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Northern Mealy Amazon

 (Amazona guatemalae)

Also known as: Guatemala Mealy Amazon, Blue-crowned Amazon

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Northern Mealy Amazon, MX
© Kurt Bauschardt [CC BY-SA 2.0] via Flickr

Did You Know?

This recently split species (Mealy Amazon) has been listed as Near Threatened by IUCN.


Programs & Projects

WPT has worked with numerous partners to help save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona guatemalae

Species Profile

Genus: Amazona | Species: guatemalae

Size:

38cm (14.8 in)

Weight:

705-766g (24.7-26.8 oz)

Races including nominate:

two: A.g. guatemalae, A.g. virenticeps

Colour Adult:

A.g. guatemalae: Mostly green, with blue crown, forehead and lores; carpal edge of wing green/yellow; edges of wing feathers blue; red on secondary feathers; tail feathers dark green to light green at tip.  Bill dark grey.  Eye ring white, eye red.
A.g. virenticeps: Mostly green with less blue crown than guatemalae; more yellow/green; green/yellow carpal edge, variably marked red; green crown; lores and forehead green tinged with blue. Bill black/horn in colour.  Eye ring white, eye red.

Colour Juvenile:

Similar to adults but with brown eye.

Call:

Varied calls including screams, whistles, babbles, squawks and chattering. Some mimicry. Noisy while in flight.

Listen Now

Video Links:

Video 1

More Information:

Avibase

Content Sources:

BirdLife International
Cornell Lab of Ornithology/Birds of the World
ML Media Collection Catalogue 55192, Mealy Amazon Amazona farinosa virenticeps, Ross, David L. Jr., Puntarenas, Costa Rica, Jan. 10 1991, Cornell Lab of Ornithology.  Site
Parrots of the World, Forshaw and Cooper, 1989.
Parrots in Aviculture, Low, 1992.
Psittacine Aviculture, Schubot, Clubb and Clubb, 1992.

Click photo to visit gallery

Northern Mealy Amazon, MX
© Kurt Bauschardt [CC BY-SA 2.0] via Flickr

Did You Know?

This recently split species (Mealy Amazon) has been listed as Near Threatened by IUCN.


Programs & Projects

WPT has worked with numerous partners to help save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona guatemalae

Species Care

Captive Status:

Not well known in aviculture.

Longevity:

May live as long as 50-60 yrs.

Housing:

Walk-in enclosure, minimum length 4.5m (14.7 ft) or suspended aviary, minimum length 3m (9.8 ft).

Diet:

Fruit such as: apple, pear, orange, cactus fruits, pomegranate, etc, forming about 30 percent of diet; vegetable such as: carrot, celery, green peas and beans, corn; green leaves such as: Swiss chard, sowthistle, lettuce; spray millet; mix of small seeds, limited sunflower and other fatty seeds; cooked beans and pulses, and complete kibble.

Enrichment:

Loves to play and climb so provide bird-safe chew wood and leather toys, branches, ladders, swings; also socializing, bathing.

Nest Box Size:

Vertical box, 12" x 12" x 24" (30.5cm x 30.5cm x 61cm).

Clutch Size:

About 3

Incubation Time:

24-27 days

Fledging Age:

9-10 weeks

Hatch Weight:

16-18g (0.5-0.6 oz)

Peak Weight:

Not recorded.

Weaning Weight:

Not recorded.

Click photo to visit gallery

Northern Mealy Amazon, MX
© Kurt Bauschardt [CC BY-SA 2.0] via Flickr

Did You Know?

This recently split species (Mealy Amazon) has been listed as Near Threatened by IUCN.


Programs & Projects

WPT has worked with numerous partners to help save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona guatemalae

Species Wild Status

World Population:

Unknown, decreasing.

IUCN Red List Status:

Near Threatened

CITES Listing:

Appendix II

Threat Summary:

This species is hunted and trapped for food and the wild bird trade in many areas of its range. Declines in Central America have also been attributed to deforestation.

Range:

A.g. guatemalae: Caribbean slope from Oaxaca and S Veracruz, S Mexico, to NW Honduras.
A.g. virenticeps: W Panama, in W Chiriqui and W Bocas del Toro, north through Costa Rica and Nicaragua to Valle de Sula, NW Honduras.

Habitat:

Resides in dense humid lowland rainforest, near clearings and forest edge; also found in low montane rainforest in Honduras and lower margins of subtropical zone in Panama. Found on plantations with tall trees as well as local gallery forest in savanna and more rarely deciduous forest. Up to 1100m (3608 ft).

Wild Diet:

Food items include figs: Ficus, Brosimum; pods of legumes such as Inga and Dussia; arils of Casearia and Virola and others. May also take maize.

Ecology and Behaviour:

Found in pairs or flocks up to 20 individuals, with larger congregations at food sources. Forms large noisy communal roosts in tall trees outside breeding season sometimes with several hundred birds. Well camouflaged while quietly feeding in upper stages of forest canopy.

Clutch and Egg Size:

3 broadly elliptical eggs, 37.5 x 29.0mm (1.5 x 1.1 in).

Breeding Season:

April-May; nest is in tree cavity or crevice in wall.

Click photo to visit gallery

Northern Mealy Amazon, MX
© Kurt Bauschardt [CC BY-SA 2.0] via Flickr

Did You Know?

This recently split species (Mealy Amazon) has been listed as Near Threatened by IUCN.


Programs & Projects

WPT has worked with numerous partners to help save this species. Learn more

Academic Research

Related publications: Amazona guatemalae

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