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Tucuman Amazon

 (Amazona tucumana)

Also known as: Alder Parrot (Amazon)

Click photo to visit gallery

Tucuman Amazon
© Uriel Collina

Did You Know?

Tucuman fledglings are noisy and fearless. One breeder reports that 20 in one flight were so active and boisterous that it was hazardous to enter their enclosure!

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona tucumana

Species Profile

Genus: Amazona | Species: tucumana

Size:

31cm (12.1 in)

Weight:

320g (11.2 oz)

Races including nominate:

one

Colourization Adult:

Both adults mainly green, largish parrots; stocky, with short tail. Red forehead, forecrown and on upperwings; body feathers scalloped with black; orange thighs; tail green with red at base. Bill pink/tan.  Eye orange/red.

Colourization Juvenile:

As in adult but with minimal red on forehead, followed by orange in some individuals; primary coverts and thighs green. Eye grey.

Call:

Mainly shrieking.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1

More Information:

AvianWeb

Content Sources:

L. Rivera, 2004
Article, "Tucuman Amazon," by Susan Clubb, DVM
CITES
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
ML Media Collection Catalogue 129095, Tucuman Parrot Amazona tucumana, Andersen, Michael, Jujuy, Argentina, Oct. 22 2005, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Genus Amazona, Stoodley and Stoodley, 1990.
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1989. 2010 edition
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.

Click photo to visit gallery

Tucuman Amazon
© Uriel Collina

Did You Know?

Tucuman fledglings are noisy and fearless. One breeder reports that 20 in one flight were so active and boisterous that it was hazardous to enter their enclosure!

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona tucumana

Species Care

Captive Status:

Limited number in captivity.

Longevity:

Up to 50yrs.

Housing:

Aviary or suspended enclosure, minimum length 3m (9.8 ft).

Diet:

Fruit such as: apple, pear, orange, banana, cactus fruits, pomegranate, forming about 30 % of the diet; fresh vegetables such as: carrot, celery, green peas, beans, fresh corn, green leaves; spray millet and limited mixed seed, cooked beans and pulses, complete kibble.

Enrichment:

Are chewers, so provide safe wood (fir, pine, willow and elder) and vegetable tanned leather toys, foraging/puzzle toys; ladders, swings, ropes and different sized perches. Also enjoys bathing so provide overhead misters or shallow water bowls.

Nest Box Size:

12" x 12" x 24" (30.5cm x 30.5cm x 61cm) vertical box.

Clutch Size:

3 to 4

Incubation Time:

27 days

Fledging Age:

8 to 9 weeks

Hatch Weight:

9-10g (0.3-0.35 oz)

Peak Weight:

314g (11 oz)

Weaning Weight:

252g (8.8 oz)

Click photo to visit gallery

Tucuman Amazon
© Uriel Collina

Did You Know?

Tucuman fledglings are noisy and fearless. One breeder reports that 20 in one flight were so active and boisterous that it was hazardous to enter their enclosure!

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona tucumana

Species Wild Status

World Population:

10,000 - 20,000

IUCN Red List Status:

Vulnerable

CITES Listing:

Appendix I

Threat Summary:

Habitat loss, local trapping for wild bird trade.

Range:

Occurs in SE Bolivia, in Chuquisaca and Tarija, and NW Argentina, in Jujuy, Salta, Tucuman and Catamarca.

Habitat:

In montane forest with also Nothofagus and Podocarpus forest. Found at 1800-2000m (5904-6560 ft); descends to 350m (1148 ft) during winter.

Wild Diet:

Feeds possibly on Alnus and Podocarpus seeds; flowers and immature fruits elsewhere.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Can occur in very large groups (up to 10,000 birds or more, the entire population of an area) but generally in flocks from a few to over 200 individuals.

Clutch and Egg Size:

3 to 4 rounded eggs, 34.5 x 26.5mm (1.3 x 1 in).

Breeding Season:

January

Related Links:

Arkive
Wikipedia
Research: The near-threatened Tucuman Parrot: insights for a global assessment
Cornell Neotropical Unit
 

Click photo to visit gallery

Tucuman Amazon
© Uriel Collina

Did You Know?

Tucuman fledglings are noisy and fearless. One breeder reports that 20 in one flight were so active and boisterous that it was hazardous to enter their enclosure!

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona tucumana

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