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Vinaceous Amazon

 (Amazona vinacea)

Also known as: Vinaceous-breasted Amazon or Parrot

Click photo to visit gallery

Vinaceous Amazon
© Cloudtail the Snow Leopard [CC BY-SA 2.0]

Did You Know?

The Vinaceous Amazon usually nests in large, hollow trees but occasionally will also nest in cliff crevices. This bird is also the only Amazon that has a red beak.

Programs & Projects

WPT has worked with numerous partners to help save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona vinacea

Species Profile

Genus: Amazona | Species: vinacea

Size:

30cm (11.7 in)

Weight:

370g (13 oz)

Races including nominate:

one

Colour Adult:

Both adults in general green with feathers edged dusty black; red lores and frontal band; green long feathers of hindneck and sides of neck, widely edged with pale blue and tipped with dusty black; lilac/red breast, variably washed with blue, the feathers edged with dusty black; green carpal edge, variably marked with yellow and red; secondary feathers 1-3 have red bases, the remainder green; green tail with dark red at base. Bill dull pink/red with horn coloured tip. Eye ring grey. Eye red.

Colour Juvenile:

In general duller than adults, red frontal band less far reaching; breast washed with green; green/yellow carpal edge. Bill horn in colour with dull pink/red at base of upper mandible. Eye brown.

Call:

Calls are a variety of sounds including raucous and continuous notes, trilling flight calls, “squeaky door” notes, purring sounds and loud contact and alarm calls.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1

More Information:

Avibase
National Geographic Photo Ark
Handbook of the Birds of the World
Cornell Lab of Ornithology Neotropical Birds

Content Sources:

CITES
Lexicon of Parrots
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
ML Media Collection Catalogue 139231, Vinaceous Parrot Amazona vinacea, Macaulay, Linda, Misiones, Argentina, Feb. 3 2004, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1977. 2010 edition
Parrots: Status Survey and Conservation Plan 2000-2004, Snyder, McGowan, Gilardi, Grajal, 2000
Article 'Vinaceous Amazon', by Susan Clubb, DVM
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.
Psittacine Aviculture, Schubot, Clubb and Clubb, 1992.
Parrots: Their Care and Breeding, Low, 1986.

Click photo to visit gallery

Vinaceous Amazon
© Cloudtail the Snow Leopard [CC BY-SA 2.0]

Did You Know?

The Vinaceous Amazon usually nests in large, hollow trees but occasionally will also nest in cliff crevices. This bird is also the only Amazon that has a red beak.

Programs & Projects

WPT has worked with numerous partners to help save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona vinacea

Species Care

Captive Status:

Uncommon

Longevity:

Probably up to 50 yrs.

Housing:

Aviary or suspended enclosure, minimum length 3m (9.8 ft).

Diet:

Fruits such as: apple, pear, cactus fruits, oranges, pomegranate, banana, forming about 30 percent of the diet; vegetables such as: carrot, celery, green beans and peas in the pod; fresh corn; green leaves such as: Swiss chard, lettuce, sowthistle, dandelion, chickweed; spray millet; small seed mix such as: canary, millet, and smaller amounts oats, buckwheat, safflower and a little hemp; soaked and sprouted sunflower seed (limited); cooked beans and pulses, boiled maize, and complete kibble.

Enrichment:

Very vigorous chewer so provide bird-safe wooden chew toys, fir, pine, elder or willow branches and perches, heat sterilized pine cones, vegetable tanned leather toys.

Nest Box Size:

Vertical box 12" x 12" x 24" (30.5cm x 30.5cm x 61cm).

Clutch Size:

3-4 oval shaped eggs, 38.0 x 28.5mm (1.5 x 1 in).

Incubation Time:

28 days

Fledging Age:

7-9 weeks

Hatch Weight:

Not recorded.

Peak Weight:

Not recorded.

Weaning Weight:

Not recorded.

Click photo to visit gallery

Vinaceous Amazon
© Cloudtail the Snow Leopard [CC BY-SA 2.0]

Did You Know?

The Vinaceous Amazon usually nests in large, hollow trees but occasionally will also nest in cliff crevices. This bird is also the only Amazon that has a red beak.

Programs & Projects

WPT has worked with numerous partners to help save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona vinacea

Species Wild Status

World Population:

2000-2700

IUCN Red List Status:

Endangered

CITES Listing:

Appendix I

Threat Summary:

Selective logging, colonisation and agriculture threaten remaining forests. Competition for nest cavities is a problem. A massive bird-smuggling operation was centred in Paraguay recently, and included Amazona vinacea.

Range:

SE Brazil from S Bahia and W Espirito Santo south to NE Argentina, in Misiones and possibly NE Corrientes, and SE Paraguay.

Habitat:

Found up to 1200m (3936 ft), locally 2000m (6560 ft) in tropical and subtropical mixed evergreen forest; in Brazil humid coastal forest, in E Paraguay Araucaria angustifolia stands and Euterpeedulis woodlands.

Wild Diet:

Feeds on flowers, fruits, seeds; may take cultivated crops, but impact from that is thought to be low.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Found generally in pairs or small flocks with larger groups of around 30 in July-August. Nests in hollow of large tree; may breed in loose colonies.

Clutch and Egg Size:

3-4 oval-shaped eggs, 38.0 x 28.5mm (1.5 x 1.1 in).

Breeding Season:

September-January

Related Links:

AvianWeb
Research: Health screening protocols for Vinaceous Amazons in a reintroduction project

Click photo to visit gallery

Vinaceous Amazon
© Cloudtail the Snow Leopard [CC BY-SA 2.0]

Did You Know?

The Vinaceous Amazon usually nests in large, hollow trees but occasionally will also nest in cliff crevices. This bird is also the only Amazon that has a red beak.

Programs & Projects

WPT has worked with numerous partners to help save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona vinacea

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