Member Login

Username

Password

Auto-login for future visits

Join or Renew Today!

Membership Benefits:

Close Button

Vinaceous Amazon

 (Amazona vinacea)

Also known as: Vinaceous-breasted Amazon or Parrot

Click photo to visit gallery

Vinaceous Amazon
© Jamie Gilardi

Did You Know?

The Vinaceous Amazon usually nests in large, hollow trees but occasionally will also nest in cliff crevices. This bird is also the only Amazon that has a red beak.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona vinacea

Species Profile

Genus: Amazona | Species: vinacea

Size:

30cm (11.7 in)

Weight:

370g (13 oz)

Races including nominate:

one

Colourization Adult:

Both adults in general green with feathers edged dusty black; red lores and frontal band; green long feathers of hindneck and sides of neck, widely edged with pale blue and tipped with dusty black; lilac/red breast, variably washed with blue, the feathers edged with dusty black; green carpal edge, variably marked with yellow and red; secondary feathers 1-3 have red bases, the remainder green; green tail with dark red at base. Bill dull pink/red with horn coloured tip. Eye ring grey. Eye red.

Colourization Juvenile:

In general duller than adults, red frontal band less far reaching; breast washed with green; green/yellow carpal edge. Bill horn in colour with dull pink/red at base of upper mandible. Eye brown.

Call:

Calls are a variety of sounds including raucous and continuous notes, trilling flight calls, “squeaky door” notes, purring sounds and loud contact and alarm calls.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1

More Information:

Avibase
Handbook of the Birds of the World
Cornell Lab of Ornithology Neotropical Birds

Content Sources:

CITES
Lexicon of Parrots
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
ML Media Collection Catalogue 139231, Vinaceous Parrot Amazona vinacea, Macaulay, Linda, Misiones, Argentina, Feb. 3 2004, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1977. 2010 edition
Parrots: Status Survey and Conservation Plan 2000-2004, Snyder, McGowan, Gilardi, Grajal, 2000
Article 'Vinaceous Amazon', by Susan Clubb, DVM
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.
Psittacine Aviculture, Schubot, Clubb and Clubb, 1992.
Parrots: Their Care and Breeding, Low, 1986.

Click photo to visit gallery

Vinaceous Amazon
© Jamie Gilardi

Did You Know?

The Vinaceous Amazon usually nests in large, hollow trees but occasionally will also nest in cliff crevices. This bird is also the only Amazon that has a red beak.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona vinacea

Species Care

Captive Status:

Uncommon

Longevity:

Probably up to 50yrs.

Housing:

Aviary or suspended enclosure, minimum length 3m (9.8 ft).

Diet:

Fruits such as: apple, pear, cactus fruits, oranges, pomegranate, banana, forming about 30 percent of the diet; vegetables such as: carrot, celery, green beans and peas in the pod; fresh corn; green leaves such as: Swiss chard, lettuce, sowthistle, dandelion, chickweed; spray millet; small seed mix such as: canary, millet, and smaller amounts oats, buckwheat, safflower and a little hemp; soaked and sprouted sunflower seed (limited); cooked beans and pulses, boiled maize; limited cubed hard cheese; complete kibble.

Enrichment:

Very vigorous chewer so provide bird-safe wooden chew toys, fir, pine, elder or willow branches and perches, heat sterilized pine cones, vegetable tanned leather toys.

Nest Box Size:

Vertical box 12" x 12" x 24" (30.5cm x 30.5cm x 61cm).

Clutch Size:

3-4 oval shaped eggs, 38.0 x 28.5mm (1.5 x 1 in).

Incubation Time:

28 days

Fledging Age:

7-9 weeks

Hatch Weight:

Not available

Peak Weight:

Not available

Weaning Weight:

Not available

Click photo to visit gallery

Vinaceous Amazon
© Jamie Gilardi

Did You Know?

The Vinaceous Amazon usually nests in large, hollow trees but occasionally will also nest in cliff crevices. This bird is also the only Amazon that has a red beak.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona vinacea

Species Wild Status

World Population:

1000-2500

IUCN Red List Status:

Endangered

CITES Listing:

Appendix I

Threat Summary:

Selective logging, colonisation and agriculture threaten remaining forests. Competition for nest cavities is a problem. Also, a massive bird-smuggling operation was centred in Paraguay recently, and included Amazona vinacea.

Range:

SE Brazil from S Bahia and W Espirito Santo south to NE Argentina, in Misiones and possibly NE Corrientes, and SE Paraguay.

Habitat:

Found up to 1200m (3936 ft), locally 2000m (6560 ft) in tropical and subtropical mixed evergreen forest; in Brazil humid coastal forest, in E Paraguay Araucaria angustifolia stands and Euterpeedulis woodlands.

Wild Diet:

Feeds on flowers, fruits, seeds; may take cultivated crops, but impact from that is thought to be low.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Found generally in pairs or small flocks with larger groups of around 30 in July-August. Nests in hollow of large tree; may breed in loose colonies.

Clutch and Egg Size:

3-4 oval-shaped eggs, 38.0 x 28.5mm (1.5 x 1.1 in).

Breeding Season:

September-January

Related Links:

Arkive
AvianWeb
Research: Health screening protocols for Vinaceous Amazons in a reintroduction project

Click photo to visit gallery

Vinaceous Amazon
© Jamie Gilardi

Did You Know?

The Vinaceous Amazon usually nests in large, hollow trees but occasionally will also nest in cliff crevices. This bird is also the only Amazon that has a red beak.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona vinacea

Members Only Resources

Please log-in now to find more research, resources and tools.

Not a Member?

Find more great information:

Gain exclusive access to 600+ pages of additional research, seminars and podcasts, specialists to ask your toughest questions, and dozens of other fun resources - when you become a WPT member.

Already a Member?

Encyclopedia

Search by:
Common Name


Geographic Location


Type of Parrot


Taxonomic Name


Parrots of the Wild - GET YOUR COPY Sign Up to Stay Informed




Become A WPT Member Check out the Latest Podcasts