm) and berries.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Will sometimes travel far distances for food. Nests in tree-cavities far above ground. Found in small flocks of a few dozen, usually not more. Flocks may be noisy.

Clutch and Egg Size:

2-3

Breeding Season:

During dry season, January-February, and June-July.

Related Links:

Wikipedia

Did You Know?

P. timneh was once a subspecies of P. erithacus.  The two species were found to be geographically and physically quite different from each other.


Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Psittacus timneh

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