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Golden Conure

 (Guaruba guarouba)

Also known as: Queen of Bavaria Conure, Golden Parakeet

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Golden Conure
© World Parrot Trust

Did You Know?

The Golden Conure will alternate different hollows for roosting on successive nights.

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Related publications: Guaruba guarouba

Species Profile

Genus: Guaruba | Species: guarouba

Size:

34 cm (13.3 in)

Weight:

270g (9.5 oz)

Races including nominate:

one

Colourization Adult:

Both adults plumage bright yellow, primary, secondary and outer upper wing coverts dark green; yellow tail. Bill horn in colour. Bare, pink/white eye ring, eye brown.

Colourization Juvenile:

As in adults but with dark green on cheeks and ear coverts; yellow crown, nape and upperparts, marked with dark green; underparts yellow; breast lightly marked with dull green; uppertail dark green marked yellow. Bill pink. Pale grey, bare eye ring.

Call:

Vibrant, high pitched note given singly or as many as 3-4 per second; during courtship a long strident note.  Voice in general softer than Aratinga conures.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1

More Information:

AvianWeb

Content Sources:

Busch Gardens/Sea World Adventure Camps
CITES
BirdLife International
Internet Bird Collection
ML Media Collection Catalogue 113073, Golden Parakeet Guaruba guarouba, Marantz, Curtis, Para, Brazil, Sep. 9 1998, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots: A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
Parrots: Status Survey and Conservation Plan 2000-2004, Snyder, McGowan, Gilardi and Grajal, 2000.
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1989. 2010 edition
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.
Psittacine Aviculture, Schubot, Clubb and Clubb, 1992.

Click photo to visit gallery

Golden Conure
© World Parrot Trust

Did You Know?

The Golden Conure will alternate different hollows for roosting on successive nights.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Guaruba guarouba

Species Care

Captive Status:

Rare

Longevity:

15-30 yrs

Housing:

Aviary or suspended cage, minimum length 3m (9.8 ft).

Diet:

Cooked beans and pulses, boiled corn, sunflower seed - dry, soaked or sprouted, fruit such as: apple, orange, bananas, pomegranate, cactus fruits; vegetables such as: carrot, celery, green beans and peas in the pod; complete kibble; spray millet.

Enrichment:

Provide overhead misters or shallow water bowls for bathing; foot toys, destructible (non-toxic) toys, non-destructible (non-toxic plastic) toys, food-finder toys, preening toys, different texture and size hanging perch toys; bird-safe, unsprayed flowering, fir, elder, pine or willow branches, push-and-pull toys (sliding up and down), vegetable tanned leather toys.

Nest Box Size:

12" x 12" x 18" (30.5cm x 30.5cm x 46cm) box, or 12" x 12" x 24" (30.5cm x 30.5cm x 61cm) box.

Clutch Size:

2 to 4

Incubation Time:

26 days

Fledging Age:

10 weeks

Hatch Weight:

7-11g (0.2-0.4 oz)

Peak Weight:

154-300g (5.4-10.5 oz)

Weaning Weight:

196-235g (6.9-8.2 oz)

Click photo to visit gallery

Golden Conure
© World Parrot Trust

Did You Know?

The Golden Conure will alternate different hollows for roosting on successive nights.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Guaruba guarouba

Species Wild Status

World Population:

10,000 - 20,000

IUCN Red List Status:

Vulnerable

CITES Listing:

Appendix I

Threat Summary:

Habitat loss and fragmentation due to road construction, illegal mahogany harvesting; trapping for live bird trade, hunting for food and sport, and to curtail crop damage.

Range:

Confined to NE Brazil, south of the Amazon River, from west of the Tapajos River, western Para, east to NW Maranhao.

Habitat:

Lowland rainforest, recently seen more upland, and near Brazil-nut plantations. Up to 500m (1640 ft).

Wild Diet:

Forages in tall forest but will take some cultivated plants but mainly takes fruits, flowers and buds.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Is somewhat nomadic; will wander into different habitats post-breeding. Gregarious at all times of year. Roosts and flocks in groups of 3-30 birds. Rests in tree-cavities.

Clutch and Egg Size:

2 to 4, round to oval shaped, 34 x 29 mm (1.3 x 1.1 in).

Breeding Season:

Breeds communally with several females contributing to one clutch; single pairs also reported. Breeds during wet season - December to April.

Related Links:

Golden Conure.org
Arkive
Wikipedia
Cornell Neotropical Unit

Click photo to visit gallery

Golden Conure
© World Parrot Trust

Did You Know?

The Golden Conure will alternate different hollows for roosting on successive nights.

Programs & Projects

WPT has helped to save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Guaruba guarouba

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