Member Login

Username

Password

Auto-login for future visits

Join or Renew Today!

Membership Benefits:

Close Button

White-crowned Parrot

 (Pionus senilis)
 
Click photo to visit gallery

Wild White-crowned parrot
© Steve Brookes | wildparrotsupclose.com

Did You Know?

The young of the White-crowned Parrot (or Pionus) make a harsh, rasping sound when they are begging for food.

Academic Research

Related publications: Pionus senilis

Species Profile

Genus: Pionus | Species: senilis

Size:

24cm (9.3 in)

Weight:

193-229g (6.7-8 oz)

Races including nominate:

one

Colour Adult:

Both adults in general green with yellow/green on underparts; white forehead and forecrown; white patch on chin and middle of throat; dark blue ear coverts; olive breast, the feathers edged with purple/blue; red under tail coverts; gold/brown lesser and median wing coverts, with dull green at centre; green tail with red at base. Bill green/yellow with grey at base. Eye ring bare and brown/pink. Eye brown.

Colour Juvenile:

Buff/white edging to feathers of green forehead and forecrown; white patch on chin and middle of throat absent; blue edging to feathers of breast minimal or absent; green lesser and median wing coverts, with olive/brown margins; yellow/green undertail coverts. Eye ring bare and white.

Call:

Calls made in flight are continuous and screechy.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1

More Information:

Avibase
Wikipedia
Handbook of the Birds of the World

Content Sources:

CITES
Lexicon of Parrots
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998.
ML Media Collection Catalogue 165867, White-crowned Parrot Pionus senilis, Ross, David L., Jr., Puntarenas, Costa Rica, Mar. 27 1996, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1977.
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006. 2010 edition
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild White-crowned parrot
© Steve Brookes | wildparrotsupclose.com

Did You Know?

The young of the White-crowned Parrot (or Pionus) make a harsh, rasping sound when they are begging for food.

Academic Research

Related publications: Pionus senilis

Species Care

Captive Status:

Common in US; less so elsewhere.

Longevity:

30 yrs

Housing:

Aviary or suspended enclosure, minimum length 2m (6.5 ft).

Diet:

Fruit such as: apple, pear, orange, banana, pomegranate, cactus fruits, forming about 30 percent of the diet; vegetables such as: carrot, celery, green beans, peas in the pod; fresh corn; green leaves such as: Swiss chard, lettuce, sowthistle, dandelion, chickweed; spray millet; small seed mix such as: canary, millet and smaller amounts of oats, buckwheat, safflower and a little hemp; soaked and sprouted sunflower seeds; cooked beans and pulses and boiled maize; complete pellet.

Enrichment:

Provide bathing misters or bowls; toys such as bird-safe wooden toys, ladders, swings, ropes, play gyms, foraging/puzzle toys, vegetable tanned leather chewable toys; fir, pine, elder and willow branches and different sized perches.

Nest Box Size:

Vertical box 9.5" x 9.5" x 20" (24.1cm x 24.1cm x 50.8cm).

Clutch Size:

4-6

Incubation Time:

26 days

Fledging Age:

8 weeks

Hatch Weight:

Not recorded.

Peak Weight:

Not recorded.

Weaning Weight:

Not recorded.

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild White-crowned parrot
© Steve Brookes | wildparrotsupclose.com

Did You Know?

The young of the White-crowned Parrot (or Pionus) make a harsh, rasping sound when they are begging for food.

Academic Research

Related publications: Pionus senilis

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Unknown, decreasing.

IUCN Red List Status:

Least Concern

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

Persecution as crop pest, hunting for food and deforestation, however; no serious decline in numbers has been reported.

Range:

C America, mostly Caribbean slope from S Tamaulipas and E San Luis Potosi, SE Mexico, to C Costa Rica, and both slopes from C Costa Rica to W Panama, in W Chiriqui and W Bocas del Toro.

Habitat:

Found up to 2300m (7544 ft) in mainly humid forest and woodland but also in local pine-oak forests, savanna and moist lower montane growth. Also has been reported from woodland and forest edge, cultivated areas and pastures with scattered trees, plantations, secondary growth and wooded streams.

Wild Diet:

Feeds on ripening seeds, palm fruits and sometimes cultivated crops.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Found mainly in pairs or small flocks outside of breeding season. Occasionally seen in large groups of several hundred. Feeds mainly in canopy.

Clutch and Egg Size:

4-6 broadly elliptical eggs, 35.0 x 25.5mm (1.4 x 1 in).

Breeding Season:

March, Mexico; January-April, Costa Rica.

Related Links:

Cornell Lab of Ornithology Neotropical Birds

Click photo to visit gallery

Wild White-crowned parrot
© Steve Brookes | wildparrotsupclose.com

Did You Know?

The young of the White-crowned Parrot (or Pionus) make a harsh, rasping sound when they are begging for food.

Academic Research

Related publications: Pionus senilis

Members Only Resources

Please log-in now to find more research, resources and tools.

Not a Member?

Find more great information:

Gain exclusive access to 600+ pages of additional research, seminars and podcasts, specialists to ask your toughest questions, and dozens of other fun resources - when you become a WPT member.

Already a Member?

Encyclopedia

Search by:
Common Name


Geographic Location


Type of Parrot


Taxonomic Name


Sign Up to Stay Informed




Become A WPT Member Check out the Latest Podcasts