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Golden Conure

 (Guaruba guarouba)

Also known as: Queen of Bavaria Conure, Golden Parakeet

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Golden Conure
© World Parrot Trust

Did You Know?

The Golden Conure will alternate different hollows for roosting on successive nights.

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Related publications: Guaruba guarouba

Species Profile

Genus: Guaruba | Species: guarouba

Size:

34 cm (13.3 in)

Weight:

270g (9.5 oz)

Races including nominate:

one

Colourization Adult:

Both adults plumage bright yellow, primary, secondary and outer upper wing coverts dark green; yellow tail. Bill horn in colour. Bare, pink/white eye ring, eye brown.

Colourization Juvenile:

As in adults but with dark green on cheeks and ear coverts; yellow crown, nape and upperparts, marked with dark green; underparts yellow; breast lightly marked with dull green; uppertail dark green marked yellow. Bill pink. Pale grey, bare eye ring.

Call:

Vibrant, high pitched note given singly or as many as 3-4 per second; during courtship a long strident note.  Voice in general softer than Aratinga conures.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1

More Information:

Arkive
Avibase
Handbook of the Birds of the World

Content Sources:

CITES
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
Busch Gardens/Sea World Adventure Camps
A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
ML Media Collection Catalogue 113073, Golden Parakeet Guaruba guarouba, Marantz, Curtis, Para, Brazil, Sep. 9 1998, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots: Status Survey and Conservation Plan 2000-2004, Snyder, McGowan, Gilardi and Grajal, 2000.
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.
Psittacine Aviculture, Schubot, Clubb and Clubb, 1992.

Click photo to visit gallery

Golden Conure
© World Parrot Trust

Did You Know?

The Golden Conure will alternate different hollows for roosting on successive nights.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Guaruba guarouba

Species Care

Captive Status:

Rare

Longevity:

15-30 yrs

Housing:

Aviary or suspended cage, minimum length 3m (9.8 ft).

Diet:

Cooked beans and pulses, boiled corn, sunflower seed - dry, soaked or sprouted, fruit such as: apple, orange, bananas, pomegranate, cactus fruits; vegetables such as: carrot, celery, green beans and peas in the pod; complete kibble; spray millet.

Enrichment:

Provide overhead misters or shallow water bowls for bathing; foot toys, destructible (non-toxic) toys, non-destructible (non-toxic plastic) toys, food-finder toys, preening toys, different texture and size hanging perch toys; bird-safe, unsprayed flowering, fir, elder, pine or willow branches, push-and-pull toys (sliding up and down), vegetable tanned leather toys.

Nest Box Size:

12" x 12" x 18" (30.5cm x 30.5cm x 46cm) box, or 12" x 12" x 24" (30.5cm x 30.5cm x 61cm) box.

Clutch Size:

2 to 4

Incubation Time:

26 days

Fledging Age:

10 weeks

Hatch Weight:

7-11g (0.2-0.4 oz)

Peak Weight:

154-300g (5.4-10.5 oz)

Weaning Weight:

196-235g (6.9-8.2 oz)

Click photo to visit gallery

Golden Conure
© World Parrot Trust

Did You Know?

The Golden Conure will alternate different hollows for roosting on successive nights.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Guaruba guarouba

Species Wild Status

World Population:

10,000 - 20,000

IUCN Red List Status:

Vulnerable

CITES Listing:

Appendix I

Threat Summary:

Habitat loss and fragmentation due to road construction, illegal mahogany harvesting; trapping for live bird trade, hunting for food and sport, and to curtail crop damage.

Range:

Confined to NE Brazil, south of the Amazon River, from west of the Tapajos River, western Para, east to NW Maranhao.

Habitat:

Lowland rainforest, recently seen more upland, and near Brazil-nut plantations. Up to 500m (1640 ft).

Wild Diet:

Forages in tall forest but will take some cultivated plants but mainly takes fruits, flowers and buds.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Is somewhat nomadic; will wander into different habitats post-breeding. Gregarious at all times of year. Roosts and flocks in groups of 3-30 birds. Rests in tree-cavities.

Clutch and Egg Size:

2 to 4, round to oval shaped, 34 x 29 mm (1.3 x 1.1 in).

Breeding Season:

Breeds communally with several females contributing to one clutch; single pairs also reported. Breeds during wet season - December to April.

Related Links:

Wikipedia
Cornell Lab of Ornithology Neotropical Birds

Click photo to visit gallery

Golden Conure
© World Parrot Trust

Did You Know?

The Golden Conure will alternate different hollows for roosting on successive nights.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Guaruba guarouba

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